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Brain freeze: New path to immortality – Times of India

SERGIEV POSAD ( RUSSIA ): When Alexei Voronenkovs 70-year-old mother passed away, he paid to have her brain frozen and stored in the hope breakthroughs in science will one day be able to bring her back to life. It is one of 71 brains and human cadavers which Russian company KrioRus calls its patients floating in liquid nitrogen in one of several metres-tall vats in a corrugated metal shed outside Moscow.'; var randomNumber = Math.random(); var isIndia = (window.geoinfo && window.geoinfo.CountryCode === 'IN') && (window.location.href.indexOf('outsideindia') === -1 ); console.log(isIndia && randomNumber They are stored at -196Celsius (-320.8F) with the aim of protecting them against deterioration, although there is currently no evidence science will be able to revive the dead. I did this because we were very close and I think it is the only chance for us to meet in the future, said Voronenkov who intends to undergo the procedure, known as cryonics, when he dies. The head of the Russian Academy of Sciencess Pseudoscience Commission, Evgeny Alexandrov, described cryonics as an exclusively commercial undertaking that does not have any scientific basis, in comments to a newspaper. KrioRus says hundreds of potential clients from nearly 20 countries have signed up for its after-death service. It costs $36,000 for the whole body and $15,000 for brain alone for Russians, who earn average monthly salaries of $760, according to statistics. Prices are higher for non-Russians.Voronenkov said he set his hopes on science. I hope one day it reaches a level when we can produce artificial organs to create an artificial body where my mothers brain can be integrated.

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Russian company will freeze your brain in the hopes of reviving you in the future with better tech – Firstpost

ReutersJan 15, 2020 09:42:25 IST

When Alexei Voronenkovs 70-year-old mother passed away, he paid to have her brain frozen and stored in the hope breakthroughs in science will one day be able to bring her back to life.

It is one of 71 brains and human cadavers which Russian company KrioRus calls its patients floating in liquid nitrogen in one of several metres-tall vats in a corrugated metal shed outside Moscow.

They are stored at -196 degrees Celsius (-320.8F) with the aim of protecting them against deterioration, although there is currently no evidence science will be able to revive the dead.

I did this because we were very close and I think it is the only chance for us to meet in the future, said Voronenkov who intends to undergo the procedure, known as cryonics, when he dies.

A Russian company will freeze your brain or your entire body in the hopes of reviving you when the tech is available. Image credit: Friso Gentsch/Getty Images

The head of the Russian Academy of Sciences' Pseudoscience Commission, Evgeny Alexandrov, described cryonics as an exclusively commercial undertaking that does not have any scientific basis, in comments to the Izvestia newspaper.

It is a fantasy speculating on peoples hopes of resurrection from the dead and dreams of eternal life, the newspaper quoted him as saying.

Valeriya Udalova, KrioRuss director who got her dog frozen when it died in 2008, said it is likely that humankind will develop the technology to revive dead people in the future, but that there is no guarantee of such technology.

KrioRus says hundreds of potential clients from nearly 20 countries have signed up for its after-death service.

It costs $36,000 for a whole body and $15,000 for the brain alone for Russians, who earn average monthly salaries of $760, according to official statistics. Prices are slightly higher for non-Russians.

The company says it is the only one in Russia and the surrounding region. Set up in 2005, it has at least two competitors in the United States, where the practise dates back further.

Voronenkov said he set his hopes on science. I hope one day it reaches a level when we can produce artificial bodies and organs to create an artificial body where my mothers brain can be integrated.

KrioRus director Udalova argues that those paying to have dying relatives remains preserved are showing how much they love them.

They try to bring hope, she said. What can we do for our dying relatives or the ones that we love? A nice burial, a photo album, she said. They go further, proving their love even more.

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Holistic health opportunities are coming to Newport News – Williamsburg Yorktown Daily

Cryo17 will host an event on Tuesday to introduce new holistic health products. (WYDaily/Google)

New opportunities for holistic health care practices are coming to Newport News.

Cryo17, a cryotherapy spa, is hosting a grand re-opening ribbon cutting on Tuesday to celebrate its new merger with True Found Wellness.

True Found Wellness is a holistic wellness service founded by Jill Reece, a registered nurse, according to the companys website.

Greg Moxley, owner of Cryo17, said the company is excited to offer the new services from True Found Wellness and introduce their customers to new insights and methods of holistic health practices.

Currently, the business mainly serves cryotherapy to guests, which helps with anti-inflammation and pain reduction in a number of ways, he said. Cryotherapy uses cryogenics, which is taking nitrogen in a liquid form and turning it into a gas.

Guests stand in a machine similar to a standing tanning bed and the gaseous nitrogen is pumped into the area for one to three minutes on three varying levels of cold. Moxley said this technique helps increase blood flow in cells, provides joint pain relief and has other positive effects such as burning calories.

Moxley said it functions similar to how athletes would take an ice bath for a half an hour, but instead they can just stand in the machine for a couple of minutes.

The company is offering more products in addition to the traditional cryotherapy.

The event on Tuesday will help the company promote new products such as BEMER, which is technology that sends electromagnetic waves through the body, Moxley said.

I love the technology and I believe firmly in it, Moxley said. I tell people its an ingredient in the fountain of youth. Its part of a holistic approach to a longer and better life.

The event is sponsored by the Retail Alliance, a Hampton Roads nonprofit serving local retailers. Moxley said there is already expected to be at least 40 people attending but he believes even more will show up. There will be speakers from other small businesses in the area in addition to speakers from Cryo17 and True Found Wellness.

Tuesdays event will be at 1047 J. Clyde Morris Blvd.in Newport News at 5:30 p.m. It is free and open to the public. To learn more, visit Cryo17 online.

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Where is series 23 of Silent Witness filmed? – Radio Times

Each new series of Silent Witness sees the team sent off to brand-new locations, and in 2020 there are lots more in store.

According to producer Lawrence Till, series 23 will feature everything from a plane crash to a cryogenics centre, as well as chemical labs and army barracks and idyllic villages.

Heres what you need to know

Silent Witness starts off very dramatically this year, with a business jet plunging from the skies and crashing into the trees, tearing itself apart and killing multiple pilots and passengers. Its such a big-scale stunt, in fact, that David Caves (Dr Jack Hodgson) has compared it to a Bond film.

The crash kicks off a double bill called Deadhead. And while our forensics experts team up with the police and the Air Accidents Investigation Branch (AAIB) to work out what happened, theres also a personal angle for Dr Nikki Alexander (Emilia Fox); one of the crash victims is the former US ambassador who also happens to be friends with her boyfriend, Matt Garcia (Michael Landes).

The plane interior was filmed atShoot Aviation Ltdin Maidenhead, a facility which handles a ton of the aviation-related scenes youll see on TV and in movies from The Capture to the Kingsman movies to Wonder Woman 84, Cold Feet, the Night Manager, Black Mirror, and many more.

Shoot Aviation Ltd was also used to film the interior of the hangar in Farnborough, where the AAIBs Jess Fisher (Emma Cunliffe) and her team of experts have collected all the pieces of the private jet and laid them out to help with their investigation.

The actual crash site and the debris field which we see still smouldering when the Lyell team arrive at the scene was filmed around Shoot Aviation HQ in Maidenhead, in nearby fields and woodland.

The episode also includes scenes set in a hotel, which were filmed at the Clayton Hotel on Chiswick High Road in London, and hospital scenes filmed at Guys Hospital.

A sequence showing Nikkis boyfriend Matt at the airport was filmed at Heathrow Terminal 2.

The Lyell Centre is located in a warehouse at BBC Park Western in Acton, where a permanent set was built seven years ago.

This is now official Silent Witness HQ with the art and props departments based in the building and ready to provide fake blood and cadavers on demand.

Well be providing more news on filming locations as series 23 continues

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Where is series 23 of Silent Witness filmed? - Radio Times

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Where is series 23 of Silent Witness filmed? – RadioTimes

Each new series of Silent Witness sees the team sent off to brand-new locations, and in 2020 there are lots more in store.

According to producer Lawrence Till, series 23 will feature everything from a plane crash to a cryogenics centre, as well as chemical labs and army barracks and idyllic villages.

Heres what you need to know

Silent Witness starts off very dramatically this year, with a business jet plunging from the skies and crashing into the trees, tearing itself apart and killing multiple pilots and passengers. Its such a big-scale stunt, in fact, that David Caves (Dr Jack Hodgson) has compared it to a Bond film.

The crash kicks off a double bill called Deadhead. And while our forensics experts team up with the police and the Air Accidents Investigation Branch (AAIB) to work out what happened, theres also a personal angle for Dr Nikki Alexander (Emilia Fox); one of the crash victims is the former US ambassador who also happens to be friends with her boyfriend, Matt Garcia (Michael Landes).

The plane interior was filmed atShoot Aviation Ltdin Maidenhead, a facility which handles a ton of the aviation-related scenes youll see on TV and in movies from The Capture to the Kingsman movies to Wonder Woman 84, Cold Feet, the Night Manager, Black Mirror, and many more.

Shoot Aviation Ltd was also used to film the interior of the hangar in Farnborough, where the AAIBs Jess Fisher (Emma Cunliffe) and her team of experts have collected all the pieces of the private jet and laid them out to help with their investigation.

The actual crash site and the debris field which we see still smouldering when the Lyell team arrive at the scene was filmed around Shoot Aviation HQ in Maidenhead, in nearby fields and woodland.

The episode also includes scenes set in a hotel, which were filmed at the Clayton Hotel on Chiswick High Road in London, and hospital scenes filmed at Guys Hospital.

A sequence showing Nikkis boyfriend Matt at the airport was filmed at Heathrow Terminal 2.

The Lyell Centre is located in a warehouse at BBC Park Western in Acton, where a permanent set was built seven years ago.

This is now official Silent Witness HQ with the art and props departments based in the building and ready to provide fake blood and cadavers on demand.

Well be providing more news on filming locations as series 23 continues

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Where is series 23 of Silent Witness filmed? - RadioTimes

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It’s chilly here: Lowest temperature at Fermilab reached in equipment for dark matter experiment – Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory

After riding in a cage with nickel miners, walking down drifts and stopping at the dry, SuperCDMS scientists enter their shotcrete igloo of discovery deep underground.

Translating this out of mining lingo: After taking an elevator down a two-kilometer mineshaft with nickel miners, Fermilab scientists walk through nearly two more kilometers of tunnels and then shower and change before entering the white-walled cavern that will house the Super Cryogenic Dark Matter Search, an experiment that will look for dark matter particles with masses ranging from half to 10 times the mass of a proton.

Dark matter, thought to make up approximately 85% of matter in the universe, emits no light and interacts rarely with normal matter. These characteristics make it difficult to detect, and only through very sensitive experiments such as SuperCDMS might it be possible to directly observe.

This summer, Fermilab scientists Matt Hollister and Dan Bauer will make this journey themselves to install the new SuperCDMS dilution refrigerator at SNOLAB near Sudbury, Ontario, Canada.

Fermilab scientist Matt Hollister works on the worlds largest dry dilution fridge, which will be used for the SuperCDMS experiment at SNOLAB. Image: Reidar Hahn, Fermilab

The coldest place at Fermilab

This development is made possible by a milestone reached in late October: SuperCDMS scientists cooled their dilution refrigerator, often just called a fridge, down to 5.3 millikelvin, only a few thousandths of a kelvin above absolute zero.

The temperature we reached is the lowest ever achieved at Fermilab and is one of the lowest ever achieved with a modern, commercially built fridge, said Matt Hollister, the main designer for the SuperCDMS cryogenic system.

To put this temperature into perspective, the coldest air ever recorded on Earth was 184 kelvins (around minus 89.2 degrees Celsius), logged at the Soviet Vostok Station in Antarctica in 1983. Outer space has a temperature of 2.7 kelvins (minus 270 degrees Celsius).

Extreme cold isnt new for SuperCDMS scientists, who have run their experiments at successively lower temperatures over the past few decades to achieve new levels of sensitivity and precision in their data. SuperCDMS SNOLAB will be approximately 50 times more sensitive to low-mass dark matter particles than its previous iteration, which took data 700 meters underground at Soudan Underground Laboratory in northern Minnesota.

SuperCDMS SNOLAB should be able to see the vibrations, or phonons, caused by a single dark matter particle bouncing off a nucleus or the electrons in the detector, said Bauer, lead SuperCDMS scientist at Fermilab.

SuperCDMS SNOLAB detectors are made of germanium and silicon and will be approximately 50 times more sensitive to dark matter particles than the experiments previous iteration, SuperCDMS Soudan. Photo: Andy Freeberg, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Temperatures that hover just above absolute zero are critical if SuperCDMS is to detect dark matter. The colder the crystals in the dark matter detectors, the easier it will be to spot vibrations caused by dark matter particles. Its kind of like stepping outside during a Chicago winter with only a lightweight jacket. Just as people are more likely to notice you shivering if its 20 below rather than above freezing, so too are dark matter detectors more likely to spot a dark matter particle at lower temperatures.

Before they could begin searching for dark matter particles, though, the scientists needed a fridge.

Dilution fridges 101

The SuperCDMS SNOLAB dilution fridge arrived at Fermilab earlier this year from Leiden Cryogenics, a company based in the Netherlands. With twisting gold and copper tubes of various shapes and sizes adorning successively smaller platforms, the fridge looks like a tiered chandelier that delicately balances two fluids helium-3 and helium-4.

Helium-3 and helium-4 are isotopes of helium that behave not unlike oil and water. At high temperatures, they stay mixed, but as the temperature is lowered, they separate. In SuperCDMS, helium-3 pumped into the fridge encounters helium-4 sitting at the bottom of the fridge. In a spontaneous quantum mechanical phase change, helium-3 evaporates into the helium-4 by pulling heat from a nearby energy source: the fridge itself. This phase change cools the fridge and its detectors when the helium-3 gets pumped out of the fridge.

The SuperCDMS fridge does not need expensive liquid cryogens and does not require nearly as much maintenance as older dilution refrigerators. As an added bonus, the adjacent gas exchange system that helps dissipate heat stored in the helium-3 also removes impurities, making the cooling process more efficient and sustainable long-term.

This panoramic view shows the Fermilab cleanroom for the SuperCDMS experiment. Pictured are lead SuperCDMS scientist Dan Bauer and senior technical specialist Mark Ruschman. Photo: Reidar Hahn, Fermilab

A fridge unlike any other

The fridge for SuperCDMS in its previous iteration at Soudan in Minnesota never dipped below 12 millikelvin. Getting colder for SuperCDMS SNOLAB required overcoming significant challenges. In fact, designing a system that would even workat such low temperatures for long periods of time was difficult.

To lower the backgrounds seen by its detectors, SuperCDMS scientists decided to house them several meters away from the fridge itself and link them thermally.

This decision led to some thought-provoking questions. Namely, how do you transfer heat away from the detectors in subkelvin temperatures when the fridge and the detectors are so far apart?

Because there are so few people doing this kind of work, we couldnt turn to the literature to see how a particular material will perform, Hollister said.

Fermilab scientists spent several years designing and testing components such as a copper cryostat and thermal joints that would thermally connect the fridge and the detectors, making advances in materials science along the way.

Hopefully others will find our work useful as well, Hollister said.

There are also practical concerns for day-to-day operations, like the fact that SNOLAB is located in an active nickel mine. Because science is folded into the mining schedule, the scientists typically go down to SNOLAB and return to the surface at prearranged times. One consequence of this regimented schedule is that scientists and SNOLAB must coordinate well in advance what work needs to be done and when.

You dont have the access that you would if you were doing an experiment at Fermilab, Bauer said. You have to do a lot more planning to make sure your experiment is robust. You have to make sure that nothing will happen if the power goes off, for example, because you just cant get down there all the time.

From Fermilab to SNOLAB

With the fridge up and running at Fermilab, scientists must now plan the trip north to its new home near Sudbury, Ontario,in Canada.

After running checks to make sure that heat flows out of the fridge efficiently, scientists will disassemble the fridge at Fermilab and reassemble it at SNOLAB. Then, theyll run it underground for several months next summer to check that the move didnt affect its performance. Finally, they will integrate it with the rest of the experiment, which receives contributions from three DOE national laboratories as well as universities and partner institutions in the United States, Canada, France, the United Kingdom and India.

Thats when the scientists will start collecting data.

Everybody really wants to get SuperCDMS SNOLAB operating, Bauer said. Its going to be fun. Now that all the changes weve made to improve upon SuperCDMS Soudan are being realized, were all eager to get back in the game to find dark matter.

Fermilab is a DOE national laboratory supported by the Office of Science. Construction of SuperCDMS SNOLAB is managed by DOEs SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory for the international SuperCDMS collaboration. SuperCDMS also receives funding from the National Science Foundation, Canada Foundation for Innovation and SNOLAB.

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It's chilly here: Lowest temperature at Fermilab reached in equipment for dark matter experiment - Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory

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