MAVERICK-HCM Phase 2 Clinical Trial Results Consistent with Tolerability Observations from Prior Studies of Mavacamten
Improvement in NT-proBNP and Troponin Levels Support Future Development in Non-Obstructive HCM and Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction (HFpEF)
MyoKardia to Host Webcast Conference Call at 4:30 p.m. EDT
BRISBANE, Calif., March 30, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- MyoKardia, Inc. (MYOK) today announced results from the dose-ranging MAVERICK-HCM Phase 2 clinical trial of mavacamten for the treatment of non-obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Data were presented during a late-breaker session at the American College of Cardiologys 69th Annual Scientific Session together with the World Congress of Cardiology (ACC.20/WCC Virtual) In the MAVERICK-HCM study, mavacamten was generally well tolerated, and statistically significant improvements in key biomarkers of cardiac injury and wall stress were observed. Further, subgroup analyses of study participants with indicators of more advanced disease demonstrated clinical responses across multiple parameters among patients on active treatment versus placebo.
Non-obstructive HCM is especially challenging to treat as there are no proven or approved pharmacological therapies. Thus, for patients who develop symptoms refractory to medications, cardiac transplantation may be the only option, saidCarolynHo, M.D., Medical Director of the Cardiovascular Genetics Center at Brigham and Womens Hospital and lead author on behalf of the MAVERICK-HCM study investigators. Although the primary objective of MAVERICK was to assess the safety and tolerability of mavacamten in non-obstructive HCM, in exploratory analyses we observed an encouraging result with reductions in serum levels of NT-proBNP, a biomarker of hemodynamic stress, and also cardiac troponin I, a biomarker of myocardial injury. We believe MAVERICK is the first study to show an improvement in important serum biomarkers in this patient population and suggests that there is potential physiological benefit from the drug. We were also intrigued by findings that patients with more severe disease expression, those with elevated serum troponin levels or evidence of diastolic dysfunction by echo, may have achieved functional benefit. These findings, combined with mavacamtens tolerability profile, are encouraging, and they provide direction for further evaluation of mavacamten for patients with non-obstructive HCM.
MAVERICK has succeeded in providing us with the important data we needed to proceed in our planned clinical trials in non-obstructive HCM, as well as a targeted subset of patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, or HFpEF. We gained unique insights into dosing strategies using markers linked to clinical benefit, as well as how to identify patients who may be most likely to benefit from mavacamten, said Jay Edelberg, M.D. Ph.D., MyoKardias Senior Vice President of Development. The MAVERICK results also further our confidence in mavacamtens development in obstructive HCM, as we approach our Phase 3 EXPLORER-HCM readout, which is expected in the second quarter.
MAVERICK-HCM ResultsSafety and Tolerability ObservationsMavacamten was generally well tolerated, consistent with prior clinical studies.
Effect on Exploratory Endpoints of Efficacy: Biomarkers of Cardiac Wall Stress and Injury Among several pre-specified endpoints analyzed, treatment with mavacamten resulted in significant changes in circulating biomarkers associated with heightened risks of cardiac complications.
For the intent-to-treat population, no difference was observed between active and placebo groups in the other exploratory endpoints.
The effect of mavacamten on NT-proBNP and cardiac troponin levels in non-obstructive HCM patients is a first-of-its-kind finding for a product candidate in this patient population, said Michael R.Zile, M.D.,Director of Cardiology, Ralph H. Johnson VA Medical Center. NT-proBNP is a measure of cardiac wall stress, and elevated troponins signal heart muscle injury, both of which have been established in the literature as prognosticators of dire complications in both HCM and HFpEF patients, including the need for hospitalizations, surgical intervention and death. The reductions in biomarkers associated with poor outcomes are encouraging, and I look forward to seeing the potential for mavacamten to impact outcomes in HCM, as well as certain targeted HFpEF populations, over time.
Patient Subgroups with Advanced Diastolic Disease MyoKardia also shared its analyses of the effect of mavacamten treatment on two subgroups of patients with advanced disease: one comprising 19 of the 59 enrolled patients (32%) with elevated cardiac troponin levels of >0.03ng/mL and another including 25 patients (42%) who had elevated filling pressures, defined by E/e >14(4). HCM patients with higher cardiac troponin levels are known to be at greater risk for serious complications, and elevated filling pressures are indicative of impaired diastolic compliance, or the ability of the left ventricle to relax and fill with oxygenated blood.
A trend toward potential benefit was observed across numerous clinical measurements in patients with elevated cardiac troponin I levels and those with higher diastolic filling pressures versus placebo:
Composite Functional Endpoint Analysis A composite functional endpoint(4) analysis was utilized to compare responses among the intent-to-treat population and the subgroups of patients with more advanced disease to those within the placebo population.
Based on our observations that multiple markers responded to mavacamten, we believe we may be able to utilize markers of likely clinical benefit to guide dosing in the non-obstructive HCM patient population moving forward, similar to the way we are utilizing LVOT gradient to guide dosing in obstructive HCM, said Jay Edelberg, M.D., Senior Vice President, Development at MyoKardia. Additionally, we observed in MAVERICK that patients who were most impaired showed the most meaningful trends toward benefit with mavacamten treatment within the 16-week treatment period. We look forward to leveraging these learnings, as well as knowledge gained from the longer exposures to treatment provided by our long-term extension study, as we look to advance mavacamten for the treatment of non-obstructive HCM patients and adjacent HFpEF populations.
Data from the MAVERICK-HCM Phase 2 clinical trial were presented by Carolyn Ho, M.D., Medical Director of the Cardiovascular Genetics Center at Brigham and Women's Hospital and Associate Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School, during the American College of Cardiologys Annual Scientific Session together with World Congress of Cardiology virtual meeting this morning during the Featured Clinical Research III Session in a presentation titled Mavacamten Improves Biomarkers Of Myocardial Wall Stress And Injury In Patients With Symptomatic Non-Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (nHCM): Results From The Phase 2 MAVERICK-HCM Study (#412-16).
About the Phase 2 MAVERICK-HCMClinical TrialThe Phase 2 MAVERICK-HCM trial assessed the safety and tolerability of a range of exposures over 16 weeks of treatment in patients with symptomatic, non-obstructive HCM. All study participants were required to be diagnosed with non-obstructive HCM, with left ventricular wall thickness either 15mm or 13mm with a family history of HCM,New York Heart Association(NYHA) classifications of Class II or III, and NT-proBNP levels of greater than 300 pg/mL at rest.Baseline characteristics, such as age, weight, gender, pathogenic mutation status, background beta blocker use, NYHA classification and exercise capacity were evenly distributed between active and placebo arms.
A total of 59 participants were enrolled in the study and randomized into one of three groups to receive once-daily doses of mavacamten or placebo.The active mavacamten treatment arms were designed to assess a range of drug concentrations around target levels of 200 ng/mL and 500 ng/mL. All participants in the active treatment arms began the study receiving 5mg doses of mavacamten. At Week 4, pharmacokinetic (PK) assessments were conducted and doses were adjusted in a blinded fashion per the protocol based on the participants assigned cohort. Following the 16-week treatment period, participants were monitored for an additional 8 weeks and became eligible to participate in MyoKardias MAVA Long-Term Extension (LTE) study.
Conference Call and WebcastMyoKardia management will also host a virtual event for investors and analyst today to review the data from MAVERICK-HCM and discuss future development plans for mavacamten in targeted groups of patients with diastolic disease. This live webcast event will begin at 4:30 p.m. EDT / 1:30 p.m. PDT and include remarks by Dr. Anjali Owens, Medical Director, Center for Inherited Cardiac Disease at the University of Pennsylvania, and Dr. Michael Zile, Professor of Medicine at the Medical University of South Carolina.
To access the call, please dial (844) 494-0193 (U.S.) or (508) 637-5584 (international), and reference the conference ID 2982709. A live webcast of the event will be available on the Investors section of MyoKardias website at http://investors.myokardia.com. A replay of the webcast, and accompanying slides, will be available on theMyoKardiawebsite for 90 days following the call.
About Non-obstructive HCM and Heart Failure with preserved Ejection FractionHypertrophic cardiomyopathy is the most common genetic form of heart disease, affecting an estimated one in every 500 people worldwide.There are two main forms of HCM, obstructive HCM and non-obstructive HCM, which often share the same underlying genetic defects in the sarcomere that result in hypercontractility.In non-obstructive HCM, the heart contracts excessively and the left ventricle becomes abnormally thick, restricting the ability of the heart to relax and fill or pump to meet the bodys needs, but no physical obstruction is present in the outflow tract of the left ventricle. Non-obstructive HCM affects an estimated one-third of all HCM patients and presents unique treatment challenges.Patients may progress to a more advanced state of disease than those with obstructive disease before being diagnosed, and there are no approved pharmacological treatment options available.As non-obstructive HCM progresses, symptoms begin to resemble those of a congestive heart failure patient and heart transplantation may become the only viable treatment option.
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a heterogeneous clinical syndrome, which in many patients is characterized by impairment of the left ventricles ability to relax and fill during diastole, resulting in insufficient blood flow to meet the bodys needs.HFpEF is estimated to affect approximately three million people in the U.S. and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. There are currently no approved therapies for HFpEF.
About Mavacamten (MYK-461)Mavacamten is a novel, oral, allosteric inhibitor of cardiac myosin being developed for the treatment of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Mavacamten is intended to reduce cardiac muscle contractility by inhibiting the excessive myosin-actin cross-bridge formation that underlies the excessive contractility, left ventricular hypertrophy and reduced compliance characteristic of HCM.MyoKardiais currently evaluating mavacamten in multiple clinical trials for the treatment of obstructive and non-obstructive HCM. The pivotal Phase 3 clinical trial, known as EXPLORER-HCM, is being conducted in patients with symptomatic, obstructive HCM andMyoKardiaanticipates data from this program in the second quarter of 2020. Two long-term follow-up studies are also ongoing, the PIONEER open-label extension study of obstructive HCM patients from MyoKardias Phase 2 PIONEER trial and the MAVA-LTE, an extension study for patients who have completed either EXPLORER-HCM or MAVERICK-HCM, the companys Phase 2 clinical trial of symptomatic non-obstructive HCM patients. InApril 2016, the U.S.FDAgranted Orphan Drug Designation for mavacamten for the treatment of symptomatic obstructive HCM.
About MyoKardiaMyoKardia is a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company discovering and developing targeted therapies for the treatment of serious cardiovascular diseases. The company is pioneering a precision medicine approach to its discovery and development efforts by 1) understanding the biomechanical underpinnings of disease; 2) targeting the proteins that modulate a given condition; 3) identifying patient populations with shared disease characteristics; and 4) applying learnings from research and clinical studies to inform and guide pipeline growth and product advancement. MyoKardias initial focus is on small molecule therapeutics aimed at the proteins of the heart that modulate cardiac muscle contraction to address diseases driven by excessive contraction, impaired relaxation, or insufficient contraction. Among its discoveries are three clinical-stage therapeutics: mavacamten (formerly MYK-461); danicamtiv (formerly MYK-491) and MYK-224.
MyoKardias mission is to change the world for people with serious cardiovascular disease through bold and innovative science.
Forward-Looking StatementsStatements we make in this press release may include statements which are not historical facts and are considered forward-looking within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, which are usually identified by the use of words such as "anticipates," "believes," "estimates," "expects," "intends," "may," "plans," "projects," "seeks," "should," "will," and variations of such words or similar expressions. We intend these forward-looking statements to be covered by the safe harbor provisions for forward-looking statements contained in Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act and are making this statement for purposes of complying with those safe harbor provisions. These forward-looking statements, including statements regarding the clinical and therapeutic potential of mavacamten, our plans to advance the clinical development of mavacamten in non-obstructive HCM patients and a targeted population of HFpEF patients, the anticipated data readout from our Phase 3 EXPLORER trial of mavacamten, our plans to consult with the FDA on potential pathways to registration and to provide a regulatory update, the initiation, progress and availability of data from our ongoing and planned clinical trials, and the timing of these events, reflect our current views about our plans, intentions, expectations, strategies and prospects, which are based on the information currently available to us and on assumptions we have made. Although we believe that our plans, intentions, expectations, strategies and prospects as reflected in or suggested by those forward-looking statements are reasonable, we can give no assurance that the plans, intentions, expectations or strategies will be attained or achieved. Furthermore, actual results may differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements and will be affected by a variety of risks and factors that are beyond our control including, without limitation, risks associated with the development and regulation of our product candidates, as well as those set forth in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, and our other filings with the SEC. Except as required by law, we assume no obligation to update publicly any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
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