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Alan Watts – Existence is Quite Weird and Why the Apple Tree Apples Fall, Philosophy and Spirituality

Posted: June 18, 2017 at 7:36 pm



Alan Watts – Existence is Quite Weird and Why the Apple Tree Apples Fall, Philosophy and Spirituality from Endocrinology Hormone Clinic on Vimeo.

Recommendation and review posted by G. Smith

Technocalpyse Part 1, 2, 3

Posted: January 24, 2016 at 7:16 am

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The Ethics of the Future: Human Genetic Engineering and Human Immortality Medicine is Coming in 19 years!!

Posted: January 1, 2015 at 12:46 pm

The Ethics of the Future: Genetic Engineering and Immortality Medicine

2015 is Going to Be a Fascinating Year for Longevity Science

By Professor Mark

How do you feel about the potential for great advances in Human Longevity Science that have been occurring in recent years? Do you feel excited about the prospect of living a much longer life, or are you indifferent? Are you nervous about the prospects of what this sort of tinkering with genetics and human nature might bring?

Is the potential for a vastly expanded lifespan going to be something that everyone can enjoy, or will it be an advantage simply for those that can afford it? If you could live 100 years longer, would you want to? Would you care if the opportunity were afforded to you as an individual? Would such a huge opportunity lead to a new and beautiful life on earth, or would earth somehow take these momentous advantages and turn the world on its head?

My Beliefs Regarding Advanced Genetic Engineering

Many years ago, when I was an undergraduate at Penn State, our professor posited similar questions in our Genetics Class, which played a major role in affecting my beliefs toward the subject of hyper-longevity and Genetic Engineering. The class was large, with more than 100 students, and my professor asked the class what their opinions were regarding the use of genetic manipulation and engineering to alter human life.

Surprisingly, the class was completely silent. In response to this silence, the professor called up two students to debate the subject. One of my classmates volunteered to voice his opposition to genetic engineering, and I chose to volunteer, providing an argument in favor of it.

My opponent voiced his opinion to the class that genetic engineering for this purpose would be ethically wrong because it is not in man’s best interest to play God. Most of our classmates seemed to agree, nodding subtly in agreement.

Personal Aesthetic: Choosing to Be Different

I felt as though I was standing upon a grand crossroads of history. As I looked around the class, it felt as though all of my classmates, for all of their cliquish differences, were being incredibly closed-minded, like they just accepted what they had been told all their lives and were afraid to think for themselves.

After the professor gauged the response of the students, I had my opportunity to argue in favor of this advanced human genetic engineering. I glanced around the class, and felt my argument come together cleanly in my mind. I saw white girls with bleached hair stretching down their backs, more than a few of which had fake breasts. I saw black girls with expensive weaves and complex and expensive hairstyles.

There were white students mimicking their hip hop and rap idols, and I even saw a young Asian student that had very obviously dyed her hair red. In my class I saw a great commingling of different styles. People both attempting to exemplify American standards of beauty and those taking on the aspects of other cultures, adopting them as their own.

As I looked around at all of this, recognizing the great diversity in my class, I had a strong feeling that there was not one person in the class that didn’t have at least one thing they wanted to alter about the characteristics they were born with. I continued thinking to myself, that these students probably wanted to be different in a variety of different ways: some wanted to be smarter, some taller. Some girls wish they had larger breasts, and some guys wanted larger penises. Others probably wish that they didn’t have to go through the trouble to put in contacts and hair dyes to look like the person they wish they were. For myself, I would have given anything just to be a few inches taller.

A Call for Genetic Freedom

After standing quietly for a moment, with all of these thoughts running through my at head a rapid place, I spoke from my position, in the back of the class, and suddenly stated loudly: Genetic Freedom!

I felt that just those two words spoke for themselves, but my professor threw a dejected glance in my direction, and I could detect her shaking her head almost imperceptibly. Her silence was a sign that she needed more. After the brief silence, I continued. I argued to the class that the individual should have full control to alter his DNA as he sees fit, so long as it doesn’t negatively impact society or the rights of anyone else.

She seemed thoroughly unhappy with the argument, and the class began to chatter loudly, nearly in unison. After the short spate of controlled chaos, the class continued with liveliness and energy, but I felt that others in the class largely shunned me as a result of the fervent beliefs I expressed in regard to what legitimately amounted to the potential future of the human race.

Will People Be Able to Resist Genetic Alteration?

I still laugh to myself to this day about how my belief met such incredulity in the face of so many. In the future, once science makes it possible to make such powerful changes to humanity at the genetic level, I am confident that these same students, if given the actual opportunity to improve themselves through futuristic genetic methods, would absolutely jump at the chance with no second thought.

It wouldn’t be Playing God. It wouldn’t be unethical. It would simply be the new reality. In fact, once the time comes to pass when Genetic Alteration becomes a reality, the exact same people today that seek out plastic surgery and cosmetic surgery will clamor for these procedures as soon as they become available. In the end, I believe I made a B in the course, which is regretful, because I’ve always remained highly interested in genetics.

The Future of Humanity: The Organic and the Engineered

Another of my professors at Penn State, himself with a doctorate in genetics, explained an interesting aspect of human evolution, one which I had never thought of before. He explained that the many races that make up humanity as a whole developed their differences as a result of dispersing far from one another, and slowly adapting to their new environments over time.

After they migrated, geography, distance, and other factors kept them from interacting heavily with one another, which caused their minor adaptations to become more pronounced. In the same way that they developed their own habits and cultures, their aesthetic and physical makeup also changed. Some grew taller, others grew paler, and each individual culture became maximally resistant to the diseases which were prominent in their area.

Even though these physical and genetic changes were significant, any healthy woman on earth could still mate with any other healthy man, no matter how different he looked or acted. What he said that truly sparked my mind was that if the different races of human beings stayed geographically isolated from one another for longer period of time, eventually the different races could have changed enough to where they could no longer produce children with one another.

Could Genetically Engineered Humans Evolve Beyond Humanity?

This can also apply to the future of genetic engineering. The modern world is so interconnected that geography has no impact on the ability of humans to breed with one another, but genetic enhancement may lead to a point at which a human born today would not be able to mate with an individual that was the result of generations of genetically altered parents.

As Genetic Engineering becomes more advanced, humans may change enough at the genetic level to prevent interbreeding between lineages which have undergone these advancements and those that chose not to. This change would of course be gradual, first reducing the ability to conceive before denying that ability altogether. At this point, it would take genetic engineering just to create a viable child for two disparate humans. Interestingly enough, it may even come to pass that different species of humans evolve from such endeavors, as distinct from one another as they are from humans themselves.

The beginning of this story could begin sometime in the next hundred years, as scientists and medical specialists develop the ability to safely and effectively alter DNA to meet the specifications of the individual.

The Future is Coming: the Great Human Divergence and the Neo-Sapient

The people that choose to reject Genetic Modification and Advanced Longevity Treatments in the near future will create an interesting binary world. This could be the beginning of a grand human experiment. This could be the focal point of a genetic divergence so strong that it literally fragments the human race, creating a new class of post-humans that have advanced to a point where they qualify as their own unique species.

I think back to the genetics course I mentioned earlier. I remember the absolute ocean of diversity that was contained within the 100-student course, and I was able to visualize a future in which Genetic Modification leads to even greater diversity, and a uniqueness that has never existed in the history of the human race. It made me think of the diversity of the universe, and the unlimited options for diversity that it represents. As someone with an affinity for astronomy, I find it utterly inconceivable that planet earth is home to the only lifeforms in the universe.

Of course, along with my great optimism, I do recognize that there are risks and unknowns related to the future of Genetic Modification. There is even the potential that the science behind Genetic Modification could be used for Genetic Warfare. There is certainly the potential that the same science that creates a new humanity could be used to destroy large swathes of it. I can imagine an apocalypse that is not nuclear and grandiose, but genetic and nanoscopic.

Post-Humanism and the Search For Other Worlds

In the end, will humans be able to develop interplanetary travel and colonization in order to insure itself against such potential apocalyptic scenarios? It’s a subject that I am particularly concerned with, and is the core reason why I support NASA and the United States Space Program. As the world moves faster and the dangers become greater, it is imperative that we are able to save humanity even in the case of a state of mutually assured destruction.

If there truly is a Genetic Revolution on the horizon, it is vitally important that we use all of the resources we have available in order to make our dreams of space colonization a reality. Imagine a future so spectacular: A future where a multitude of post-human species advance outward from earth in order to colonize space like a rainbow across the galaxy.

This journey will be arduous and epic, as earthlings spread across the cosmos in order to find new viable homes and potentially interact with other life forms.

What Would Aliens Be Like?

Can you imagine how literally otherworldly that would be? If we found advanced aliens, would they have unlocked the key to eternity? Would we have done the same? There is no doubt that the first time that we make contact with an extraterrestrial species, they will come from worlds and cultures which are absolutely unimaginable in the face of everything that we have experienced.

I may have delved a bit into the realm of science fiction, but the future of humanity in the face of Genetic Modification has the potential to be every bit as exciting and otherworldly as the potential future that I just described. It instills a tremendous sense of fear, awe, and most importantly, unlimited potential.

Do You Think That You Could Handle Immortality?

If you ask the average person out on the street about the potential future afforded by Genetic Engineering, Advanced Longevity, and Immortality medicine, you’ll likely get a number of different responses, some positive, some negative, others simply incredulous. If you surveyed 100 people, I believe that you would find that the majority would ultimately reject the idea of immortality.

Some people think that eternity would take the excitement out of life. Others fear that they would eventually just become a broken shell of their former selves as their bodies physically decline in spite of science’s ability to prevent death. For many, the concept of eternity is just as fearsome as the concept of death itself. It’s not all that different from the way that people feel about retirement these days. They are frustrated because they have to work so hard all through the healthiest part of their lives only to be too frail and broken down by the time they retire to enjoy it.

Longevity Medicine and the Future

That’s why Longevity Medicine is so important. We want our retirement years to last as long as possible, and we want to be able to enjoy them. Maybe one day, we will be retired as long in our lives as we are at work, or longer! That’s what the approach to immortality will be like!

There are a growing number of people that are optimistic about a lengthy future. They understand that even with regard to a concept like immortality, life is the sum of individual experience. Some will take advantage of a life bordering on immortality, while others would simply choose to be boring. People that live lives full of happiness and vitality shouldn’t be deprived the opportunity to extend that joy, simply because there are others who wouldn’t appreciate it!

The arguments stemming from the subject of Human Immortality continue to become both more interesting and more complex, both for those that long for such a fate, and those that oppose the concept. No matter how you feel about the idea of Advanced Longevity, there is no doubt that such opportunities to live lives we now consider unimaginable will eventually come to pass.

As long as human beings are able to engage in scientific advancement without destroying ourselves or sending ourselves back to the stone age, such opportunities will present themselves to the human race in the near future.

Gene Therapy and Stem Cell Therapy: The First Steps to Hyperlongevity

The seeds of these future endeavors are being planted today, in the fields of gene therapy, genetic medicine, and stem cell therapy. This is also the core concept behind medical treatments which seek to optimize hormone production in the body in order to alleviate the medical conditions associated with hormone imbalance and aging.

Hormone Replacement Therapy: Streamline Your Body for the Future!

Treatments such as Testosterone Replacement Therapy, Sermorelin Acetate Therapy, and Bio-Identical Human Growth Hormone Replacement Therapy seek to correct common hormonal imbalances that occur as a result of the aging process. There is even a strong argument that these hormone imbalances are actually the root cause of many symptoms of aging, including frailty, osteoporosis, and cognitive decline.

There are many Health, Wellness, and Longevity Physicians that believe that these forms of Hormone Replacement Therapy are some of the must effective means to prolong a healthy and active life when used in combination with a healthy and conscientious lifestyle. These medical treatments are the best way to decrease your mortality risk so that you are more likely to experience the next great advancement in Anti-Aging Medicine.

If you feel that your quality of life has been on the decline as a result of changes in your body and mind resulting from the aging process, I strongly encourage you to get your hormone levels checked, because there is a significant chance that you may be suffering from a reversible form of hormone deficiency.

The Future of Human Genetic Engineering

This is truly an exciting time to be alive. We are quickly approaching the point at which scientific breakthroughs in health science will continue to occur at an ever-increasing pace, with groundbreaking new health advances occurring on a regular basis. The following years will be incredibly interesting, because there are a multitude of clinical trials regarding the promise and potential effectiveness of both gene therapy and stem cell therapy.

By 2012, these studies, and other similar studies, were already displaying high levels of potential to both treat and protect both animals and humans from disease. Beyond Hormone Optimization and Genetic Therapy, the next stage of advancement will most likely be in the field of nanomedicine. Beyond nanomedicine is femtomedicine.

At this stage of scientific inquiry, this is as far as even the most forward-thinking physician or philosopher could imagine, but there is no doubt as we create new medical treatments and expend our knowledge of medical science, new opportunities for advancement will be conceptualized that could be even more life-altering and fantastic than those that we just mentioned.

When you consider the future of medicine and longevity, you realize that human beings as they are now aren’t simply the end result of millions of years of evolution, but also a gateway to the next state of terrestrial life, a transitional state between what was and what will be, an opportunity to experience even greater consciousness and enlightenment by conquering time, itself.

What is the Idea Behind Human Immortality?

When we discuss the idea of human immortality, it doesn’t just mean allowing a human being to live forever, human immortality represents the idea that it will be possible, with future biomedical and genetic enhancements, for human beings to experience a practical immortality in which one is able to live as they were in the prime of their life, for all of their life.

It seems just as you master your body and your mind in the late twenties and early thirties, your body and mind start to enter a slow and unstoppable decline. What if you could preserve that period of physical and psychological perfection forever? It is during this period that the average person reaches his or her functional peak as an individual, with regard to strength, cognitive ability, immunity, and overall health.

How Much Better Would Life Be if You Lived to 200?

Think about how different and exciting that life would be if you could have the body and mind of a 29 year old for 120 years. There are a number of people that think that humans should not have this opportunity, but it sounds much better than spending the whole sum of those years in slow and steady decline.

How Much Better Would Life Be if You Could Live Indefinitely?

Immortalists subscribe to the belief that individuals that truly enjoy life and are creative or passionate enough to find interesting or fulfilling things to do would be able to easily take advantage of a significantly lengthened lifespan. I do understand how such a long life would feel to someone that lacks passion or imagination, however. I can imagine two hundred years of absolutely drudgery. If one does not have the propensity to invest or save to create wealth, I can imagine two hundred years of hard work with nothing to show for it.

With luck, a more automated world would allow us to enjoy our lives while actually working less. Imagine a world of eco-friendly machines could do the work of one hundred men. This could be a wonderful world of leisure for all, but it could also lead to a world where machines are used as a method of control and domination, like in Frank Herbert’s dystopian novel Dune.

The Temptation of Human Immortality

Whether the opportunity for Human Immortality comes in twenty years or two hundred years, there will be those that seek out the opportunity for such a life, and there will be those that choose to reject the opportunity for immortality.

The central question that Immortalists posit is a simple one: Why would anyone actually want to die or grow old? When you think of it that way, it sounds absolutely silly. Who would ever want to do such things? But in reality, it seems as though most human beings are resigned to such a fate.

Who Really Wants to Grow Old?

More than simply growing old, who wants to lose their lust for life or their libido? Who wants to experience their own body slowly deteriorate as they are beaten down by illness and disease? Human Immortalists are those that are willing to fight against what is perceived as inevitable by society at large. They believe that those that have resigned themselves to decay and death are simply not willing to imagine a post-human age where they could evolve beyond the inevitability of death.

It seems that many humans think of Human Immortalists as harbingers of doom which are going to bring about a new genocide. They believe that Immortalists are going against the will of God by altering the Human Genetic Code in an attempt to foster extreme lifespans, improved aesthetic, and vastly improved health outcomes.

The Great Schism of Humanity

There is a strong chance that a rift will develop between those that choose genetic alteration and those that choose to forgo such opportunities. In the end, it is likely that humanity will rift into two distinct groups. Over time, greater and greater numbers will opt for Genetic Modification, and those that opt out of such procedures may potentially lose footing in society as a result of their choice.

If modification indeed has the ability to create such disparity, genetically modified humans will spread their genes with one another, and their offspring may have greater potential for both prosperity and intellect, which will create a socioeconomic rift between GM Humans and Unmodified Humans.

Will Post-Humans be able to act ethically under these circumstances? Will Unmodified Humans be able to accept a place in the world where they are unequivocally inferior to their GM counterparts? This new world will be different and exciting, and it’s up to us to create a civil world where we can act in the best interest of all.

What Other Strange Opportunities May Become Available in the Future?

On top of our ability to vastly extend and improve our long-term health, the future will also provide us with enhanced opportunities with regard to personal aesthetic. We will not only be able to cure conditions such as psoriasis which plague millions in the world today, but many may choose to move beyond mere optimization and may choose to fully customize their appearance. Perhaps one may choose not to have olive or alabaster skin as many in society desire today, but go for a different color all together.

What if someone chose to color their skin orange, green, or blue? What if they wanted to be leopard print or covered in zebra stripes? This may appear otherworldly and unnatural to our minds, but when presented with an entire array of customization, what would be so strange about doing something like that to stand out? How different would it be to dying your hair blue or rainbow, if there were no dangers in undergoing such a change?

But, given enough time and scientific innovation, skin color and other basic augmentations like genetic breast and penis enlargement will be just another evolution in the concept of general aesthetic. The potential for more extreme changes would eventually become possible. What if humans wanted to take on the characteristics of animals? What if someone wanted the ears or tail of a cat, for example? There would even be the potential to do even more drastic things that we can barely imagine today.

Genetically Engineered Pets

These genetic advancements won’t occur in a human vacuum. They will also apply to animals as well. Today people are paying top dollar for basic genetically modified hypo-allergenic dogs, and glow-in-the-dark mammals have even been developed in laboratories.

In the future, it is likely that scientists will come up with scientific modifications which significantly enhance both the aesthetic and intelligence of animals. It’s even likely that animals will experience the benefits of genetic engineering more quickly than humans, as this future will largely be facilitated by means of animal testing.

The Post-Human Era Starts with Basic Genetic Engineering and Ends with Post-Humanism, Hyperlongevity, and Potential Immortality

You may not be able to tell, but we are already in the midst of the first phase of the Post-Human era. The beginning of this era was marked by the first time that egg and sperm from two different individuals was combined and implanted into an adoptive mother. It was such a grand event in retrospect, but the passing into this new era was not met with massive celebrations, but simply with concerns over the ethics of the new future.

Post-Humanity will have a litany of moral conundrums to unravel, some that we can imagine, and others that are unfathomable to us today. The state of the mortal mind is simply not equipped to handle the moral and ethical quandaries that the genetically modified mind will face. What if there are other lifeforms just like us in other parts of the galaxy, that have also learned to take control of their very existence on the cellular level? What if the number of unique alien civilizations in the universe is unlimited? What if we as earthlings are just one form of intelligent life among a countless litany of others?

The Current State of Genetic Modification and Gene Therapy

Today, scientists, researchers, and physicians are taking the first step into this future, with the quickly growing field of genetic therapy. We are on the cusp of doing some truly amazing things, like genetically altering viruses in order to protect humans from genetic disorders and conditions. At first, these initial treatments have been risky, reserved for those in most dire need, but as medical science becomes more well-versed in these therapeutic advancements, they will become safer and more widely available to the general public. Could you imagine reducing your risk of cancer by 80% just with a single injection? That may be the future for you.

The Current State of Organ Regeneration and Stem Cell Therapy

Another aspect of genetic therapy has to do with the advancing field of Stem Cell Therapy. There are new, state of the art treatments available which utilize stem cells in order to improve the health of the heart. Patients that have experienced heart attack or heart disease can be treated with stem cells which have the ability to develop into new and healthy muscle tissue.

Similar techniques have also been used in order to regenerate other parts of the body or parts of individual organs. In one famous case, scientists biomanufactured a windpipe for a patient with the patient’s own cells. They were able to do this by taking the stem cells and allowing them to grow in culture before pouring them over a scaffold in the shape of a windpipe. Just by providing the cells with the nutrients to grow, they were able to recreate a human windpipe in the laboratory just in a matter of days.

Because the windpipe was created from the patient’s own cells, the body did not reject the windpipe when it was surgically implanted into the body. This is one of the first successful cases where a patient’s life was changed through the scientific advancements of genetic organ replacement.

Stem Cell Therapy Will Be Available in the Near Future: Hormone Replacement Therapy is Here Today!

Stem Cell Therapy is exciting and will become increasingly common and popular over the next century in the United States. Today, there are a few places where Stem Cell Therapy is available internationally, especially in Asia, but they have yet to be medically certified, and there are still a number of pertinent risks involved. In the Western World, Stem Cell Treatments are currently going through clinical trials. Although the results are mixed, continual progress is being made.

There are many scientists that believe that Stem Cell Research will lead to a new future in medicine, but policies enacted during the presidency of George W. Bush have set the United States behind by at least a decade, and other nations in Europe and Asia are currently taking advantage of their head start, and may one day eclipse us in these new and futuristic medical therapies.

In just a few short years, genetic testing will become affordable enough that it will become a common and recommended part of prenatal care as well as regular checkups throughout the lifespan. Over time, more and more Genetic Disorders will be able to be effectively treated with Gene Therapy, and with every breakthrough, people will be that much more likely to live a longer and healthier life.

Once the clinical science is sound, it won’t even be a difficult ordeal for the patient. It would simply be like going to visit the pharmacist, or making a call to a specialist pharmacy. After receiving the medication, one will be able to administer the medication on his or her own and without the frequent oversight of a medical professional.

Not long after these Genetic Treatments are made available to the public, Stem Cell Therapies will quickly become more and more advanced as well. There are even companies that have expressed a desire to take your stem cells and develop them in a laboratory environment. The goal of this treatment would be to take your own stem cells and foster the healthiest cells to multiply. After these cultures are developed, they would be mailed back to you in order for you to inject them to alleviate health conditions and other symptoms related to the aging process.

Beyond Genetic Engineering and Stem Cell Therapies, will come new forms of medical treatment that we are just beginning to research today, but will surely flourish in the coming decades: nanomedicine and femtomedicine.

Nanoscience and the Healthcare of the Future

These are tiny, genetically engineered cellular machines that will be able to improve your health by altering the functions of your body in a positive manner. They will be able to repair and alter particular forms of cells so that they function optimally, even after a period of long life in which you would expect to see physiological breakdown. It is even believed that these treatments can also preserve and repair the brain itself! Isn’t that exciting?

There are countless people in the world that have a litany of big dreams, more than they could ever hope to accomplish in a single lifetime in some cases. They have these long checklists of things they want to do in their life, a whole wide world they want to explore. Some have an unquenchable thirst for knowledge, and want to read thousands of books or learn dozens of languages in their life.

There are countless more people that have spent their early lives living on the edge, and suffer from issues such as alcohol dependency or drug addiction which have harmed their bodies and their brains. With these forms of genetic and nanomedicine, it will be possible to repair the bodies and minds of these individuals, allowing them to make a fresh start. It is possible that addiction itself may become a historical curiosity as a result of these medical advances.

What Would Do If You Had 200 More Years to Live?

  • Would you learn to play multiple musical instruments?

  • Would you research for decades in order to write the perfect novel?

  • Would you visit every country on earth?

The number of dreams that humans have yearned for is nearly infinite, and most never live to achieve all of their dreams, if they achieve any of their dreams at all. If you are still alive in the near future, around 2032, you will be able to take full advantage of what Longevity Medicine and Anti-Aging Therapy have to offer!

Some time in the future, we will finally overcome the condition of aging. We will be able to prevent all illness and be able to live in perpetuity, as long as we don’t succumb to an accident or similar fate. This is the extreme vision of Immortality Medicine.

The First Immortals Could be Alive Today!

By the time we make it to the 22nd century, there will already be individuals that have taken the road to Hyperlongevity, and there will likely be millions of humans that have taken part in this great leap forward into Post-Humanism. They will not only be healthier, but smarter too, with further advances in Genetic Science that allow us to amplify the capacity of our brains.

As people continue to develop down this evolutionary road, will we even consider them humans anymore? They will represent a new version of humanity, and they will likely use a new term to define themselves, whether that be Neohuman or some other clever word or phrase.

I believe that this advance into Neohumanism will also lead to a new era in space travel and human colonization. With these extensive lifespans, many Neohumans will inevitably turn their eyes to the stars in a desire to find new worlds and discover new lands and extraterrestrial lifeforms. Brave Neohumans from all over the planet will take to interplanetary space vessels in order to colonize and experience new worlds and lands that are beyond the scope of human imagination.

Can I Live to Experience This New Era of Humanity?

All of the things we’ve discussed may seem incredibly exciting to you, but we understand that these innovations are going to come in the near future. If you want to take part in this grand human experiment, it’s important that you live long enough to seize these innovations as they come! There are steps you can take now to alleviate the negative symptoms of the aging process and increase your odds of experiencing the new, human revolution.

My suggestions will not ensure that you will live for the next twenty years or longer, but they will potentially drastically decrease your mortality risk so that you are able to seek out this new and exciting future that we have laid before you.

Today, the door to Neo-Humanism, Hyperlongevity, and even Human Immortality is slightly open, and there are many alive today that will experience these magnificent and life-altering advances.

Will You Take Advantage of the Advances of Hyper-Longevity and Anti-Aging Medicine? Are You Willing to Commit to a Longer and more Youthful Life?

It’s quite plain to see that we are at the crest of an event horizon, beyond which it will truly be possible to lengthen lifespans indefinitely. The most important thing is to breach that horizon. By taking steps to increase health and lifespan now, you allow yourself the opportunity to take care of further, greater medical enhancements down the road.

The most modern advances available today are in the form of Recombinant Hormone Replacement Therapies. By optimizing your hormone balance, you increase the odds that you will live long enough to experience the new, up-and-coming breakthroughs of the mid-21st century.

If you live just a few more years, new genetic medical treatments will become available which will significantly increase your lifespan. While you are enjoying the benefit of genetic medicine, researchers and medical scientists will advance and perfect Genetic Therapy and Stem Cell Therapy, allowing you to live even longer!

There are a number of Stem Cell and Gene Therapies going through clinical trials as you read this, which show great promise in preventing or treating serious illnesses which severely inhibit lifespan today. As the medical community becomes more adept at using these new tools for the purpose of treatment, they will begin to utilize these treatments as forms of Positive Medicine.

They will be able to treat patients before they even get sick in order to optimize their health and greatly improve lifespans as a result, because the incidence of illness will decline significantly. In addition, these same treatments will be able to streamline existing physiological processes, keeping the body physiologically stronger and more youthful. They will be able to tailor these treatments uniquely to the individual in order to give the best care to each individual patient.

Stay on the Cutting Edge of Longevity Medicine to Perpetually Extend the Human Lifespan

With each of these breakthroughs and treatments, we will come one step closer to Immortality. Eventually, scientists and researchers will crack the code of human life, and finally figure out how to allow us to truly live indefinitely. It may take 100 years or it may take 500 years to achieve true Immortality, but each life-extending advance will allow people to survive until the next great advance. Hyper-Longevity will eventually become a universal reality, barring accident, war, or any other form of life-ending catastrophe.

You may feel that this is a science fiction world that I am describing, but it very well may be possible for you to experience this all for yourself. It is estimated that at some point between 2032 and 2052 we will have perfected medical practices which allow us to live significantly longer lives than we do today. Those that are optimistic feel that we are just twenty years away from this era, while those that are more cautious suggest that fifty years would be a more reasonable estimate.

Twenty to fifty years may not seem like that long in scientific study, but in terms of your own life, it is a significant period of time. Are you willing to make the sacrifices now in order to experience Hyperlongevity in the near future?

Eight Ways to Extend Your Lifespan

There are a lot of steps that you can take in your life today in order to significantly increase the odds that you survive to experience this new and amazing future. If you follow the suggestions below, conscientiously, you will maximize your potential to extend your life until further longevity advances develop in the coming decades.

These eight factors have been shown to be most important when determining the length of an individual’s lifespan:

  • Nutrition

  • Exercise

  • Environment

  • Social Circles

  • Vice

  • Climate

  • Calorie-Restricted Diet

  • Hormone Replacement Therapy

The Diet of the 21st Century: Caloric Restriction and Fasting for a Longer Life

A recent article in Newsmax Health explained that the future of longevity isn’t fad dieting or strenuous exercise, but a Calorie-Restricted diet which manages metabolism and ensures a long and healthy life.

Over the last century, there have been more than twenty thousand studies regarding caloric restriction in animal species from around the globe. All of these studies have unequivocally shown that restricting the calories in an animal’s diet has the ability to significantly increase the lifespan, and the same appears to apply to human beings..

This may sound like a starvation diet at first, but conscientiously and significantly restricting calories in the human diet is a powerful means to a longer life. Of course, most people consume at least 1500 calories per day and some consume several thousand! But, it appears that the sweet spot for human longevity is quite a bit lower than that 1500 calorie threshold.

For those that are struggling with Caloric Restriction, especially those that are currently overweight, HCG Injections can help relieve the feeling of hunger associated with the initial phase of the diet in order to acclimate to their new dietary lifestyle more effectively.

At first it may seem counter-intuitive, that too much of the Bread of Life can actually shorten the lifespan, but that absolutely seems to be the case. A diet that provides high levels of nutrients through the consumption of a small number of calories is the number one way to increase human longevity effectively. Intermittent Fasting and Caloric Restriction slow down aging and also reduce the incidence of a wide variety of illnesses that plague so many in America today.

The Modern Media and the Culture of Food in the West

In the United States, as well as other countries in the West including the United Kingdom, children were raised in a reality in which starvation was one of the greatest evils of the 19th and 20th century. The various forms of media available all showed the terrible fates of so many who were denied the food needed to live. Nowhere is this imagery more vivid in Western Civilization than in the footage captured after the end of World War II as the true horrors of the Holocaust were revealed to the world at large.

During the Cold War we also experienced further evidence of the horrors of famine as communist Russia and China struggled with providing their populations with proper nutrition, leading countless to die of starvation over many decades. Today, on modern television, there are advertisements for charities throughout Africa and Asia which show the plight of the starving in these third world nations.

I do not mean to discount the real and significant struggles that those that came before us experienced in the not so distant past, but it had a powerful impact on food culture in the West, particularly the idea that it is better to eat too much than too little. In our elementary education and beyond, we are confronted with story after story of mass famine, and it seems that part of the way that we culturally appreciate our current abundance is by partaking in it.

This appreciation for our abundance has led directly to a culture of overeating that borders on obsession. In the West, we simply love our food too much, and the expansion of cuisine in the West has allowed anyone to get whatever they want, when they want it, whether they go to the grocery store, the pizza parlor, or the Chinese buffet.

A Culture of Overeating Develops into a Culture of Force Feeding

Throughout the twentieth century, we have always been taught that we need to eat every last bite on our plates. Often times, we were also strongly encouraged, if not forced, to go back for a second portion. In addition to this, the proliferation of soda drinks has led directly to a significant increase in the empty calories that the average American consumes.

As the twentieth century barreled on, parents on average had less time to cook and prepare meals at home, which led to the greater proliferation of both fast food and microwavable dinners, loaded with sugars, salts, and carbohydrates which increased our caloric consumption even more!

During this age, restaurants like Burger King and McDonald’s became the captains of the fast food industry, generating billions of dollars in profit funneling cheap calories into the mouths of men, women, and children all across the country.

Because of all these pressures to overeat, the longevity gains that people in the West experienced as a result of modernization all began to slip away, the combination of unhealthy eating and an increasingly sedentary lifestyle is threatening today’s generation with the prospect of living shorter lives than their parents on average!

The United States would be stronger in every way, if it could foster greater consciousness about the importance of eating smarter to eat longer. If we all just made the proactive decision to engage in a lifestyle of at least mild caloric restriction, it would both decrease the price of health care and allow the citizens of this nation to live longer, happier, and healthier lives.

Do You Dream of a Healthier, Happier Life? Contact the Conscious Evolution Institute Today!

If you are a man or woman over the age of thirty and currently live in the United States, the Conscious Evolution Institute can help you improve your health and longevity. We provide Doctor-Monitored Bio-Identical Hormone Replacement Therapy to patients all across the United States.

With just a simple phone call, we can arrange for you to meet with one of our affiliate physicians in order to set you on the road to a new you. We offer a variety of Hormone Replacement options, including Testosterone Replacement Therapy, Human Growth Hormone Injections, Sermorelin Acetate Injections, and HCG Injection Therapy for Weight Loss.

We also provide nutrition and lifestyle counseling in order to help you maximize the results of your treatment by choosing foods, supplements, and exercises that will get your body running on all cylinders!

If you feel that you may be a candidate for Hormone Replacement Therapy, don’t hesitate, call us today, and one of our friendly specialists will walk you through the process and answer any and all questions that you may have.

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Degrees in Biotechnology | How to Have a Biotechnology Career

Posted: September 19, 2018 at 12:48 pm

Biotechnology Careers At-a-Glance

The United States leads the pack in biotech revenue, market capitalization, and the number of public biotech companies, according to a 2015 report by Ernst & Young Global Limited. In 2007, three biotechnology companies made more than one billion dollars; by the end of 2014, that number had grown to 26, and there is no end in sight to the massive growth. Biotechnology careers can be found mainly in pharmaceutical companies including Gilead Sciences, Celgene, Biogen, and Regeneron, all companies named by Forbes among the top 10 biotech companies in the country.

People who choose biotech careers have several areas of specialization to choose from. A few options include working as an epidemiologist, microbiologist, biochemist, botany specialist, agricultural and food scientist or biomedical engineer. Graduates might wind up working in a laboratory, creating new seed lines, or in a vast field, testing new soil compositions. They might work to clone animals, develop new pharmaceutical drugs, create a bionic pancreas and so much more. No matter what the career path, it all begins with rigorous study and earning a biotechnology degree.

As with all statistics, salary numbers can be deceiving. There are two reasons why the numbers below should be taken into context.

First, biotechnology careers typically require a bachelors degree for entry, but the field is filled with people who also hold masters and doctoral degrees. For instance, 45 percent of the biomedical engineers who responded to an O*NET survey said a bachelors degree was sufficient; thirty-five percent needed a masters degree and a further 20 percent needed a doctorate. Those with advanced degrees typically have higher earning potential, which partially explains how some biomedical engineers can earn around $50,000 per year while others are clearing $140,000.

Second, there are multiple employers of the scientists listed below. Some of the most prominent are universities, which typically pay less than companies engaged in applied research. Companies make profits, which can be shared with employees; universities do not.

Working in the biotechnology field starts with the proper education. Though there are numerous pathways to the various professions, some steps to success are universal. Heres how to get there.

1

Begin with the right classes

Those interested in biotechnology careers can begin their journey by taking several biology or chemistry electives while in high school. Students should also look into pursuing courses that provide both high school and college credit, such as advanced placement.

2

Start with the bachelors degree

Once high school is over, its time to move into college and earn a bachelors degree in biology, biotechnology (if offered) or a closely related field. Though there are associate degrees in biology that will form a firm foundation for the bachelors, most entry-level positions in biotechnology will require at least a bachelors degree.

3

Get experience

Learning about the job and getting hands-on training in the field can look great on a resume, as well as provide students an opportunity to decide what area of biotechnology interests them the most. Some students choose internships during their college years, while others seek out part-time or full-time work with biotech companies or labs.

4

Pursue graduate studies

In many cases, biotechnology careers will require a graduate degree for advancement. Depending upon the chosen career path, students might need to embark on their masters degree or end up with a PhD in order to do the work they really want to do.

5

Stay up-to-date

Technology is always changing, growing and shifting. Some fields of biotechnology are moving so fast that they can literally change by the week. Thats why it is so important to stay up-to-date by subscribing to industry publications, becoming active in industry associations, keeping in touch with network contacts, and otherwise staying on top of what is happening in the field.

6

Seek out new opportunities in the field

Biotechnology careers offers quite a bit of overlap; for instance, a soil and plant scientist might choose to eventually work as an agricultural and food scientist, and their education might support both paths. Seeking out new opportunities to expand on a current profession is one of the perks of working in the field, and can lead to exciting possibilities.

Those who are interested in biotechnology will discover a dizzying array of possibilities for degrees; anything from the certificate to the PhD can be helpful during the career pursuit. In addition, many biotech degrees easily adapt to online study for students who dont have the ability to attend traditional classes. Heres an overview of which degrees might be more advantageous for certain situations.

I am excited to begin work in biotechnology. I need something that will allow me to get my foot in the door while giving me a strong foundation for graduate work.

I have been working in the field for years, but there are some points that I need to brush up on times have definitely changed these last few years, and Im ready to change with it. But leaving my job to go back to school is simply not an option, as finances would be too tight.

I already have my bachelors degree, but none of my classes focused on the high-level biology I need to know in order to move into the biotech field. I need to get a bit more education while I gain experience.

I definitely want to go into biotech but I have no idea where to begin. I want to test the waters a bit and leave my options open for changing my degree path when I find what I really want to do

I grew up on a farm and love working with animals. I want to be an animal scientist, so I can help make their lives better. Its a journey that will take some serious time and effort, but Im ready for the challenge.

Ive been working in the field for a while, but promotions and pay raises seem rather elusive one manager pointed out that my educational level is holding me back. Its time to remedy that problem.

Choosing the best biotechnology degrees can be tough, as there are so many options out there. However, the desired career path often provides clues to which degree might be best, as well as which level of educational attainment is expected. Heres what students can expect to learn from each.

There are two types of biotechnology certificate programs: Those that are designed for students who have completed their graduate studies and now need more specialized training, or those who have earned their bachelors degree but didnt get all the recommended courses to move into a biotech career. The latter scenario often applies to those who have earned their bachelors in another field but have now chosen a career change to the biotechnology field.

Most certificate programs take a year or less to complete, and are very focused on the particular educational path, with little to no general education courses. Some of the common courses in a certificate program include:

This course helps students understand structural organic chemistry, chemical thermodynamics, acid base chemistry, and reaction mechanisms.

Understanding of Lewis structures

Strategic use of reaction mechanisms

Knowledge of biological molecules and how they form and interact

Students will explore the ethical issues in biotechnology, including real-world case studies and current events in the field.

Applying philosophical theories to critical current issues

Conducting human experimentation in a compassionate and ethical manner

Ethical practices regarding animal testing

This class focuses on the regulatory approval process for drugs, foods, cosmetics and more.

Proper compliance with regulatory rules

Legal implications in regulatory issues

Ethical considerations when bring a new product to market

The associate degree in biotechnology prepares students to eventually move into the bachelors degree program. Though there are some employers who will accept students who have only the associate degree, many entry-level jobs do require the four-year education. The associate degree requires four years of study to complete, though some accelerated programs might allow completion in as little as 18 months. Some common courses found in the associate in biotech program include:

This course serves as an important overview for those who are interested in the biotech field, including a look at career options.

Use of safe laboratory procedures

Understanding the variety of potential careers and how they relate to each other

Applying the basics of biotech to day-to-day life

Students will learn quality assurance principles and how they relate to the biotech fields.

Understanding the differences in regulated and non-regulated work environments

Quality system usage, including Lean and Six Sigma

Theoretical views of quality assurance as applied to real-world events

Focuses on computational biology and bioinformatics as it relates to processes and end results.

Methods for high-volume data collection

Storing and accessing biological data

Use of common programs and algorithms to analyze data

For most careers in biotechnology including that of biomedical engineer, food scientist, microbiologist, plant and soil scientist, and agricultural engineer, among others a bachelors degree is required for entry-level work. The bachelors degree typically takes four years to complete and offers some opportunities for specialization through the use of electives under the biotechnology umbrella. Some classes that students can expect to take include:

Students explore the current research in biological science and analyze it according to biotechnology principles.

Critical analysis of current research

Use of scientific reasoning to make evaluative decisions

Understanding core biological concepts

Focus on the structure and function of cells, with an emphasis on eukaryotic cell biology.

Use molecular biology knowledge to draw research conclusions

Understand DNA replication and repair

The applications of genetic engineering

An in-depth look at safety procedures and proper management of laboratory spaces.

Management of personnel, space, inventory and equipment

Proper communications with stakeholders

Compliance with all safety and health regulations

The masters in biotechnology degree allows students to enhance their knowledge through a specialized curriculum. The masters in biotech is made up of a few core courses, which are then enhanced by electives that focus on the particular educational path a student wants to carve out for themselves. The masters degree takes two to three years to complete, depending upon the program. Many programs are available online, as schools recognize the need for a flexible schedule for those who are already working in the field.

Some courses that can be found at the masters level include:

Focuses on all the aspects of project management, such as working in teams, managing time, structuring projects and more.

Consideration of each phase of a project

Communicating with a wide variety of people involved in a project

Monitoring and controlling change

Students will learn the ins and outs of federal funding and regulations, writing grant proposals, and other sources of funding for research and development.

Students will study how to apply a comprehensive validation philosophy to new ventures in biotech.

Creating equipment or processes that are less prone to failure

Designing robust yet cost-effective projects

Creating validation documents in line with rules and regulations

The doctorate is the pinnacle of the biotechnology field, and offers students quite broad autonomy when choosing an original research project and focus of study. Those who intend to work with in-depth research or move into teaching will need to earn the PhD. Some professions require it, such as that of animal scientist or biophysicist. The doctoral program usually takes between three and four years to complete, though some schools allow up to eight years for completion of the dissertation. Some courses that might be found at the PhD level include:

Students will explore cutting-edge research areas and instruments, with a rotation that takes them through biomedical and biotechnology areas.

Familiarity with the latest technologies

Refresher on how to use instruments that considered out-of-date but might be advantageous for some projects

How to balance research between different laboratories and get the same results using different systems

Students will examine upper-level biotechnology or bio-engineering problems through the lens of equations and statistics.

High-level mathematics literacy

Advanced numerical methods

Refresher on statistical analysis

Students will engage in discussions with leaders in the field on current events and ethical issues that arise from the use of technology in the biological field.

Proper development of biological products

Conducting ethical biomedical research

Marketing and transparency in presenting new biotechnologies to the public

The U.S. biotech industry grew by just about every measure in 2014, according to Ernst and Youngs 2015 industry report. Revenue was up 29 percent, net income increased 293 percent and there were 164 more biotech companies than during the previous year. All of this meant one thing for jobs: There were a lot more of them. The industry added over 10,000 new jobs in 2014, which equates to a staggering 10 percent annual growth rate. Of course, not all of these jobs were for scientists and researchers many were for support staff one might find in any industry. Jobs specific to biotechnology involving research and development and manufacturing are outlined below.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) combines three related careers under the heading of agricultural and food scientist: animal scientist, food scientist and technologist, and soil and plant scientist. Although all have the ultimate task of improving farm productivity, they accomplish this in different ways. Each are discussed separately here.

Many people dont think of farming as being sophisticated. Seeds are planted, crops are watered, and eventually food is harvested. But it is an extraordinarily advanced field, and the largest farms are essentially food factories. Engineers are involved in research and development as well as manufacturing. They might oversee water supply and usage, design comfortable areas for the animals, and create machines that can efficiently harvest crops with minimal food loss. Agricultural engineers spend their time both in offices designing systems and on farms testing and applying those systems.

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Degrees in Biotechnology | How to Have a Biotechnology Career

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Nanotechnology – American Chemical Society

Posted: September 19, 2018 at 12:46 pm

October 9 is National Nanotechnology Day in honor of the nanometer scale, 10-9meters. The goal of Nano Day is to raise awareness of nanotechnology, how it is currently used in products that enrich our daily lives, and the challenges and opportunities it holds for the future.

Learn more and to see how ACS celebrated Nano Day 2017.

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Nanotechnology – American Chemical Society

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Brain Disorders and Therapy- Open Access Journals

Posted: September 19, 2018 at 12:45 pm

NLM ID: 101587502Index Copernicus Value: 62.25

Brain Disorders & Therapy is a peer reviewed scientific journal known for rapid dissemination of high-quality research. This Brain Disorders Journal with high impact factor offers an open access platform to the authors in academia and industry to publish their novel research. It serves the International Scientific Community with its standard brain research publications.

The journal is using Editorial Manager System for quality in the review process. Editorial Managing is an online manuscript submission, review and tracking systems. Review processing is performed by the editorial board members of Brain Disorders & Therapy or outside experts; at least two independent reviewers approval followed by the editor is required for the acceptance of any citable manuscript. Authors may submit manuscripts and track their progress through the system, hopefully to publication. Reviewers can download manuscripts and submit their opinions to the editor. Editors can manage the whole submission/review/revise/publish process.

Authors may submit manuscripts and track their progress through the system, hopefully to publication. Reviewers can download manuscripts and submit their opinions to the editor. Editors can manage the whole submission/review/revise/publish process. OMICS International is one of the leading Open Access Publishing houses, which has around 700 peer-reviewed journals, 10 million readers, 50,000 eminent and renowned Editorial Board members, and highly qualified, expert reviewers to meet the objectives of the Peer-Review Process and Organizes over 1000 Conferences every year throughout the world with support from 1000 more scientific societies.

Bipolar Affective is a psychological disorder that causes frequent mood swings in the affected individuals. This disorder is mostly characterized by elevation in mood (mania) or depression. There are two types of Bipolar disorder: Bipolar Disorder I and Bipolar Disorder II. Bipolar Disorder I is characterized by recurring manic and depressive episodes every day for a week. Bipolar Disorder II is characterized by major depressive episode and one episode of hypomania. Bipolar II disorder is not a milder form of bipolar I disorder, but a separate diagnosis. While the manic episodes of bipolar I disorder can be severe and dangerous, individuals with bipolar II disorder can be depressed for longer periods, which can cause significant impairment. BD patients are often suicidal.Related Journals of Bipolar Affective

Brain Disorders & Therapy, Bipolar Disorders, Bipolar Disorder: Open Access, Behavioural Neurology, Journal of Neurological Disorders, Behavioural Brain Research, Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology, Behaviour, Behavioural Processes, Behaviour Analysis Letters, Behavioural Pharmacology, Depression and Anxiety, Depression Research and Treatment, Anxiety

Uncontrolled cell division leads to tumor formation in brain and other parts of the body. Brain tumor can be caused by exposure to vinyl chloride or Epstein-Barr virus or ionizing radiation or due to neurofibromatosis. A primary brain tumor is one that originates in the brain, and not all primary brain tumors are cancerous; benign tumors are not aggressive. Malignant primary brain tumors are cancers that originate in the brain, typically grow faster than benign tumors, and aggressively invade surrounding tissue.Few symptoms are headaches, seizures, vision problems, nausea, inability to balance motor functions etc.Related Journal of Brain Tumor

Brain Disorders & Therapy, Brain Tumor Pathology, Oncology & Cancer Case Reports, Annals of Neurosciences, Cancer Surgery, Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports, Journal of Brain Tumors & Neurooncology, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Neurology and Neurosurgery, Frontiers of neurology and neuroscience, Academic Journal of Cancer Research

A weak spot on a blood vessel that leads to an outward bulging of the arterial wall in the brain is known as aneurysm. This condition is more prevalent in females than in males and may cause hemorrhagic stroke when they rupture leading to brain damage and death. Symptoms are: Headache, Dilated pupil, Blurred or double vision, Pain above and behind eye, Weakness and numbness, Difficulty in speaking.Brain aneurysms are often discovered when they rupture, causing bleeding into the brain or the space closely surrounding the brain called the subarachnoid space, causing a subarachnoid hemorrhage. Subarachnoid hemorrhage from a ruptured brain aneurysm can lead to a hemorrhagic stroke, brain damage and death.Related Journals of Brain Aneurysm

Brain Disorders & Therapy, Journal of Neurological Surgery, Journal of Brain Tumors & Neurooncology, Progress in Neurological Surgery, Journal of Spine, Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports, International Journal of Neurorehabilitation, European Neurology, Trauma & Treatment, Neurological Surgery, Current Opinion in Neurology, Brain Impairment

There are four basic forms of mood disorders: depression, cyclothymia (a mild form of bipolar disorder), seasonal affective disorder and mania. People with mood disorder have mood fluctuations. This affects their both their professional and personal life. Major depression is the most common mood disorder. This debilitating illness causes mental anguish and physical ailments. It often prevents normal daily function.Some people with depression may experience only one episode of major depression in a lifetime and most people go through multiple episodes.

Related Journals of Mood Disorders

Brain Disorders & Therapy, Depression Research and Treatment, Journal of Psychiatry, Depression and Anxiety, Bipolar Disorder: Open Access, Journal of Anxiety Disorders, Journal of Psychology & Psychotherapy, Cognitive Neuropsychology, Mental Illness and Treatment, Anxiety, Stress and Coping

Intellectual Disability is a neurodevelopmental disorder where intellectual and adaptive functioning is highly impaired. An individual with Intellectual Disability typically has an IQ score below 70. Intellectual functioning, refers to general mental capacity, such as learning, reasoning, problem solving, and so on.People with severe intellectual disability may experience seizures, mood disorders (anxiety, autism, etc.), motor skills impairment, vision problems, and/or hearing problems.People with intellectual disabilities can and do learn new skills, but they learn them more slowly.

Journals Related to Intellectual Disability

Brain Disorders & Therapy, Journal of Intellectual Disabilities, Autism-Open Access, Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, Journal of Child and Adolescent Behavior, Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, Journal of Neurological Disorders, Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology

Bipolar Disorder is otherwise known as Manic Despondency. Individuals with manic depression experience depression and mania from time to time. They often lose interest in a former pleasurable activity. When in manic phase, individuals often have high self-esteem and are ebullient. Identifying the problem and changing lifestyle is one of the best ways to cope up with manic depression.Because both depression and bipolar disorder share this commonality, somewhere between 10 to 25 percent of people with bipolar disorder are first mistakenly diagnosed with only depression. Its only when the professional learns more about the person and their history do they later discover episodes of either mania or hypomania.Related Journals of Manic Despodency

Brain Disorders & Therapy, Depression, Journal of Depression & Anxiety, Depression and Anxiety, Journal of Psychiatry, Depression Research and Treatment, Journal of Psychology & Psychotherapy, Journal of Comparative Psychology, International Journal of Emergency Mental Health and Human Resilience, Biological Psychology, Psychology and Neuroscience

A stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is reduced. This deprives the brain of oxygen and nutrients, which causes the death of brain cells. A stroke may be caused due to a blocked artery (ischemic stroke) or due to the leaking or bursting of a blood vessel (hemorrhagic stroke). Thrombotic stroke occurs when a blood clot forms in arteries which leads to reduced supply of blood to the brain.How a person is affected by their stroke depends on where the stroke occurs in the brain and how much the brain is damaged.People who have larger strokes may be permanently paralyzed on one side of their body or lose their ability to speak. Some people recover completely from strokes, but more than 2/3 of survivors will have some type of disability.Related Journals of Brain Stroke

Brain Scan methods allow neuroscientists to see inside the living brain. These methods help neuroscientists to understand the relationships between specific areas of the brain and their functions, to locate the areas of the brain that are affected by neurological disorder and to develop new strategies to treat brain disorders. CT scan. MRI, fMRI, PET scan etc. are common brain imaging methods.Certain types of brain scans use a special dye, called contrast, to help areas of interest show up better. Contrast dye is usually injected into the body before the scan starts. With the exception of those requiring an injection of contrast dye, scans are relatively painlesslike getting a picture taken. The hardest part for some people is to sit or lie still for a long time.Related Journals of Brain Scan

Brain Disorders & Therapy, Brain Imaging and Behavior, Journal of Medical Diagnostic Methods, Brain Imaging Methods, International Journal of Neurorehabilitation, Brain Research, Journal of Neurological Disorders, Brain Stimulation, Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology, Brain Topography, Journal of Neurological Disorders, NeuroImage

A prolonged state of unconsciousness is known as coma. A person is unresponsive to his or her environment during this time. The person cannot be awakened by any stimulation. Most common causes of coma are brain injury, brain stroke, brain swelling, blood sugar, brain infection, oxygen deprivation, seizures etc. Treatment of coma is different for different causes, if there is a brain infection, antibiotics are administered, Glucose is administered in an event of diabetic shock. Surgery may also be necessary to relieve the pressure on the brain due to swelling or to remove a tumor.Related Journals of Coma

Brain Disorders & Therapy, Experimental Neurology, International Journal of Neurorehabilitation, Frontiers in Neurology, Journal of Neurological Disorders, Frontiers of neurology and neuroscience, Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology, Journal of Neurological Disorders, Functional Neurology

Buildup of too much cerebrospinal fluid in the brain is known as hydrocephalus. Causes can include head injuries, strokes, infections, tumors, and bleeding in the brain and can occur at any age. Hydrocephalus can permanently damage the brain, leading to impaired physical and mental development. Treatment usually involves surgery.Related Journals of Hydrocephalus

Brain Disorders & Therapy,Trauma & Treatment, Experimental Neurology, International Journal of Neurorehabilitation, Frontiers in Neurology, Journal of Neurological Disorders, Functional Neurology, Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology, Journal of Neurological Disorders, Frontiers of neurology and neuroscience

A convulsion or seizureis the physical change in behavior that occurs after an episode of abnormal electrical activity in the brain. Sometimes it causes noticeable symptoms and sometimes it shows no symptoms at all. The symptoms of a severe seizure are often widely recognized, including violent shaking and loss of control. A seizure may be a one-time event, or may be a repeated event.Journals Related to Convulsion

Brain Disorders & Therapy,Epilepsy Journal, Seizure: European Journal of Epilepsy, Journal of Neurological Disorders, Journal of Epilepsy Research, Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology, Journal of Pediatric Epilepsy, Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology, Epilepsy Research and Treatment An Open Access Journal

Traumatic brain injury occurs when an external mechanical force causes brain to function abnormally. Mild traumatic brain injury may cause temporary dysfunction of brain cells. More serious traumatic brain injury results in bruising, torn tissues, bleeding and other physical damage to the brain which results in long-term complications or death.Journals Related to Brain Trauma/Injury

Brain Disorders & Therapy, The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, Trauma & Treatment, Journal of Neurotrauma, International Journal of Neurorehabilitation, Brain Injury, Journal of Neurological Disorders, Brain Research, Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology, Journal of Clinical Case Reports, Injury

Cognitive science is the scientific study of the human mind. It is a discipline that characterizes the nature of human knowledge, its forms and content and how that knowledge is acquired, processed, and used. Cognitive science consists of multiple research disciplines, including psychology, artificial intelligence, philosophy, neuroscience, linguistics, and anthropology.Journals Related to Cognitive Science

Brain Disorders & Therapy, Cognitive Computation, Autism-Open Access, Cognitive Neurodynamics, Journal of Child and Adolescent Behavior, Cognitive Science, Journal of Neurological Disorders, Cognitive Processing, Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology, Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience

Brain Disorders & Therapy is associated with our international conference “2nd Brain Disorders Conference” (Brain Disorders-2016) duringOct 27-29, 2016in Chicago, USAwith a theme “Rethinking the Brain: Spread Your Intellectual Insight in Comprehending Brain Disorders”. We are particularly interested in research in the areas of Fragile X in Adults, Dyslexia and Brain Injuries, Bipolar Disorder, Neurodegenerative Diseases, Mental Health Conditions, Child psychiatric disorders, Schizophrenia, Intracranial Hypertension, Encephalitis, Hydrocephalus, Meningitis, Autism, Sleep disorders and Epilepsy and Multiple Sclerosis.

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Brain Disorders and Therapy- Open Access Journals

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Pharmacogenomics | Definition of Pharmacogenomics by …

Posted: September 19, 2018 at 12:45 pm

: the science concerned with understanding how genetic differences among individuals cause varied responses to the same drug and with developing drug therapies to compensate for these differences The Human Genome Project heralds new opportunities for using genetic information to individualize drug therapy, called pharmacogenomics. Kathryn A. Phillips et al.

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Pharmacogenomics | Definition of Pharmacogenomics by …

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Neurology | UH Twinsburg Health Center | University …

Posted: September 19, 2018 at 12:44 pm

There is no publicly available rating for this medical professional because he or she either does not see patients or has not yet received the minimum number of Patient Satisfaction Reviews. To be eligible for display, we require a minimum of 30 surveys. This ensures that the rating is statistically reliable and a true reflection of patient satisfaction.

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Neurology | UH Twinsburg Health Center | University …

Recommendation and review posted by G. Smith

Stress and Infertility – WebMD

Posted: September 18, 2018 at 4:42 pm

Doctors offer insights on how daily stress can disrupt fertility — and how relaxation can help.

“You’re just trying too hard.”

“You’re too stressed. Just relax and it will happen.”

“You’ve got to calm down and let nature take its course.”

If you’ve been trying six months or more to get pregnant, you’ve probably lost count of the number of times well-meaning friends and family offered this or similar advice.

Though the idea that “trying too hard” was once a popular notion, dramatic advances in infertility treatments — particularly in the past decade — all but did away with that idea.

Now, however, the wheel has turned yet again, and doctors are once more looking to the idea that stress — and sometimes “trying too hard” — may actually play a role in up to 30% of all infertility problems.

“It’s becoming more and more important, in terms of what studies we do, to focus our efforts on the physiological effects of stress and how they may play a role in conception,” says Margareta D. Pisarska, MD, co-director of Center for Reproductive Medicine at Cedars Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles and editor-in-chief of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine News.

While doctors say that right now there aren’t enough data to draw a clear and obvious link, many believe it’s only a matter of time before we connect all the dots and see the bigger picture.

“What we do know now is that when stress-reduction techniques are employed, something happens in some women that allows them to get pregnant when they couldn’t get pregnant before,” says Allen Morgan, MD, director of Shore Institute for Reproductive Medicine in Lakewood, N.J.

While the exact pathways between fertility and stress remain a mystery, Morgan believes hormones like cortisol or epinephrine — which rise and often remain high during times of chronic stress — play a key role.

Morgan says that it’s also possible that reducing stress may help enhance proteins within the uterine lining that are involved in implantation. She says that stress reduction may increase blood flow to the uterus, which also affects conception.

Pisarska tells WebMD that the effects of stress may be different for each woman.

“Stress may cause one set of reactions in one woman, and something else in another, so ultimately the reasons behind how or why stress impacts fertility may also be very individual,” says Pisarska.

While doctors may not know the exact links between stress and fertility, a series of studies shows the impact is hard to ignore.

In research published in the journal Human Reproduction, doctors compared pregnancy rates in couples that reported being stressed and those who were not.

What they found: Pregnancy was much more likely to occur during months when couples reported feeling “good” — happy and relaxed. It was less likely to occur during the months they reported feeling tense or anxious.

But it’s not just natural (unassisted) pregnancies that are affected. In research published in Fertility and Sterility in 2005, experts at the University of California at San Diego reported that stress may play a role in the success of infertility treatments, including in vitro fertilization (IVF).

After administering a series of questionnaires designed to measure patients’ stress levels, the researchers found that women who scored highest — indicating the highest levels of stress — had ovulated 20% fewer eggs compared with women who were less stressed.

Moreover, of those who were able to produce eggs, those who were most stressed were 20% less likely to achieve fertilization success.

Advances in infertility treatments are such that for nearly every block causing infertility, there is a 60% to 70% chance that a medical fix can turn those baby-making odds around, says Jamie A. Grifo, MD, PhD, director of the division of reproductive endocrinology at the NYU Medical Center in New York City. He says “even if stress is causing a problem — such as poor-quality eggs — there are medications and procedures that can help.”

However, for up to 40% of couples, no discernable reason for infertility can be found. And it is in this group that Morgan believes the effects of stress are most profound.

“Twenty years ago the rate of unexplained infertility was between 10% and 20%. Today I see up to 40%. Women’s bodies aren’t different, but their stress levels are, and combined with the ticking of the biological clock, I believe it sets the stage for infertility,” says Morgan.

Moreover, doctors say often the stress of actually undergoing infertility treatments can be so great it can stop even the most successful procedures from working.

“The whole process of undergoing fertility treatment is pretty nerve racking, partly because it’s a series of hurdles that must be jumped at each step of the way. It’s a period of time that in and of itself is very stressful,” says Dorothy Greenfeld, MSW, director of behavioral services at the Yale Fertility Center of Yale University.

If you already have problems with stress, she says, the treatments themselves can definitely turn your tension up a notch or two.

While it may be a while before the pathway between stress and infertility is clear, what is known right now is that reducing stress levels seems to help.

Some research in this area shows that, for many women, acupuncture could hold the key.

In studies conducted in Germany and published in the journal Fertility and Sterility, women enrolled in an infertility program underwent acupuncture treatments just prior to and just after an embryo transfer into the uterus — the final step in an in vitro fertilization procedure.

The result: Compared to women who did not have the acupuncture treatment, those who did had a significantly higher rate of pregnancy — 42.5% compared with 26.3% in the group not having acupuncture.

“I don’t think we know if acupuncture actually reduces stress but it may help counterbalance some of the effects of stress on the reproductive system,” says Grifo, who indicates that at least three studies thus far have proven its benefits on fertility.

Other studies have found that for some women, massage may hold another key to reducing infertility stress. In research published in the International Journal of Neuroscience in 2004, doctors found that massage therapy worked to decrease the body’s physical signals of stress, including heart rate and brain waves.

And while it wasn’t tested on infertility patients, Morgan feels so strongly that it will make a difference, he recently launched his own study to test the impact of lower body massage therapy on women undergoing infertility treatments,

“The first group is receiving a gentle form of massage therapy on their feet and legs just prior to either an insemination or an embryo transfer; the matched group is going straight into treatment without any stress-reducing therapy,” says Morgan.

While he says it’s still too early to predict results, he suspects the outcome may definitely favor massage therapy.

At Grifo’s center at New York University, infertility patients are routinely referred to in-house programs that offer both guided imagery and foot reflexology, all in an effort to reduce stress.

“We’re not studying it in a scientific way, but we offer it and we recommend it, and the women who become involved seem to feel better, and that’s what matters most to us. If it helps the quality of life for patients seeking fertility treatments, that’s a very big thing,” says Grifo.

Of course the one thing experts say probably won’t help reduce stress in your life is hearing people tell you to relax. In fact, experts say it could even generate more stress.

“I never want to tell patients to just ‘relax’ because you can’t tell a person who’s already nervous to stop being nervous. That just isn’t helpful,” says Greenfeld.

What she does recommend, however, is for each woman to look into her own life and try to find tiny spaces where she can give her body and her mind a respite from the stresses of every day living.

Says Greenfeld: “Don’t just try to relax because you think that it’s going to help you get pregnant. But do relax just because it feels good, because it’s comfortable, and because when you do feel good, you’re healthier overall, and that can never be a bad thing for conception.”

SOURCES: Margareta Pisarska, MD, co-director, Center for ReproductiveMedicine, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles; editor-in-chief,American Society for Reproductive Medicine News. Allen Morgan, MD,director, Shore Institute for Reproductive Medicine, Lakewood, N.J. Jamie A.Grifo, MD, PhD, director, division of reproductive endocrinology, NYU MedicalCenter, New York. Dorothy Greenfeld, MSW, director of behavioral services, YaleFertility Center of Yale University, New Haven, Conn. Sanders, K.A. HumanReproduction, Oct 1997; vol 12: pp 2324-2329. Klonoff-Cohen, H.Fertility and Sterility, April 2004; vol 8. Paulus, W. Fertilityand Sterility, April 2002; vol 77. Diego, M, Journal ofNeuroscience, 2004; vol 114: pp. 31-45.

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Stress and Infertility – WebMD

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