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Cryonics During the Pandemic – The New York Times

When an 87-year-old Californian man was wheeled into an operating room just outside Phoenix last year, the pandemic was at its height and medical protocols were being upended across the country.

A case like his would normally have required 14 or more bags of fluids to be pumped into him, but now that posed a problem.

Had he been infected with the coronavirus, tiny aerosol droplets could have escaped and infected staff, so the operating team had adopted new procedures that reduced the effectiveness of the treatment but used fewer liquids.

It was an elaborate workaround, especially considering the patient had been declared legally dead more than a day earlier.

He had arrived in the operating room of Alcor Life Extension Foundation located in an industrial park near the airport in Scottsdale, Ariz. packed in dry ice and ready to be cryopreserved, or stored at deep-freeze temperatures, in the hope that one day, perhaps decades or centuries from now, he could be brought back to life.

As it turns out, the pandemic that has affected billions of lives around the world has also had an impact on the nonliving.

From Moscow to Phoenix and from China to rural Australia, the major players in the business of preserving bodies at extremely low temperatures say the pandemic has brought new stresses to an industry that has long faced skepticism or outright hostility from medical and legal establishments that have dismissed it as quack science or fraud.

In some cases, Covid-19 precautions have limited the parts of the body that can be pumped full of protective chemicals to curb the damage caused by freezing.

Alcor, which has been in business since 1972, adopted new rules in its operating room last year that restricted the application of its medical-grade antifreeze solution to only the patients brain, leaving everything below the neck unprotected.

In the case of the Californian man, things were even worse because he had died without completing the normal legal and financial arrangements with Alcor, so no standby team had been on hand for his death. By the time he arrived at Alcors facility, too much time had elapsed for the team to be able to successfully circulate the protective chemicals, even to the brain.

That meant that when the patient was eventually sealed into a sleeping bag and stored in a large thermos-like aluminum vat filled with liquid nitrogen that cooled it to minus 320 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 196 Celsius), ice crystals formed between the cells of his body, poking countless holes in cell membranes.

Max More, the 57-year-old former president of Alcor, said that the damage caused by this patients straight freeze could probably still be repaired by future scientists, especially if there was only limited damage to the brain, which is often removed and stored alone in what is known in the trade as a neuro preservation.

I have always been signed up for a neuro myself, Mr. More said. I dont really understand why people want to take their broken-down old body with them. In the future itll probably be easier to start from scratch and just regenerate the body anyway.

The important stuff is up here as far as I am concerned, he said, pointing to his sandy-blond crop of hair in a Zoom call. That is where my personality lives and my memories are all the rest is replaceable.

Supporters of cryonics insist that death is a process of deterioration rather than simply the moment when the heart stops, and that rapid intervention can act as a freeze frame on life, allowing super-chilled preservation to serve as an ambulance to the future.

They usually concede there is no guarantee that future science will ever be able to repair and reanimate the body but even a long shot, they argue, is better than the odds of revival zero if the body is turned to dust or ashes. If you are starting out dead, they say, you have nothing to lose.

During the pandemic, a heightened awareness of mortality seems to have led to more interest in signing up for cryopreservation procedures that can cost north of $200,000.

Perhaps the coronavirus made them realize their life is the most important thing they have and made them want to invest in their own future, said Valeriya Udalova, 61, the chief executive of KrioRus, which has been operating in Moscow since 2006. Both KrioRus and Alcor said they had received a record number of inquiries in recent months.

Jim Yount, who has been a member of the American Cryonics Society for 49 years, said he has often seen health crises or the death of a loved one bring cryonics to the front of peoples minds.

Something like Covid brings home the fact that they are not immortal, said Mr. Yount, 78, during a recent stint working in the organizations office in Silicon Valley.

The American Cryonics Society has been offering support services since 1969 but stores its 30 cryopreserved members at another organization, the Cryonics Institute, near Detroit.

Alcor, the most expensive and best-known cryonics company in the United States, said the pandemic forced it to cancel public tours of its Scottsdale operation. It has also been harder to reach clients quickly, both because of travel restrictions and limitations on hospital access.

Usually we like to get to the hospital beforehand if we have advance notice that the patient is terminal so we can talk to the staff, get to know the layout and how we are going to get the patient out of there as quickly as possible, said Mr. More, who is now a spokesman for Alcor.

The company stocked up on chemicals at the start of the pandemic, he said, but actually we dodged a bullet for our members because fortunately we have had very few deaths.

After averaging about one cryopreservation a month in the 18 months before the pandemic, Alcor has dealt with just six since January 2020, perhaps through a combination of luck and clients heeding the companys plea to avoid risky activities during the pandemic.

KrioRus, the only operator with cryostorage facilities in Europe, was busier than ever and performed nine cryopreservations during the pandemic, according to Ms. Udalova, with some of the deaths caused indirectly by Covid.

Visa and quarantine rules threatened delays of up to four weeks to reach their bodies, and the company often had to rely on small local associates to deal with its clients, who died in South Korea, France, Ukraine and Russia.

Different problems have emerged in Australia, which has had some of the worlds most restrictive Covid border controls.

Southern Cryonics, a start-up, was unable to fly in foreign experts to train its staff, forcing it to delay by a year the planned opening of a facility capable of storing 40 bodies.

In China, the newest major player in cryonics, the Yinfeng Life Science Research Institute had to stop public visits to its facility in Jinan, the capital of Shandong province, which has made it difficult to recruit clients.

More than 50 years after the first cryopreservations, there are now about 500 people stored in vats around the world, the great majority of them in the United States.

The Cryonics Institute, for instance, holds 206 bodies while Alcor has 182 bodies or neuros of people aged 2 to 101. KrioRus has 80, and there are a handful of others held by smaller operations.

The Chinese performed their first cryopreservation in 2017, and Yinfengs storage vats hold only a dozen clients. But Aaron Drake, the clinical director of the company, who moved to China after seven years as head of Alcors medical response team, noted that it took Alcor more than three times as long to reach that number of preserved bodies.

Yinfeng has priced itself at the top of the market alongside Alcor, which charges $200,000 to handle a whole body and $80,000 for a neuro.

Alcor has the largest number of people who have committed to paying its fees: 1,385, from 34 countries. (Fees are often funded with life insurance policies.) The Chinese have about 60 customers who have committed, while KrioRus said it has recruited 400 customers from 20 countries.

The Cryonics Institute has a different business model, charging basic fees as low as $28,000 with up to $60,000 more required if the members want transport and rapid standby teams like Alcors.

KrioRus is even cheaper, although it plans to raise its fees when it completes its current move from a corrugated metal warehouse 30 miles northeast of Moscow to a much larger facility being built in Tver, 105 miles northwest of the capital.

Alcors fees are so much higher mostly because the company places $115,000 of its whole body fee in a trust to guarantee future care of its patients, such as topping up the liquid nitrogen. That trust is managed by Morgan Stanley and is now worth more than $15 million.

Mr. Drake said he believes the Chinese are hopeful that they will be able to outpace the American companies and they have built a program capable of doing that.

The strongest reason for believing China will come to dominate the field is not just its population of 1.4 billion people but its domestic attitude toward cryopreservation. Far from being confined to the scientific fringe, Yinfeng is the only cryonics group that is supported by government and embraced by mainstream researchers.

Our little business unit is owned by a private biotech firm that has about 8,000 employees and partners with the government on a lot of projects, Mr. Drake said. He added that it is well integrated into the hospital systems and cooperates with research institutes and universities.

The cooperation in China is a long way from the situation in Russia, where Evgeny Alexandrov, the chair of a Commission on Pseudoscience started by the official Academy of Sciences, has derided cryonics as an exclusively commercial undertaking that does not have any scientific basis.

In the United States, the Society of Cryobiology, whose members study the effects of low temperatures on living tissues for procedures such as IVF, adopted a bylaw in the 1980s threatening to expel any member who took part in any practice or application of freezing deceased persons in anticipation of their reanimation.

The societys past president Arthur Rowe wrote that believing cryonics could reanimate somebody who has been frozen is like believing you can turn hamburger back into a cow, while another past president said the work of cadaver freezers edged more toward fraud than either faith or science.

The society has since eased off, and while its formal position is that cryonics is an act of speculation or hope, not science, it no longer bans its members from the practice.

Mr. More at Alcor said there is much less hostility from the medical and scientific establishments now than just five years ago, when there was often tension between rapid response teams and hospitals.

It was quite common for us to show up at a hospital, try to explain what were doing and they would say, You want to do what? Not in my hospital you dont! he said.

They wouldnt let us in, so we would have to wait outside and it would slow things down, but that just doesnt happen anymore. Usually the staff have seen one of the documentaries on science channels and they know something about what we do.

Typically the reaction now is: Oh, this is fascinating, Ive never seen this happen.

Peter Tsolakides, 71, a former marketing executive for Exxon Mobil and a founder of the Australian start-up Southern Cryonics, said he is grateful that people in the country tend to have an open mind about new things.

I dont think any public resistance will crop up here, and the state department of health has been really positive and helpful, he said.

An important difference between Yinfeng and most other operators is the Chinese firms greater willingness to preserve people who die without having expressed any interest in being put on ice.

This is seen as an important ethical question in the West, given that it could come as quite a shock for somebody to die, perhaps after coming to peace with their fate, only to wake up blinking at the ceiling lights of a laboratory a few decades or centuries later.

We dont like to take third-party cases, Mr. More said. If someone phones up and says, Uncle Fred is dying, I want to get him cryopreserved, we need to ask a bunch of questions before we even consider accepting that case.

Is there any evidence that Uncle Fred actually was interested in being cryopreserved? Because if not, we dont want to do it. Are there any family members who are really opposed to it? Because we dont want to have to go into a legal battle.

The litigious bent in the United States make its cryonics firms especially twitchy. There have been many lawsuits by relatives of the deceased trying to stop the expensive cryonics procedure.

You have relatives who think, Now youre dead, I can overrule your wishes and just take your money, Mr. More said. Its amazing how often people try to do that.

The relatives of one client failed to inform Alcor that he had died and instead had him embalmed and buried in Europe. When Alcor found out a year later, it confirmed that his contract said he wanted to be cryopreserved no matter how much time had elapsed, so the company got a court order and had the body returned to Arizona.

Mr. Drake said that the primacy that Western society places on an individuals choice in such cases is a big difference with Eastern culture.

In China it has to do with what the family members want, just like with medical treatments, he said. Lets say Grandpa gets cancer in China. Many times they wont even tell Grandpa he has cancer, and the other family members will decide what treatments should be done.

They might then say, Lets have Grandpa cryopreserved, and it has to be a unanimous agreement of the whole family but not including the individual who actually goes through it.

Ms. Udalova said the Russian system is somewhere in the middle. Somebody who dies without leaving written proof of their intentions can still be cryopreserved if two witnesses testify that is what the deceased wanted.

That may help explain an intriguing difference in the gender balance of people who have been preserved.

Men outnumber women by almost three to one among Alcors clients, and the imbalance is even greater among people registered with the Australian start-up. But there is an almost even gender balance among KrioRuss 80 patients.

That is because of a cultural situation here in Russia, Ms. Udalova said from her office in northern Moscow.

Our clients are mostly men, but they often cryopreserve their mothers first, because Russian men are brought up only by their mothers.

When those male clients eventually join their mothers in the firms metal vats, the gender balance will likely tip toward more men, she said.

The Chinese, like the Russian men who want to embark on any new life with their mothers by their side, are also baffled by the tendency of American men to plan a solo journey into the future.

In the States you get some family members signing up together, but you get a lot more individuals signing themselves up and the Chinese dont really get that, Mr. Drake said.

I think in almost all the cases in China so far, youve had a family member signing up their loved one who is near death.

If waking up alone in the future does not appeal, there is a growing trend in the United States of people paying tens or even hundreds of thousands of dollars to cryopreserve their pets, with the cost based largely on the animals size.

If you want us to do your horse it is going to be different from your cats brain, Mr. More said. We seem to be having more pets than humans at the moment, and thats fine with dogs but its kind of tricky for cats and anything smaller because of their tiny blood vessels.

If you want to store a whole big dog, thats going to cost about as much as a human because of its size. My wife and I had our dog Oscar cryopreserved. He was a large golden doodle, but we basically just had his brain stored to make it more affordable because Im in neuro anyway.

In Russia, KrioRuss preserved cats and dogs have been joined by five hamsters, two rabbits and a chinchilla.

To smooth the jolt of trying to resume life in the future, most cryonics firms offer to store keepsakes, memory books and digital discs to help a revived patient rebuild memories or simply cope with nostalgia. Alcor uses a salt mine in Kansas for storage and is also working on options for putting money into a personal trust to finance a future life.

A final edge the Chinese cryonicists enjoy is a more accommodating cultural environment, as Western religions tend to be more focused on the concepts of heaven and hell, and the body and brains being merely the repositories of an eternal soul rather than machines that can be switched off and on.

Mr. More, for one, has little patience with religious critics of cryonics. Where in the Bible or the Quran, or the Bhagavad Gita does it say, Thou shalt not do cryonics? It doesnt. In fact in the Bible there are some people living for centuries.

Remember, he added, we are not talking about letting people live forever, just maybe a few hundred years more, and thats nothing compared to eternity.

When Christians complain that they would not like to be dragged back from heaven by having their body revived, Mr. More reminds them that they may be traveling from the other direction.

Are you sure youre not going downstairs? he asks. And if so, dont you want an escape clause? Cryonics might give you a chance to come back and do some good works so you will have a better chance of getting to heaven.

Ms. Udalova in Moscow said some of her clients cover their bases by opting for both cryonics and a church funeral.

Russian priests always agree to do the religious service, she said. You just have dry ice in the coffin in the church.

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Cryonics During the Pandemic - The New York Times

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News – Cryonics: Alcor Life Extension Foundation

In a recent informal survey, I asked what terms people preferred to indicate not only that you want to live not only longer than average, but longer than the current human maximum. That term or another might also be used to indicate that you support an organized effort to enable anyone who wants it to live possibly centuries or more in excellent health. Saying, I want to live longer does not convey the intended meaning adequately. Perhaps the most common term for this is life extension or extended life.

Out of around three dozen responses, life extension was the most popular choice. As expected, almost no one favored immortality with several people noting that it was not literally correct and probably impossible and also had distracting connotations. Several liked my suggested chosen lifespan or some other term emphasizing choice, such as personal lifespan. These have the benefit of conveying individual choice and putting the burden on those who oppose life extension for people other than themselves.

Other terms that got some explicit support:

Indefinite lifespan/extension

Extended lifespan



Other terms that received an honorable mention:

Age reversal, curing aging, death free, ending aging, expanding lifespan, extended longevity, healthy life extension, immortality, indefinite health extension, life expansion, longer life, managed aging, optional aging, optional mortality, overcoming age-related decline, personal lifespan, rejuvenation, reversing aging.

In an upcoming issue of Cryonics dealing with effective communication about life extension and cryonics, I will comment further on these options. Thanks to those of you who provided input. Its not too late if you want to add your thoughts.

Max More

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News - Cryonics: Alcor Life Extension Foundation

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Humans could ‘live forever’ as firm offers ‘immortality’ freezing for 478-a-year – Ammon News

Ammon News - Many people dream of living forever, while songs have been written about it and movies made with eternal life the central plot point. Some companies claim they give humans the opportunity to do so.

Many people throughout human history have had the seemingly-impossible ambition of living forever.

But now we live in the most scientifically advanced period in mankind's time on Earth and immortality might not be the pipe dream it always has been up to now.

Thanks to a select few companies, that dream could become a reality, and it may not break the bank as much as members of the public might think.

The firm Alcor, based in Scottsdale, Arizona, markets themselves as the world leader in cryonics, the process of freezing a body after death to later be brought back to life.

Corpses and brains are frozen in liquid nitrogen after legal death with the hope of being resurrected and restoring them to full health in the event some technology allows humans to be brought back to life in the future.

A full body preservation at Alcor costs a staggering $200,000 (145,000), with annual costs totalling $705 (510) per year after the person's death. $80,000 (58,000) for a neuro-patient, where they just have their brain preserved.

But according to the company's British CEO Max More, the procedure is actually quite affordable for the majority.

He said "Most people think: 'I don't have $80,000 or $200,000 lying around,' but neither did I when I signed up.

"I signed up as a student in England, quite poor. Almost everyone, well the vast majority of our members pay through life insurance.

"They just make Alcor the beneficiary, you just pay standard monthly for life insurance.

"So for the vast majority of people, it's actually quite affordable. If you can afford to go out to Starbucks every couple of days for a coffee, you can afford cryonics."

Alcor currently has 1,379 members, including 184 patients who have died and whose corpses have been subject to cryonic processes.

Membership are $660 (478) per year for the first family member, with an almost 50% discount for every subsequent relative over the age of 18.

It costs $96 (70) per year for relatives under the age of 18, while members can even have their pets preserved in a bid to maintain their full family when technology allows it.

Alcor says patients can be preserved for an indefinite period of time until technology allows patients to be revived.

The company is confident memories will be preserved through cryonic preservation, and research on worms suggests this could be the case.

Commenting on the incredibly findings in the 2015 study, Mr More's wife, Natasha Vita-More - who is a researcher for Alcor - said: "This is the first evidence of preservation of memory after cryopreservation.

"Further research on larger organisms with more complex nervous systems could prove to be beneficial to the issue of cryopreservation, including, specifically, memory retention after reviving."

The company was founded by Fred and Linda Chamberlain in 1972, initially in California, after Fred's fragile father had a stroke.

He died in 1976 and made history as the first neuropreservation patient ever.

Fred himself died on March 22, 2012, and is cryopreserved at Alcor.

Despite a growing profile, the industry is extremely controversial and has attracted criticism from scientists.

Although a popular theme in science fiction films, it has never been possible to successfully revive a human or any mammal - and such a procedure is likely to be a long way off.

Mr More said: "To me cryonics is just an extension of critical care medicine. 50 years ago people who keeled over, and the heart stopped beating, there's nothing at all that could be done for them.

"Today we routinely bring these people back to life. But 50 years from now the standard may change again because of changing technology.

"We're pointing out that what you call dead is not a sharp line. It changes over time depending on your level of technology and expertise.

"Our job is to stop you getting worse. To preserve you and let the future have a shot at bringing you back.

"It just means you don't want to die, you enjoy living. Why would you not do that?

"You'd have open-heart surgery or experimental cancer treatment, why wouldn't you do cryonics?

"Cryonics is your last option, it's your only possible chance you could be brought back.

"We don't know if it's going to work for sure, our paperwork is full of disclaimers and things we don't know and might happen.

"But it's really the only option you have once your body gives out. And we do have some reasons to think it might be workable."


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Humans could 'live forever' as firm offers 'immortality' freezing for 478-a-year - Ammon News

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Liquid Nitrogen Market to accelerate at a CAGR of 5.80% by 2025|Increased Application in Cryogenics to upheave Growth|17000+ Technavio Reports -…

NEW YORK, Oct. 21, 2021 The liquid nitrogen market is set to grow by USD 5026.51 billion from 2021 and 2025, and register a CAGR of 5.80%, according to Technavio's latest market research report estimates. With a focus on identifying dominant industry influencers, Technavio's reports present a detailed study by the way of synthesis, and summation of data from multiple sources. This report offers an up-to-date analysis regarding the current market scenario, the latest trends and drivers, and the overall market environment.

For insights on trends, drivers & challenges, Download a free sample report now!

The market is fragmented, and the degree of fragmentationwill accelerateduring the forecast period. Air Products and Chemicals Inc., AMCS Corp., Asia Industrial Gases Pte. Ltd., Gulf Cryo Holding CSC, LAIR LIQUIDE SA, Linde Plc, Messer Group GmbH, Mitsubishi Chemical Holdings Corp., nexAir LLC, and Statebourne Cryogenics Ltd. are some of the major market participants. The increasing adoption of cryosurgery,cryotherapy's increasedapplication in cryogenics, and safety concerns in the food and beverages industry will offer immense growth opportunities. However, factors such as hazards associated with liquid nitrogenmay threaten the growth of the market.

Liquid Nitrogen market 2021-2025: Segmentation

Liquid Nitrogen Market 2021-2025: Vendor Analysis and Scope

To help businesses improve their market position, Technavio's report provides a detailed analysis of around 25 vendors operating in the market. Also, toleveragethe current opportunities, market vendors must strengthen their foothold in the fast-growing segments while maintaining their positions in the slow-growing segments.

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Liquid Nitrogen Market Scope

Report Coverage


Page number


Base year


Forecast period


Growth momentum & CAGR

Accelerate at a CAGR of 5.80%

Market growth 2021-2025

USD 5026.51 billion

Market structure


YoY growth (%)


Regional analysis

North America, APAC, Europe, South America, and MEA

Performing market contribution

North America at 44%

Key consumer countries

US, China, Canada, UK, and Germany

Competitive landscape

Leading companies, competitive strategies, consumer engagement scope

Companies profiled

Air Products and Chemicals Inc., AMCS Corp., Asia Industrial Gases Pte. Ltd., Gulf Cryo Holding CSC, LAIR LIQUIDE SA, Linde Plc, Messer Group GmbH, Mitsubishi Chemical Holdings Corp., nexAir LLC, and Statebourne Cryogenics Ltd.

Market Dynamics

Parent market analysis, Market growth inducers and obstacles, Fast-growing and slow-growing segment analysis, COVID-19 impact and future consumer dynamics, market condition analysis for the forecast period

Customization purview

If our report has not included the data that you are looking for, you can reach out to our analysts and get segments customized.

Download a free sample nowto uncover more highlights of the liquid nitrogen marketcompanies.

About Us

Technavio is a leading global technology research and advisory company. Their research and analysis focus on emerging market trends and provides actionable insights to help businesses identify market opportunities and develop effective strategies to optimize their market positions. With over 500 specialized analysts, Technavio's report library consists of more than 17,000 reports and counting, covering 800 technologies, spanning across 50 countries. Their client base consists of enterprises of all sizes, including more than 100 Fortune 500 companies. This growing client base relies on Technavio's comprehensive coverage, extensive research, and actionable market insights to identify opportunities in existing and potential markets and assess their competitive positions within changing market scenarios.


Technavio ResearchJesse MaidaMedia & Marketing ExecutiveUS: +1 844 364 1100UK: +44 203 893 3200Email: [emailprotected]Website:

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Liquid Nitrogen Market to accelerate at a CAGR of 5.80% by 2025|Increased Application in Cryogenics to upheave Growth|17000+ Technavio Reports -...

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Hundreds Gather to Mourn Two WCSU Students Tragically Killed in Colchester Car Crash –

A memorial vigil that drew hundreds was held on Sunday in Colchester for two of the WestConn Lacrosse players that were tragically killed on Friday afternoon.

It was news that rocked the Western Connecticut State University community. Two of the school's lacrosse players were tragically killed Friday afternoon in a car crash that also left one other passenger seriously injured.

Hundreds gathered to mourn the two Colchester residents, 18-year-old Jacob Chapman and 18-year-old Tyler Graham and were asked to wear red, the two boys favorite color. The vigil was held on the Colchester town green.

According to, the accident that took the students' lives happened shortly before 1 PM on Friday on Lake Hayward Road near the intersection of Route 354, an intersection that police and the Department of Public Works were already working on plans to improve the safety of.

In an incident report released from Troop K, state police said Chapman was driving a red 2010 Nissan Altima westbound on Route 354 when he attempted to pass another car at a high speed. For an unknown reason, the carleft the road and collided with a metal guardrail and multiple trees before stopping down an embankment, according to the incident summary.

Two of the passengers in the front seat, Chapman and Graham died either at the crash site or shortly after, and according to State Police, the third passenger,Trey Massaro, 19, of Dalton, Massachusetts, was airlifted to Hartford Hospital with serious injuries. The police report also says that the car the students were driving was going at a high rate of speed when the crash occurred.

Aside from the vigil held on Sunday, Western Connecticut State University is also planning a vigil for the students and the University's counseling center has already met with the lacrosse teams players and coaches. The school will also provide counseling to students and faculty and to any students in Litchfield Hall, where Chapman and Graham lived.

All of us here at Townsquare Media Danbury send our deepest condolences to everyone affected by this terrible tragedy.

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Hundreds Gather to Mourn Two WCSU Students Tragically Killed in Colchester Car Crash -

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Insights on the Cryotherapy Global Market to 2026 – Featuring BTG International, CooperSurgical and Cortex Technology Among Others – PRNewswire

DUBLIN, Oct. 13, 2021 /PRNewswire/ -- The "Cryotherapy Market Research Report by Product, Application, End-user, and Region - Global Forecast to 2026 - Cumulative Impact of COVID-19" report has been added to's offering.

The Global Cryotherapy Market size was estimated at USD 217.57 million in 2020, is expected to reach USD 244.03 million in 2021, and projected to grow at a CAGR of 12.49% reaching USD 441.09 million by 2026.

Market Statistics

The report provides market sizing and forecast across five major currencies - USD, EUR GBP, JPY, and AUD. It helps organization leaders make better decisions when currency exchange data is readily available. In this report, the years 2018 and 2019 are considered historical years, 2020 as the base year, 2021 as the estimated year, and years from 2022 to 2026 are considered the forecast period.

Competitive Strategic Window

The Competitive Strategic Window analyses the competitive landscape in terms of markets, applications, and geographies to help the vendor define an alignment or fit between their capabilities and opportunities for future growth prospects. It describes the optimal or favorable fit for the vendors to adopt successive merger and acquisition strategies, geography expansion, research & development, and new product introduction strategies to execute further business expansion and growth during a forecast period.

FPNV Positioning Matrix

The FPNV Positioning Matrix evaluates and categorizes the vendors in the Cryotherapy Market based on Business Strategy (Business Growth, Industry Coverage, Financial Viability, and Channel Support) and Product Satisfaction (Value for Money, Ease of Use, Product Features, and Customer Support) that aids businesses in better decision making and understanding the competitive landscape.

Market Share Analysis

The Market Share Analysis offers the analysis of vendors considering their contribution to the overall market. It provides the idea of its revenue generation into the overall market compared to other vendors in the space. It provides insights into how vendors are performing in terms of revenue generation and customer base compared to others. Knowing market share offers an idea of the size and competitiveness of the vendors for the base year. It reveals the market characteristics in terms of accumulation, fragmentation, dominance, and amalgamation traits.

Competitive Scenario

The Competitive Scenario provides an outlook analysis of the various business growth strategies adopted by the vendors. The news covered in this section deliver valuable thoughts at the different stage while keeping up-to-date with the business and engage stakeholders in the economic debate. The competitive scenario represents press releases or news of the companies categorized into Merger & Acquisition, Agreement, Collaboration, & Partnership, New Product Launch & Enhancement, Investment & Funding, and Award, Recognition, & Expansion. All the news collected help vendor to understand the gaps in the marketplace and competitor's strength and weakness thereby, providing insights to enhance product and service.

Company Usability Profiles

The report profoundly explores the recent significant developments by the leading vendors and innovation profiles in the Global Cryotherapy Market, including Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., Brymill Cryogenic Systems, BTG International Limited, CooperSurgical, Inc., Cortex Technology, Cryoalfa, CryoConcepts LP, ERBE Elektromedizin GmbH, GRAND Cryo, HealthTronics, Inc., iCRYO, Impact Cryotherapy, Kriosystem Life & Care, KrioSystem Sp. z.o.o, Mectronic Medicale S.r.l., Medtronic PLC, Metrum Cryoflex, METRUM CRYOFLEX Sp. z o.o., Sp. K., Novotech S.R.O, Physiomed Elektromedizin AG, Quantum Cryogenics, Sanarus Technologies, Us Cryotherapy, Vacuactivus, and Zimmer MedizinSysteme GmbH.

The report provides insights on the following pointers:1. Market Penetration: Provides comprehensive information on the market offered by the key players2. Market Development: Provides in-depth information about lucrative emerging markets and analyze penetration across mature segments of the markets3. Market Diversification: Provides detailed information about new product launches, untapped geographies, recent developments, and investments4. Competitive Assessment & Intelligence: Provides an exhaustive assessment of market shares, strategies, products, certification, regulatory approvals, patent landscape, and manufacturing capabilities of the leading players5. Product Development & Innovation: Provides intelligent insights on future technologies, R&D activities, and breakthrough product developments

The report answers questions such as:1. What is the market size and forecast of the Global Cryotherapy Market?2. What are the inhibiting factors and impact of COVID-19 shaping the Global Cryotherapy Market during the forecast period?3. Which are the products/segments/applications/areas to invest in over the forecast period in the Global Cryotherapy Market?4. What is the competitive strategic window for opportunities in the Global Cryotherapy Market?5. What are the technology trends and regulatory frameworks in the Global Cryotherapy Market?6. What is the market share of the leading vendors in the Global Cryotherapy Market?7. What modes and strategic moves are considered suitable for entering the Global Cryotherapy Market?

Key Topics Covered:

1. Preface

2. Research Methodology

3. Executive Summary

4. Market Overview4.1. Introduction4.2. Cumulative Impact of COVID-19

5. Market Dynamics5.1. Introduction5.2. Drivers5.2.1. Growing prevalence of sports injuries, cancer, and cardiac conditions5.2.2. Increasing applications of cryosurgery5.2.3. Rising preference for minimally invasive techniques5.3. Restraints5.3.1. Adverse effects of cryogenic gases5.4. Opportunities5.4.1. Technological advancements in cryotherapy equipment5.4.2. Growing potential in the wellness, beauty, and fitness industries5.5. Challenges5.5.1. Complex operations associated with the cryotherapy mechanisms

6. Cryotherapy Market, by Product6.1. Introduction6.2. Cryochambers & Cryosaunas6.3. Cryosurgery Devices6.3.1. Epidermal & Subcutaneous Cryoablation Devices6.3.2. Tissue Contact Probes6.3.3. Tissue Spray Probes6.4. Localized Cryotherapy Devices

7. Cryotherapy Market, by Application7.1. Introduction7.2. Pain Management7.3. Recovery, Health, And Beauty Applications7.4. Surgical Applications

8. Cryotherapy Market, by End-user8.1. Introduction8.2. Cryotherapy Centers8.3. Hospitals & Specialty Clinics8.4. Spas & Fitness Centers

9. Americas Cryotherapy Market9.1. Introduction9.2. Argentina9.3. Brazil9.4. Canada9.5. Mexico9.6. United States

10. Asia-Pacific Cryotherapy Market10.1. Introduction10.2. Australia10.3. China10.4. India10.5. Indonesia10.6. Japan10.7. Malaysia10.8. Philippines10.9. Singapore10.10. South Korea10.11. Taiwan10.12. Thailand

11. Europe, Middle East & Africa Cryotherapy Market11.1. Introduction11.2. France11.3. Germany11.4. Italy11.5. Netherlands11.6. Qatar11.7. Russia11.8. Saudi Arabia11.9. South Africa11.10. Spain11.11. United Arab Emirates11.12. United Kingdom

12. Competitive Landscape12.1. FPNV Positioning Matrix12.1.1. Quadrants12.1.2. Business Strategy12.1.3. Product Satisfaction12.2. Market Ranking Analysis12.3. Market Share Analysis, by Key Player12.4. Competitive Scenario12.4.1. Merger & Acquisition12.4.2. Agreement, Collaboration, & Partnership12.4.3. New Product Launch & Enhancement12.4.4. Investment & Funding12.4.5. Award, Recognition, & Expansion

13. Company Usability Profiles13.1. Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.13.2. Brymill Cryogenic Systems13.3. BTG International Limited13.4. CooperSurgical, Inc.13.5. Cortex Technology13.6. Cryoalfa13.7. CryoConcepts LP13.8. ERBE Elektromedizin GmbH13.9. GRAND Cryo13.10. HealthTronics, Inc.13.11. iCRYO13.12. Impact Cryotherapy13.13. Kriosystem Life & Care13.14. KrioSystem Sp. z.o.o13.15. Mectronic Medicale S.r.l.13.16. Medtronic PLC13.17. Metrum Cryoflex13.18. METRUM CRYOFLEX Sp. z o.o., Sp. K.13.19. Novotech S.R.O13.20. Physiomed Elektromedizin AG13.21. Quantum Cryogenics13.22. Sanarus Technologies13.23. Us Cryotherapy13.24. Vacuactivus13.25. Zimmer MedizinSysteme GmbH

14. Appendix

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Insights on the Cryotherapy Global Market to 2026 - Featuring BTG International, CooperSurgical and Cortex Technology Among Others - PRNewswire

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