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Category Archives: Machine Learning
As businesses and organizations strive to manage ever-growing volumes of data and, even more important, derive value from that data, they are increasingly turning to data engineering and machine learning tools to improve and even automate their big data processes and workflows.
As part of the 2021 Big Data 100, CRN has compiled a list of data science and machine learning tool companies that solution providers should be aware of. While most of these are not exactly household names, some, including DataRobot, Dataiku and H2O, have been around for a number of years and have achieved significant market presence. Others, including dotData, are more recent startups.
This week CRN is running the Big Data 100 list in slideshows, organized by technology category, with vendors of business analytics software, database systems, data management and integration software, data science and machine learning tools, and big data systems and platforms.
(Some vendors market big data products that span multiple technology categories. They appear in the slideshow for the technology segment in which they are most prominent.)
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The Coolest Data Science And Machine Learning Tool Companies Of The 2021 Big Data 100 - CRN
Can machine learning help save the whales? How PNW researchers use tech tools to monitor orcas – GeekWire
Aerial image of endangered Southern Resident killer whales in K pod. The image was obtained using a remotely piloted octocopter drone that was flown during health research by Dr. John Durban and Dr. Holly Fearnbach. (Vulcan Image)
Being an orca isnt easy. Despite a lack of natural predators, these amazing mammals face many serious threats most of them brought about by their human neighbors. Understanding the pressures we put on killer whale populations is critical to the environmental policy decisions that will hopefully contribute to their ongoing survival.
Fortunately, marine mammal researchers like Holly Fearnbach of Sealife Response + Rehab + Research (SR3) and John Durban of Oregon State University are working hard to regularly monitor the condition of the Salish Seas southern resident killer whale population (SKRW). Identified as J pod, K pod and L pod, these orca communities have migrated through the Salish Sea for millennia. Unfortunately, in recent years their numbers have dwindled to only 75 whales, with one new calf born in 2021. This is the lowest population figure for the SRKW in 30 years.
For more than a decade, Fearnbach and Durban have flown photographic surveys to capture aerial images of the orcas. Starting in 2008, image surveys were performed using manned helicopter flights. Then beginning in 2014, the team transitioned to unmanned drones.
As the remote-controlled drone flies 100 feet or more above the whales, images are captured of each of the pod members, either individually or in groups. Since the drone is also equipped with a laser altimeter, the exact distance is known making calculations of the whales dimensions very accurate. The images are then analyzed in whats called a photogrammetric health assessment. This assessment helps determine each whales physical condition, including any evidence of pregnancy or significant weight loss due to malnourishment.
As a research tool, the drone is very cost effective and it allows us to do our research very noninvasively, Fearnbach said. When we do detect health declines in individuals, were able to provide management agencies with these quantitative health metrics.
But while the image collection stage is relatively inexpensive, processing the data has been costly and time-consuming. Each flight can capture 2,000 images with tens of thousands of images captured for each survey. Following the drone work, it typically takes about six months to manually complete the analysis on each seasons batch of images.
Obviously, half a year is a very long time if youre starving or pregnant, which is one reason why SR3s new partnership with Vulcan is so important. Working together, the organizations developed a new approach to process the data more rapidly. The Aquatic Mammal Photogrammetry Tool (AMPT) uses machine learning and an end-user tool to accelerate the laborious process, dramatically shortening the time needed to analyze, identify and categorize all of the images.
Applying machine learning techniques to the problem has already yielded huge results, reducing a six-month process to just six weeks with room for further improvements. Machine learning is a branch of computing that can improve its performance through experience and use of data. The faster turnaround time will make it possible to more quickly identify whales of concern and provide health metrics to management groups to allow for adaptive decision making, according to Vulcan.
Were trying to make and leave the world a better place, primarily through ocean health and conservation, said Sam McKennoch, machine learning team manager at Vulcan. We got connected with SR3 and realized this was a great use case, where they have a large amount of existing data and needed help automating their workflows.
AMPT is based on four different machine learning models. First, the orca detector identifies those images that have orcas in them and places a box around each whale. The next ML model fully outlines the orcas body, a process known in the machine learning field as semantic segmentation. After that comes the landmark detector which detects the rostrum (or snout) of the whale, the dorsal fins, blowhole, shape of the eye patches, fluke notch and so forth. This allows the software to measure and calculate the shape and proportions of various parts of the body.
Of particular interest is whether the whales facial fat deposits are so low they result in indentations of the head that marine biologists refer to as peanut head. This only appears when the orca has lost a significant amount of body fat and is in danger of starvation.
Finally, the fourth machine learning model is the identifier. The shape of the gray saddle patch behind the whales dorsal fin is as unique as a fingerprint, allowing each of the individuals in the pod to be identified.
There are a lot of different kinds of information needed for this kind of automation. Fortunately, Vulcan has been able to leverage some of SR3s prior manual work to bootstrap their machine learning models.
We really wanted to understand their pain points and how we could provide them the tools they needed, rather than the tools we might want to give them, McKennoch said.
As successful as AMPT has been, theres a lot of knowledge and information that has yet to be incorporated into its machine learning models. As a result, theres still the need to have users in-the-loop in a semi-supervised way for some of the ML processing. The interface speeds up user input and standardizes measurements made by different users.
McKennoch believes there will be gains with each batch they process for several cycles to come. Because of this, they hope to continue to improve performance in terms of accuracy, workflow and compute time to the point that the entire process eventually takes days, instead of weeks or months.
This is very important because AMPT will provide information that guides policy decisions at many levels. Human impact on the orcas environment is not diminishing and if anything, is increasing. Overfishing is reducing food sources, particularly chinook salmon, the orcas preferred meal. Commercial shipping and recreational boats continue to cause injury and their excessive noise interferes with the orcas ability to hunt salmon. Toxic chemicals from stormwater runoff and other pollution damage the marine mammals health. Ongoing monitoring of each individual whale will be critical to maintaining their wellbeing and the health of the local marine ecosystem.
Vulcan plans to open-source AMPT, giving it a life of its own in the marine mammal research community. McKennoch said they hope to extend the tool so it can be used for other killer whale populations, different large whales, and in time, possibly smaller dolphins and harbor seals.
Join Transform 2021 this July 12-16. Register for the AI event of the year.
(Reuters) Apple on Monday said it will establish a new campus in North Carolina that will house up to 3,000 employees, expand its operations in several other U.S. states and increase its spending targets with U.S. suppliers.
Apple said it plans to spend $1 billion as it builds a new campus and engineering hub in the Research Triangle area of North Carolina, with most of the jobs expected to focus on machine learning, artificial intelligence, software engineering and other technology fields. It joins a $1 billion Austin, Texas campus announced in 2019.
North Carolinas Economic Investment Committee on Monday approved a job-development grant that could provide Apple as much as $845.8 million in tax reimbursements over 39 years if Apple hits job and growth targets. State officials said the 3,000 jobs are expected to create $1.97 billion in new tax revenues to the state over the grant period.
The iPhone maker said it would also establish a $100 million fund to support schools in the Raleigh-Durham area of North Carolina and throughout the state, as well as contribute $110 million to help build infrastructure such as broadband internet, roads, bridges and public schools in 80 North Carolina counties.
As a North-Carolina native, Im thrilled Apple is expanding and creating new long-term job opportunities in the community I grew up in, Jeff Williams, Apples chief operating officer, said in a statement.
Were proud that this new investment will also be supporting education and critical infrastructure projects across the state.
Apple also said it expanded hiring targets at other U.S. locations to hit a goal 20,000 additional jobs by 2026, setting new goals for facilities in Colorado, Massachusetts and Washington state.
In Apples home state of California, the company said it will aim to hire 5,000 people in San Diego and 3,000 people in Culver City in the Los Angeles area.
Apple also increased a U.S. spending target to $430 billion by 2026, up from a five-year goal of $350 billion Apple set in 2018, and said it was on track to exceed.
The target includes Apples U.S. data centers, capital expenditures and spending to create original television content in 20 states. It also includes spending with Apples U.S.-headquartered suppliers, though Apple has not said whether it applies only to goods made in those suppliers U.S. facilities.
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Apple will focus on machine learning, AI jobs in new NC campus - VentureBeat
Machine learning security vulnerabilities are a growing threat to the web, report highlights – The Daily Swig
Security industry needs to tackle nascent AI threats before its too late
As machine learning (ML) systems become a staple of everyday life, the security threats they entail will spill over into all kinds of applications we use, according to a new report.
Unlike traditional software, where flaws in design and source code account for most security issues, in AI systems, vulnerabilities can exist in images, audio files, text, and other data used to train and run machine learning models.
This is according to researchers from Adversa, a Tel Aviv-based start-up that focuses on security for artificial intelligence (AI) systems, who outlined their latest findings in their report, The Road to Secure and Trusted AI, this month.
This makes it more difficult to filter, handle, and detect malicious inputs and interactions, the report warns, adding that threat actors will eventually weaponize AI for malicious purposes.
Unfortunately, the AI industry hasnt even begun to solve these challenges yet, jeopardizing the security of already deployed and future AI systems.
Theres already a body of research that shows many machine learning systems are vulnerable to adversarial attacks, imperceptible manipulations that cause models to behave erratically.
BACKGROUND Adversarial attacks against machine learning systems everything you need to know
According to the researchers at Adversa, machine learning systems that process visual data account for most of the work on adversarial attacks, followed by analytics, language processing, and autonomy.
Machine learning systems have a distinct attack surface
With the growth of AI, cyberattacks will focus on fooling new visual and conversational Interfaces, the researchers write.
Additionally, as AI systems rely on their own learning and decision making, cybercriminals will shift their attention from traditional software workflows to algorithms powering analytical and autonomy capabilities of AI systems.
Web developers who are integrating machine learning models into their applications should take note of these security issues, warned Alex Polyakov, co-founder and CEO of Adversa.
There is definitely a big difference in so-called digital and physical attacks. Now, it is much easier to perform digital attacks against web applications: sometimes changing only one pixel is enough to cause a misclassification, Polyakov told The Daily Swig, adding that attacks against ML systems in the physical world have more stringent demands and require much more time and knowledge.
Read more of the latest infosec research news
Polyakov also warned about vulnerabilities in machine learning models served over the web such as API services provided by large tech companies.
Most of the models we saw online are vulnerable, and it has been proven by several research reports as well as by our internal tests, Polyakov. With some tricks, it is possible to train an attack on one model and then transfer it to another model without knowing any special details of it.
Also, you can perform CopyCat attack to steal a model, apply the attack on it and then use this attack on the API.
Most machine learning algorithms require large sets of labeled data to train models. In many cases, instead of going through the effort of creating their own datasets, machine learning developers search and download datasets published on GitHub, Kaggle, or other web platforms.
Eugene Neelou, co-founder and CTO of Adversa, warned about potential vulnerabilities in these datasets that can lead to data poisoning attacks.
Poisoning data with maliciously crafted data samples may make AI models learn those data entries during training, thus learning malicious triggers, Neelou told The Daily Swig. The model will behave as intended in normal conditions, but malicious actors may call those hidden triggers during attacks.
RELATED TrojanNet a simple yet effective attack on machine learning models
Neelou also warned about trojan attacks, where adversaries distribute contaminated models on web platforms.
Instead of poisoning data, attackers have control over the AI model internal parameters, Neelou said. They could train/customize and distribute their infected models via GitHub or model platforms/marketplaces.
Unfortunately, GitHub and other platforms dont yet have any safeguards in place to detect and defend against data poisoning schemes. This makes it very easy for attackers to spread contaminated datasets and models across the web.
Attacks against machine learning and AI systems are set to increase over the coming years
Neelou warned that while AI is extensively used in myriads of organizations, there are no efficient AI defenses.
He also raised concern that under currently established roles and procedures, no one is responsible for AI/ML security.
AI security is fundamentally different from traditional computer security, so it falls under the radar for cybersecurity teams, he said. Its also often out of scope for practitioners involved in responsible/ethical AI, and regular AI engineering hasn't solved the MLOps and QA testing yet.
Check out more machine learning security news
On the bright side, Polyakov said that adversarial attacks can also be used for good. Adversa recently helped one of its clients use adversarial manipulations to develop web CAPTCHA queries that are resilient against bot attacks.
The technology itself is a double-edged sword and can serve both good and bad, he said.
Adversa is one of several organizations involved in dealing with the emerging threats of machine learning systems.
Last year, in a joint effort, several major tech companies released the Adversarial Threat ML Matrix, a set of practices and procedures meant to secure the machine learning training and delivery pipeline in different settings.
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Thanks to advanced technology, consumers can now access, spend, and invest their money in safer ways. Lenders looking to win new business should apply technology to make processes faster and more efficient.
Artificial intelligence has transformed the way we handle money by giving the financial industry a smarter, more convenient way to meet customer demands.
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Machine learning helps financial institutions develop systems that improve user experiences by adjusting parameters automatically. It's become easier to handle the extensive amount of data related to daily financial transactions.
Machine learning and AI are changing how the financial industry does business in these ways:
The need to enhance fraud detection and cybersecurity is no longer an option. People pay bills, transfer money, trade stocks, and deposit checks through smartphone applications or online accounts.
Many businesses store their information online, increasing the risk of security breaches. Fraud is a major concern for companies that offer financial services--including banks--which lose billions of dollars yearly.
Machine learning and artificial intelligence technologies improve online finance security by scanning data and identifying unique activities. They then highlight these activities for further investigation. This technology can also prevent credential stuffing and credit application fraud.
Cognito is a cyber-threat detection and hunting software impacting the financial space positively. Its built by a company called Vectra. Besides detecting threats automatically, it can expose hidden attackers that target financial institutions and also pinpoint compromised information.
Making Credit Decisions
Having good credit can help you rent an apartment of your choice, land a great job, and explore different financing options. Now more than ever, many things depend on your credit history, even taking loans and credit cards.
Lenders and banks now use artificial intelligence to make smarter decisions. They use AI to accurately assess borrowers, simplifying the underwriting process. This helps save time and financial resources that would have been spent on humans.
Data--such as income, age, and credit behavior--can be used to determine if customers qualify for loans or insurance. Machine learning accurately calculates credit scores using several factors, making loan approval quick and easy.
AI software like ZestFinance can help you to easily find online lenders, all you do is type title loans near me. Its automated machine learning platform (ZAML) works with companies to assess borrowers without credit history and little to no credit information. The transparent platform helps lenders to better evaluate borrowers who are considered high risk.
Many businesses depend on accurate forecasts for their continued existence. In the finance industry, time is money. Financial markets are now using machine learning to develop faster, more exact mathematical models. These are better at identifying risks, showing trends, and providing advanced information in real time.
Financial institutions and hedge fund managers are applying artificial intelligence in quantitative or algorithmic trading. This trading captures patterns from large data sets to identify factors that may cause security prices to rise or fall, making trading strategic.
Tools like Kavout combine quantitative analysis with machine learning to simultaneously process large, complex, unstructured data faster and more efficiently. The Kai Score ranks stocks using AI to generate numbers. A higher Kai Score means the stock is likely to outperform the market.
Online lenders and other financial institutions can now streamline processes thanks to faster, more efficient tools. Consumers no longer have to worry about unnecessary delays and the safety of their transactions.
About The Author:
Aqib Ijaz is a content writingguru at Eyes on Solution. He is adept in IT as well. He loves to write on different topics. In his free time, he likes to travel and explore different parts of the world.
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3 Applications of Machine Learning and AI in Finance - TAPinto.net
The world today has joined hands with advanced technologies like AI and machine learning and is progressing at a rapid pace. The advent of these technologies has almost made a world without them, unimaginable. Artificial intelligence and machine learning have invaded every sector that can be thought of and have shown substantial transformation and revolution in them.
The pandemic today has left us no choice but to adapt to a digital and technological culture. While AI and ML hold the promises of changing the world for good, they also empower the skilled ones to mint money to the point of becoming a millionaire. Here is how:
Studying artificial intelligence and machine learning has become crucial to being a member of big IT sectors and Silicon Valley companies. Truth be told, the field of artificial intelligence and machine learning is not everybodys cup of tea owing to its complex operations and algorithms.
Besides the fact that the fields are fantasised, there are several other reasons why honing skills in AI and machine learning can make you economically rich and stable.
1. AI-driven gadgets are taking over human workforce
As already mentioned that the improvements, advancements and success are getting as higher as the sky, they have now started to replace human work force. The pandemic has mandated remote working for humans but someone has to be there in the office to look after the operations. This objective is now achieved with machines.
2. Use of automation in manufacturing and supply chain management
Automation is rising in fashion and is fished upon by manufacturing companies, and service providers of supply chain management programs.
The manufacturing sector and companies have suffered immensely when business operations where brought into a halt. It found itself drowning when work resumed. Employees assigned to the back office had to handle plethora of work simultaneously, inevitably being erroneous. Additionally, limitless responsibility tended to tire them out, hindering the quality and flow of work.
3. Robotics are taking over the world
Be it defence or any other sector or discipline, robotics play a significant role. Nations are excelling at designing humanoids that can not only mimic human intelligence but can also carry out appropriate business decisions.
The importance and need for artificial intelligence and machine learning cannot be re-iterated enough number of times. Their importance supports the fact why being strongly armed with skills in AI and ML can not only help one land in a promising career but also bring fat salaries as rewards.
There are varied ways to learn machine learning and artificial intelligence. These days, kids mostly enrol themselves into virtual courses that offer extensive training on machine learning and artificial intelligence.
Grasping an in-depth learning about artificial intelligence and machine learning cannot be done all by the self. It is suggested to opt for virtual courses available for a proper training in AI and ML.
Artificial intelligence companies and the companies engulfed in machine learning always have all eyes and ears for the ones who have mastered skills in these domains. The famous companies namely, Google, Apple and Microsoft believe that the AI and ML skilled personalities can renovate and improve the future of AI.
These companies are ready to disburse huge amounts in the accounts of their employees in exchange of efforts from them that are potent to burnish and eliminate the pain points, setting the company on the path of success.