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‘Biologically younger’ people who defy their real age often have 5 things in common – INSIDER

Posted: December 12, 2019 at 7:49 pm

Dan Buettner, the man who popularized the idea that there are five "Blue Zones" around the world where people live some of the longest, healthiest, happiest lives, says that people living in those zones all share five common traits.

"It is this interconnected web of characteristics that keep people doing the right things for long enough, and avoiding the wrong things," Buettner said.

Blue Zone residents, whether they're home in Loma Linda, California; Ikaria, Greece; Okinawa, Japan; Sardinia, Italy; or Nicoya, Costa Rica, all eat very little meat. Instead, they subsist on a largely plant-based diet filled with beans, nuts, and cruciferous vegetables, which Buettner has written about in a new cookbook.

But that diet is only, at best, about 50% of the Blue Zones longevity equation.

"It's the scaffolding, this collagen," Buettner told Insider. "That keeps people eating the right way for long enough."

Here are the other four core principles that sustain life in the Blue Zones.

Dan Buettner pioneered the idea that the world includes five "Blue Zones." Crystal Cox/Business Insider

Going to the gym is not a Blue Zones tradition.

"They don't exercise," Buettner said. Instead, people in Blue Zones are "nudged" into movement in little bursts throughout the day, by force of habit and, also, necessity.

"They're walking, or they're in their garden, or they're doing things by hand," he said.

In Buettner's home state of Minnesota, he credits shoveling the walks in winter, digging, weeding, and watering a garden in the summer with keeping him spry.

"I don't have a garage door opener, I open it by hand," he said. "To the extent that I can, I use hand-operated tools."

He's turned the inside of his house into a little mini Blue Zone, too, where he's getting up and moving all year round.

"I put the TV room on the third floor," Buettner told me, "So every time if I want a snack, I'd go up and down stairs."

The technique is one he's honed by studying life in the Blue Zones.

"It's being mindful of how to engineer little bursts of physical activity," he said.

Research has shown that such little energetic busts throughout the day can do a lot for overall fitness. One study published in January showed that even 20 second-long, vigorous stair-climbing exercise "snacks" spread out over the course of a day can improve fitness.

"It's a reminder to people that small bouts of activity can be effective," lead study author Martin Gibala told Insider when his team's research came out. "They add up over time."

Gallo Pinto ("spotted rooster") is a traditional breakfast meal in Costa Rica, made from leftover rice cooked with beans. Beans and rice are a complete protein. Kevin Schafer / Getty Images

In Japan they call it "ikigai," and in Costa Rica it's a "plan de vida." The words literally translate to "reason to live," and "life plan," respectively, and both concepts help residents of the Blue Zones feel there's a reason to get up and do what needs to get done each morning.

Studies also suggestthat a sense of purpose in life is associated with fewer strokes and less frequent heart attacks among people with heart disease, as well as more use of preventive care.

One 2017 investigation from researchers at Harvard concluded that a sense of purpose in life is associated with better "physical function among older adults," including better grip strength and faster walking.

Good health and happiness can be contagious, and obesity can too.

In Japan's Blue Zone, people form social groups called "moai" to help them get through life.

"Parents cluster their children in groups of five, and send them through life together," as Buettner explained in a recent video. "They support each other, and share life's fortunes and woes."

The trend is not unique to the Japanese. In Loma Linda, California, Blue Zoners (many of whom are Seventh-day Adventists) are more likely to share vegetarian potluck meals than meet each other over a Chipotle burrito or McDonald's fries.

Buettner has created Blue Zones "Projects" across the US, where cities and towns enact policies that change the entire environment that people live in.

"We're genetically hardwired to crave sugar, crave fat, crave salt, take rest whenever we can," Buettner said. "We've just engineered this environment where you don't have to move. You're constantly cooled down or heated up ... and you cannot escape chips and sodas and pizzas and burgers and fries."

In cities from Minnesota to Texas, he's helped create healthier communities where policies favor fruits and vegetables over junk food, people form walking groups to move around town and shed pounds together, and many quit smoking, too.

All of this, he said, adds up to troupes of "biologically younger" people, who not only weigh less, but suffer fewer health issues as they age.

"At every decade, you have more energy," he said.

Original post:
'Biologically younger' people who defy their real age often have 5 things in common - INSIDER

Recommendation and review posted by G. Smith

Anatomy of the forceps – Contemporary Obgyn

Posted: December 12, 2019 at 7:48 pm

The two most commonly used types of forceps for the cephalic presenting fetus are Simpson type and Elliot or Tucker-McLane forceps. The main differences between the two are that the Simpson forceps have shanks that are separated (remember Simpson shanks separated) whereas those of the Elliot/Tucker-McLane type are overlapping (remember Tucker tucked in). The separated shanks as well as the longer tapering cephalic curve allow for the Simpson type forceps to be used on longer, more molded heads whereas the Elliot or Tucker-McLane types are narrower and might be chosen for the easier pull in a multiparous patient, for example.

The other two commonly used forceps are for special indications. Kielland forceps are used for rotational maneuvers (you turn a key) owing to their very slight reverse pelvic curve and sliding lock which allows for correction of asynclitism. The Piper forceps, with their long backward curving shanks and reverse pelvic curve, are designed specifically for stabilization and delivery of the aftercoming head in a breech presentation.

Read more - Forceps delivery: Contemporary tips for a classic obstetric tool

Anatomy of the forceps - Contemporary Obgyn

Recommendation and review posted by G. Smith

The Daily Show With Trevor Noah Talks About The Greys Anatomy Of Wars – Deadline

Posted: December 12, 2019 at 7:48 pm

Trevor Noah and The Daily Show crew usually are up for a few laughs on the serious topics they tackle. But tonight, it was more about rueful laughter, as they discussed the Washington Posts blockbuster story that showed three different presidential administrations lied about American progress in the war in Afghanistan.

Its the Greys Anatomy of wars, said Noah. We thought it ended years ago, but somehow, its still going strong. He went on to detail that for 18 years, US officials lied about the Afghanistan war, painting a rosy picture that everything is well a tactic used by every failing couple on Instagram, he noted.

The government lied about every detail of the war, even spinning suicide bombers as a sign of success. That, Noah noted, is like touting yourself as a catch in online dating because you have your own room in moms basement.

Related StoryChris Cotton Dies: Comedy Central Comic, Co-Host Of 'Every Damn Day' Was 32

What makes it egregious is that they lied about even having a plan, Noah said, showing clips from politicians who noted that, We didnt know why we were there or how we could get out..we didnt have the foggiest notion of what we were doing.

Not knowing who they were going to fight thats a strategy for drunk dudes in Boston, Noah said. The people in charge didnt know how to define success Like what they did with Game of Thrones.

He went on to detail the various boondoggles, including a $34 million effort to grow soybeans in a country whose soil and climate were not a fit, or $28 million for forest camouflage uniforms for the Afghan army in a country thats mostly desert.

Now, you might be thinking, Who can we be mad at?' The answer is the last three administrations. They all exaggerated American success, Noah said. In a time where partisanship has split the country, Its nice to learn that something brings leaders together: lying about war.

Continued here:
The Daily Show With Trevor Noah Talks About The Greys Anatomy Of Wars - Deadline

Recommendation and review posted by G. Smith

Pink Wall review: eviscerating anatomy of a relationship from Downton’s viscount – The Telegraph

Posted: December 12, 2019 at 7:48 pm

Dir: Tom Cullen. Cast: Tatiana Maslany, Jay Duplass, Sule Rimi, Ruth Ollman, Sarah Ovens, T. J. Richardson.15 cert, 82 min

Theres a bloodcurdling moment in the first scene of Pink Wall, a sharp, stinging relationship drama from actor-turned-filmmaker Tom Cullen, which pins your attention to the screen and keeps it there. The central couple, played to the hilt by Tatiana Maslany and Jay Duplass, are sat next to each other during a pub lunch in Wales, and a stray comment by her brother, whos across the table, turns the atmosphere on a dime.

Maslanys terrifyingly sudden rage at hearing the insult cuck (aimed at her boyfriend, implying he doesnt wear the trousers) is something to behold....

Originally posted here:
Pink Wall review: eviscerating anatomy of a relationship from Downton's viscount - The Telegraph

Recommendation and review posted by G. Smith

Trolls, Sock Puppets and Useful Idiots: An Anatomy of an Election Disinformation Campaign – Byline Times

Posted: December 12, 2019 at 7:48 pm

Photo: Yorkshire Evening Post Peter Jukes dissects how No 10 sources, mainstream broadcast journalists and an army of hired online activists tried to save Boris Johnson from himself. The Local Journalist

First, some facts, as they are in precious short supply. Around noon on Sunday 8 December, Daniel Sheridan of the Yorkshire Evening Post published a story about Jack Williment-Barr, a four-year-old boy who was rushed to Leeds General Infirmary with suspected pneumonia. His mother Sarah had contacted the newspaper with a picture of her son lying on a pile of coats and claimed he had been left in the clinical treatment room for four hours.

Like any responsible journalist, Daniel Sheridan double-checked the story with the hospital and its chief medical officer, Dr Yvette Oade, who explained how busy the hospital was and apologised to the family. We are extremely sorry that there were only chairs available in the treatment room, and no bed, she said. This falls below our usual high standards and for this we would like to sincerely apologise to Jack and his family.

So far, a telling example of the vital importance of local journalism a profession that continues to be gutted as newsrooms are cut or amalgamated, and Google and Facebook siphon off the billions of revenues that keep local accountability alive.

The next day, Joe Pike, a young journalist for ITV Calendar in Grimsby, was following the Conservative Party leader as he posed for photos holding a large cod (not for the first time) in the fishing town which has often become an emblem of taking back control of our waters by leaving the European Union.

Unlike the BBC interviewer Andrew Neil, Joe Pike has no reputation for skewering politicians, so Boris Johnson and his advisors probably thought they didnt need to avoid this particular interview in the bowels of the fish warehouses. They miscalculated. Pike whipped out his phone with the photo of Jack Williment-Barr lying on the floor, and persistently questioned the Prime Minister about it.

In a psychologically revealing panic, Johnson tried to bluster that everything would improve once we got Brexit done. But Pike persisted. Johnson tried to steamroller him, but his darting eyes and demeanour showed that he didnt want to answer the question and, in an effort to avoid it, the Prime Minister took the reporters phone and hid it in his pocket. This prompted one of the most remarkable comments of the campaign so far from Pike who remarked, calmly:

Youve refused to see the photo. Youve taken my phone and put it in your pocket, Prime Minister.

Child psychiatrists would have a field day on this. The failure to realise that hiding your face does not make you invisible, or that stealing a reporters phone does not make the report go away, suggests that under pressure the leader of the Conservative Party has the social cognitive abilities of a four-year-old.

Apart from Johnsons kleptomanic evasion, the film of this strange encounter had the additional problem of focusing on the NHS at a key point in the last few days of the General Election campaign. Conservative campaigners know that the NHS is not their strong point, so the Health and Social Care Minister, Matt Hancock, was dispatched to Leeds General Infirmary to firefight.

As Hancock rushed to Leeds, a host of media figures sympathetic to Johnson rushed into action. Guido Fawkes (which registered the site Boris2020 seven years ago) was first off the mark, with a fake story that 100 Labour activists were being paid to go to Leeds to protest. This was followed up by his former colleague at the Sun, Tom Newton Dunn, who described a flash mob descending.

Soon, the BBCs political editor, Laura Kuenssberg, was describing to her 1.1 million followers how Labour activists scrambled to go and protest and then it turned nasty when one of them punched Hancocks adviser. The information had no attribution, or Ive heard or sources say.

Not to be left out, Robert Peston, the political editor of the second largest broadcaster, ITV, identified the person punched to his 1 million followers, and named the special adviser to Matt Hancock, adding that the police had been called.

The only problem with this breaking story which quickly and conveniently replaced the story of Johnson pocketing the reporters phone in all the major news feeds was that it was completely bogus.

There were about four noisy demonstrators outside Leeds General Infirmary as Hancock departed in his ministerial car, not 100. No punch was ever landed. Hancocks SpAd walked into a cyclists hand as he pointed to the ministerial car rushing away.

It took several hours of persistent correction from other Twitter users before both Peston and Kuenssberg corrected the damaging allegation of assault. But their apologies revealed even more

Peston explained that he had been told the story by two Tory party sources. According to good journalistic practice, that would be the minimum to run an allegation of assault but only if the sources were independent. They clearly werent. What would have been a rookie mistake for a young journalist was a catastrophic failure of judgement by the political editors of both major broadcasters, made even more so because it came in the crucial last few days of a landmark General Election.

Im not of the the view that either Peston or Kuenssberg are consciously partisan, and I certainly dont buy the allegation that they have been bought. But they have been played, and to rescue their reputations and most importantly our trust in the two most important sources of news in the country there should be a full inquiry.

For the real culprits here are the sources who lied to them both, consistently. They have no protection for deceiving the public and both Peston and Kuenssberg have a public duty to tell us who they are. Nothing short of that can begin to repair the damage caused.

Thanks to some brilliant traffic and network analysis by Mark Owen Jones, we can see how the fake punch story was spread around 7,500 Twitter interactions from 5,500 unique Twitter accounts from Guido Fawkes, via the Suns chief political correspondent, commentator Dan Hodges to the BBC and ITV. But that wasnt the end of the story.

Soon after the punch story was discredited, a new story about the whole hospital photo being staged borrowed from Facebook began doing the rounds on Twitter.

All the Twitter accounts repeating it had the same information a good friend of mine is a senior nursing sister and claimed that the mother of Jack Williment-Barr had faked the photo for publicity as a Labour activist.

This frankly defamatory and unpleasant smear was boosted, with no fact-checking, by Allison Pearson of the Telegraph and Brexit Party MEP Claire Fox. Just one post on one Facebook discussion group alone has 276 comments and 98 shares.

No sooner was this story being debunked (after all, the head of the Leeds hospital trust had apologised two days previously) when a new disinformation theme was being boosted on social media, especially to the gullible Allison Pearson, who declared she was going to write a story in the Telegraph about the shocking propaganda around the four-year-old.

Whoever this Great Ormond St nurse was, they seemed to have multiple Twitter accounts in fake names.

The first tweet came from a Twitter user who claimed to have attended six universities and was now training in law:

The next came from a foreign exchange trader:

While another, identical claim, came from someone who had previously boasted about working in supply chain JLR for 35 years:

Whether these are semi-automated bots, or one malicious user deploying sock puppet accounts, or just bad faith actors in the public realm, they are very effective at targeting journalists and commentators who then spread the false narrative to a wider audience.

In fact, journalists and politicians are the main targets of such information operations, whether organised centrally or not, as trusted but duped sources are the quickest way to amplify a misleading story.

Britain is currently undergoing a perfect storm of electoral interference. With lax or unenforceable legislation about non-party campaigners spending millions on Facebook posts, and with Twitter easily gamed by trolls, bots and sock puppets, the online sphere requires extreme caution.

We should only trust journalists who seek to verify and double-check, like Daniel Sheridan who started this saga, and remember that we are all easy prey to the stories we want to hear.

Combating online disinformation requires education, some ferocious forensic investigators, and a large dose of mockery and shame to those involved. But what to do with our press?

Both the Sun and the Telegraph were keen to promote and prop up these fake stories. Though their circulations are tanking and their profit margins non-existent, these newspapers still wield power, especially over politicians, whose lives they can trash, mock or ignore.

But, by far, the most worrying thing is our two main broadcasters the BBC and ITV. One of the protections against our feral press was that we had a mixed commercial and public service broadcast system which could be relatively immune to political and commercial pressure.

Kuenssberg and Peston have shown the other hidden danger: the danger of client journalism, of editors in hock to their sources thanks to the clubbish cliqueness of the lobby system of unattributed briefings. I personally think that there is some cultural capture here, because youre only two north London dinner parties away from another senior journalist or politician these days, thanks to rank inaccessibility of media jobs for most ordinary people. But, more important than any professional criticism of the two political editors, is the laxity and complicity of their management.

Byline Times approached the BBC last night for a response to Laura Kuenssbergs misinformation. We asked the broadcaster how its political editor happened to circulate a false rumour as a fact and how this reflected on the corporations editorial standards and the public service broadcasters reputation. The press office replied with a curt message directing us to her apology an apology that raises more questions than it answers and does nothing to allay the growing concern of licence fee payers.

Byline Times is still waiting for a response from ITV.

This article was corrected to reflect that Joe Pike wont be joining Sky News until January and is still employed by ITV Calendar.

Trolls, Sock Puppets and Useful Idiots: An Anatomy of an Election Disinformation Campaign - Byline Times

Recommendation and review posted by G. Smith

Anatomy of an upset (was it an upset?) and some flaws exposed – 247Sports

Posted: December 12, 2019 at 7:48 pm

Six games in 13 days. Like it or not, that matters. Thats something betting sharps look at when looking for an edge. It helped explain why Penn State -- an unranked opponent -- came in favored over the No. 4 team in the country. While the home fans chanted overrated in the closing minutes of the Nittany Lions 76-68 upset win Tuesday night, Maryland wont be judged too harshly on this game alone after starting the season with 10 straight victories and surviving without a loss longer than 346 of college basketballs 353 D-I teams (No. 1 Louisville also went down to an unranked opponent tonight).

It was clear they once again didnt bring their A game to the Bryce Jordan Center, an arena that has witnessed a Terps loss four years in a row, and their recent stretch of games combined with Penn States physical play appeared to catch up to them, especially in the final seven minutes as they failed to hit a field goal down the stretch until there was 42 seconds to go. Still, it was a bit perplexing that Terps coach Mark Turgeon reasoned afterward that his team -- which returned seven of its top eight players from a year ago -- has just like five plays we can run at this point in the season.

Weve got a long ways to go offensively, and were struggling a bit, Turgeon said. Hopefully this will refocus us.

The game raised -- and highlighted -- a handful of red flags beyond that. For starters, the slow starts finally caught up to them. The Terps turned it over 12 times in the first 12 minutes as the Nittany Lions raced out to a double digit lead, and many of the giveaways were inexcusable, even when generously factoring in the apparent fatigue. They were the type of mental lapses that could be equated to a still relatively young team feeling a little too confident after recovering from a 15-point deficit to win its Big Ten opener over Illinois Saturday night.

Maryland made far too many lackadaisical passes in the opening frame, and didnt have the legs on either end to repeat their late-game heroics after Anthony Cowans game-tying and game-sealing offensive and defensive plays saved them against the Illini three days earlier. Its hard to ignore the slow-start problem given that it extends back to last year, but Turgeon hasnt expressed much concern publicly, choosing instead to once again laud his team for not sharing the ball well enough tonight, pointing to over-dribbling as the leading cause for the early dysfunction.

We wanted to lead the country in dribbling tonight, he said.

What exacerbated the problems Tuesday night, though, was the Terps lack of depth. Freshman center Makhi Mitchell made his fifth start Tuesday night, but finished scoreless for the third straight game. Ricky Lindo provided solid energy in relief but was pushed around by Penn States frontline, while Serrel Smith and Hakim Hart rode the bench for the entirety of the second half. This is an area where Maryland could improve later in the season if Donta Scott continues to improve and Chol Marial measures up to Turgeons seemingly wishful expectations, but the early returns raise concerns whether any of the Mitchell twins, Lindo, Hart and Serrel Smith are ready to add positive value on a consistent basis this year.

As Turgeon put it, our young guys looked young tonight.

Maryland couldve used another guard off the bench, too, as Eric Ayala, who led the team with 11 points and two assists in the first half, was slowed by cramps and played just 10 minutes in the second. Cowan finished with a team-high 16 points, but was pestered all game long by Big Ten steals leader Jamari Wheeler, turning it over four times and making just five of his 17 field goal attempts. Aaron Wiggins shooting slump, meanwhile, continued -- he shot just 3-12 from the field and 1-6 from three -- while Mike Watkins (15 points, 11 rebounds, four blocks) outplayed Jalen Smith (12 points, 11 rebounds, three blocks) on the block.

As the Terps have found out time and again, Penn State isnt the type of team you want to face as when youre fatigued. Theyre physical, deep and their guards, while not overly talented, push the pace and pressure the ball non-stop. Sophomore guard Izaiah Brockington, who was a starter on the St. Bonaventure team that upset Maryland two years ago, had three steals off the bench. Myles Dread and Myron Jones also poked the ball away a couple of times apiece. Penn State beat up Maryland inside as well. Smith fared well against Lamar Stevens last year, but with Bruno Fernando gone he was forced to guard Watkins, who is nearly five years older and 20 pounds heavier than him.

He looked a step or two slow on rotations almost the entire game, and made just two field goals inside the arc. Stevens matched Watkins in scoring and added 10 rebounds, feasting on Lindo and Scott, whom Turgeon (perhaps regrettably) decided were better options on the 6-foot-8 matchup nightmare than Morsell. Penn State shot 12 percent better than Maryland from inside the arc.

They might have been shaving before my guys were even born, Turgeon joked of Penn States frontcourt.

Morsell started slow after coming off the bench -- he had three early turnovers -- but hit a crucial three to cut the lead to five with less than 12 to go and finished with eight points. Turgeons decision to deploy Lindo and Scott on Stevens led to Marylands five best players -- Cowan, Ayala, Wiggins, Morsell and Jalen Smith -- sharing the court for less than a minute. Its clear Turgeon is still trying to figure out the rotations, but hell probably want to avoid that happening again. Tuesday night doesnt speak to what the Terps can accomplish this season, but it did highlight problems with the teams rotations and depth, especially in the frontcourt.

Turgeon doesnt trust Hart or Serrel Smith enough to play four-guard lineups the entire game, but at the same time a second big hasnt stepped up next to Jalen Smith in the frontcourt. Turgeon went with Morsell at the four in the first month of the season against a schedule that featured mainly undersized teams, but there will be plenty of more frontcourt-heavy teams like Penn State that will force Turgeons hand over the next three months. Playing Morsell alongside Jalen Smith still might be the best option, but its probably safe to say at least one of Lindo, Hart, Marial and the Mitchell twins will have to step up if Maryland wants to handle the day-to-day grind of the Big Ten schedule and compete for a conference championship.

We have a long ways to go as a team and sometimes when you keep winning you dont realize it. Coaches do, Turgeon said, but hopefully tonight because of the loss our guys will realize that we have a ways to go to get where we need to be.

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Anatomy of an upset (was it an upset?) and some flaws exposed - 247Sports

Recommendation and review posted by G. Smith

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