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Global USB Headsets Market Outlook 2020: Industry Trends, Analysis, Opportunities, Sales, Segmentation, Revenue and Forecast to 2026 – Cole of Duty

Posted: May 28, 2020 at 11:48 am

The recently published research report entitled Global USB Headsets Market sheds light on critical aspects of the market like market size estimations, company and market best practices, market dynamics, market segmentation, competitive landscaping and benchmarking, opportunity analysis, economic forecasting, industry-specific technology solutions, guideline analysis, and in-depth benchmarking of vendor offerings. The report provides a clear understanding of the current and future scenarios and trends of the global USB Headsets market. The report tracks an array of important market-related aspects which can be listed as follows; the demand and supply chain, the competitive landscape, leading industries shares, profit margin, and profiles of leading companies of the global market.

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Competitive Analysis:

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Product segment analysis:

Application segment analysis: Entertainment, Communication, Gaming, Stereo, Other

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Global USB Headsets Market Outlook 2020: Industry Trends, Analysis, Opportunities, Sales, Segmentation, Revenue and Forecast to 2026 - Cole of Duty

Recommendation and review posted by G. Smith

Ethicists: We need more flexible tools for evaluating gene-edited food – The Conversation US

Posted: May 28, 2020 at 11:46 am

Is there now a way to genetically engineer crops to create food that people can confidently consider natural?

Gene-editing technology sounds like it might offer this possibility. By altering an organisms genetic material, or genome, without introducing genes from other species, advocates of genome editing argue the technique can sidestep most of the difficult ethical and regulatory challenges plaguing organisms with added transgenes, which are genes from other species. Some even argue these cisgenic products are natural enough to count as organic.

As ethicists specializing in how technology alters human-nature relations, we can understand why advocates see the ethics this way. If crossing species lines is the measure of whether a technique counts as natural or not, then genome editing appears to have the potential to pass a naturalness test.

Genome editing, its boosters say, can make changes that look almost evolutionary. Arguably, these changes could have happened by themselves through the natural course of events, if anyone had the patience to wait for them. Conventional breeding for potatoes resistant to late blight is theoretically possible, for example, but it would take a lot of time.

Although we understand the potential advantages of speed, we dont think an ethics hinging on the idea of cisgenesis is adequate. We propose a better ethical lens to use in its place.

Our work is part of a four-year projectfunded by the Norwegian Research Council scrutinizing how gene editing could change how we think about food. The work brings together researchers from universities and scientific institutes in Norway, the U.K. and the U.S. to compare a range of techniques for producing useful new crops.

Our project is not focused on the safety of the crops under development, something that obviously requires concerted scientific investigation of its own. Although the safety of humans and the health of the environment is ethically crucial when developing new foods, other ethical issues must also be considered.

To see this, consider how objections against genetically modified organisms go far beyond safety. Ethical issues around food sovereignty range broadly across farmer choice, excess corporate power, economic security and other concerns. Ethical acceptability requires a much higher bar than safety alone.

Although we believe gene editing may have promise for addressing the agricultural challenges caused by rising global populations, climate change and the overuse of chemical pesticides, we dont think an ethical analysis based entirely on crossing species lines and naturalness is adequate.

It is already clear that arguing gene-edited food is ethical based on species lines has not satisfied all of gene editings critics. As Ricarda Steinbrecher, a molecular biologist cautious about gene editing, has said, Whether or not the DNA sequences come from closely related species is irrelevant, the process of genetic engineering is the same, involving the same risks and unpredictabilities, as with transgenesis.

Comments of this kind suggest talking about species lines is an unreliable guide. Species and subspecies boundaries are notoriously infirm. Charles Darwin himself conceded in Origin of Species, I look at the term species, as one arbitrarily given for the sake of convenience to a set of individuals closely resembling each other.

The 2005 edition of the Mammal Species of the World demonstrated this arbitrariness by collapsing all 12 subspecies of American cougars down to one Puma concolor cougar overnight. In 2017, the Cat Classification Task Force revised the Felidae family again.

If species lines are not clear, claiming naturalness based on not crossing species lines is, in our view, a shaky guide. The lack of clarity matters because a premature ethical green light could mean a premature regulatory green light, with broad implications for both agricultural producers and consumers.

We think a more reliable ethical measure is to ask about how a technique for crop breeding interferes with the integrity of the organism being altered.

The term integrity already has application in environmental ethics, ecology, cell biology, interhuman ethics, organic agriculture and genetics.

A unifying theme in all these domains is that integrity points toward some kind of functional wholeness of an organism, a cell, a genome or an ecological system. The idea of maintaining integrity tracks a central intuition about being cautious before interfering too much with living systems and their components.

The integrity lens makes it clear why the ethics of gene editing may not be radically different from the ethics of genetic modification using transgenes. The cell wall is still penetrated by the gene-editing components. The genome of the organism is cut at a site chosen by the scientist, and a repair is initiated which (it is hoped) will result in a desired change to the organism. When it comes to the techniques involved with gene editing a crop or other food for a desired trait, integrity is compromised at several levels and none has anything to do with crossing species lines. The integrity lens makes it clear the ethics is not resolved by debating naturalness or species boundaries.

Negotiation of each others integrity is a necessary part of human-to-human relations. Adopted as an ethical practice in the field of biotechnology, it might provide a better guide in attempts to accommodate different ethical, ecological and cultural priorities in policymaking. An ethic with a central place for discussion of integrity promises a framework that is both more flexible and discerning.

As new breeding techniques create new ethical debates over food, we think the ethical toolbox needs updating. Talking about crossing species lines simply isnt enough. If Darwin had known about gene editing, we think he would have agreed.

[Deep knowledge, daily. Sign up for The Conversations newsletter.]

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Ethicists: We need more flexible tools for evaluating gene-edited food - The Conversation US

Recommendation and review posted by G. Smith

On the Origins of Modern Biology and the Fantastic: Part 19 Nalo Hopkinson and Stem Cell Research – tor.com

Posted: May 28, 2020 at 11:46 am

She just wanted to be somewhere safe, somewhere familiar, where people looked and spoke like her and she could stand to eat the food. Midnight Robber by Nalo Hopkinson

Midnight Robber (2000) is about a woman, divided. Raised on the high-tech utopian planet of Touissant, Tan-Tan grows up on a planet populated by the descendants of a Caribbean diaspora, where all labor is performed by an all-seeing AI. But when she is exiled to Touissants parallel universe twin planet, the no-tech New Half-Way Tree, with her sexually abusive father, she becomes divided between good and evil Tan-Tans. To make herself and New Half-Way Tree whole, she adopts the persona of the legendary Robber Queen and becomes a legend herself. It is a wondrous blend of science fictional tropes and Caribbean mythology written in a Caribbean vernacular which vividly recalls the history of slavery and imperialism that shaped Touissant and its people, published at a time when diverse voices and perspectives within science fiction were blossoming.

Science fiction has long been dominated by white, Western perspectives. Vernes tech-forward adventures and Wells sociological allegories established two distinctive styles, but still centered on white imperialism and class struggle. Subsequent futures depicted in Verne-like pulp and Golden Age stories, where lone white heroes conquered evil powers or alien planets, mirrored colonialist history and the subjugation of non-white races. The civil rights era saw the incorporation of more Wellsian sociological concerns, and an increase in the number of non-white faces in the future, but they were often tokensparts of a dominant white monoculture. Important figures that presaged modern diversity included Star Treks Lieutenant Uhura, played by Nichelle Nichols. Nichols was the first black woman to play a non-servant character on TV; though her glorified secretary role frustrated Nichols, her presence was a political act, showing there was space for black people in the future.

Another key figure was the musician and poet Sun Ra, who laid the aesthetic foundation for what would become known as the Afrofuturist movement (the term coined by Mark Dery in a 1994 essay), which showed pride in black history and imagined the future through a black cultural lens. Within science fiction, the foundational work of Samuel Delany and Octavia Butler painted realistic futures in which the histories and cultural differences of people of color had a place. Finally, an important modern figure in the decentralization of the dominant Western perspective is Nalo Hopkinson.

A similarly long-standing paradigm lies at the heart of biology, extending back to Darwins theoretical and Mendels practical frameworks for the evolution of genetic traits via natural selection. Our natures werent determined by experience, as Lamarck posited, but by genes. Therefore, genes determine our reproductive fitness, and if we can understand genes, we might take our futures into our own hands to better treat disease and ease human suffering. This theory was tragically over-applied, even by Darwin, who in Descent of Man (1871) conflated culture with biology, assuming the Wests conquest of indigenous cultures meant white people were genetically superior. After the Nazis committed genocide in the name of an all-white future, ideas and practices based in eugenics declined, as biological understanding of genes matured. The Central Dogma of the 60s maintained the idea of a mechanistic meaning of life, as advances in genetic engineering and the age of genomics enabled our greatest understanding yet of how genes and disease work. The last major barrier between us and our transhumanist future therefore involved understanding how genes determine cellular identity, and as well see, key figures in answering that question are stem cells.

***

Hopkinson was born December 20, 1960 in Kingston, Jamaica. Her mother was a library technician and her father wrote, taught, and acted. Growing up, Hopkinson was immersed in the Caribbean literary scene, fed on a steady diet of theater, dance, readings, and visual arts exhibitions. She loved to readfrom folklore, to classical literature, to Kurt Vonnegutand loved science fiction, from Spock and Uhura on Star Trek, to Le Guin, James Tiptree Jr., and Delany. Despite being surrounded by a vibrant writing community, it didnt occur to her to become a writer herself. What they were writing was poetry and mimetic fiction, Hopkinson said, whereas I was reading science fiction and fantasy. It wasnt until I was 16 and stumbled upon an anthology of stories written at the Clarion Science Fiction Workshop that I realized there were places where you could be taught how to write fiction. Growing up, her family moved often, from Jamaica to Guyana to Trinidad and back, but in 1977, they moved to Toronto to get treatment for her fathers chronic kidney disease, and Hopkinson suddenly became a minority, thousands of miles from home.

Development can be described as an orderly alienation. In mammals, zygotes divide and subsets of cells become functionally specialized into, say, neurons or liver cells. Following the discovery of DNA as the genetic material in the 1950s, a question arose: did dividing cells retain all genes from the zygote, or were genes lost as it specialized? British embryologist John Gurdon addressed this question in a series of experiments in the 60s using frogs. Gurdon transplanted nuclei from varyingly differentiated cells into oocytes stripped of their genetic material to see if a new frog was made. He found the more differentiated a cell was, the lower the chance of success, but the successes confirmed that no genetic material was lost. Meanwhile, Canadian biologists Ernest McCulloch and James Till were transplanting bone marrow to treat irradiated mice when they noticed it caused lumps in the mices spleens, and the number of lumps correlated with the cellular dosage. Their lab subsequently demonstrated that each lump was a clonal colony from a single donor cell, and a subset of those cells was self-renewing and could form further colonies of any blood cell type. They had discovered hematopoietic stem cells. In 1981 the first embryonic stem cells (ESCs) from mice were successfully propagated in culture by British biologist Martin Evans, winning him the Nobel Prize in 2007. This breakthrough allowed biologists to alter genes in ESCs, then use Gurdons technique to create transgenic mice with that alteration in every cellcreating the first animal models of disease.

In 1982, one year after Evans discovery, Hopkinson graduated with honors from York University. She worked in the arts, as a library clerk, government culture research officer, and grants officer for the Toronto Arts Council, but wouldnt begin publishing her own fiction until she was 34. [I had been] politicized by feminist and Caribbean literature into valuing writing that spoke of particular cultural experiences of living under colonialism/patriarchy, and also of writing in ones own vernacular speech, Hopkinson said. In other words, I had models for strong fiction, and I knew intimately the body of work to which I would be responding. Then I discovered that Delany was a black man, which opened up a space for me in SF/F that I hadnt known I needed. She sought out more science fiction by black authors and found Butler, Charles Saunders, and Steven Barnes. Then the famous feminist science fiction author and editor Judy Merril offered an evening course in writing science fiction through a Toronto college, Hopkinson said. The course never ran, but it prompted me to write my first adult attempt at a science fiction story. Judy met once with the handful of us she would have accepted into the course and showed us how to run our own writing workshop without her. Hopkinsons dream of attending Clarion came true in 1995, with Delany as an instructor. Her early short stories channeled her love of myth and folklore, and her first book, written in Caribbean dialect, married Caribbean myth to the science fictional trappings of black market organ harvesting. Brown Girl in the Ring (1998) follows a young single mother as shes torn between her ancestral culture and modern life in a post-economic collapse Toronto. It won the Aspect and Locus Awards for Best First Novel, and Hopkinson was awarded the John W. Campbell Award for Best New Writer.

In 1996, Dolly the Sheep was created using Gurdons technique to determine if mammalian cells also could revert to more a more primitive, pluripotent state. Widespread animal cloning attempts soon followed, (something Hopkinson used as a science fictional element in Brown Girl) but it was inefficient, and often produced abnormal animals. Ideas of human cloning captured the public imagination as stem cell research exploded onto the scene. One ready source for human ESC (hESC) materials was from embryos which would otherwise be destroyed following in vitro fertilization (IVF) but the U.S. passed the Dickey-Wicker Amendment prohibited federal funding of research that destroyed such embryos. Nevertheless, in 1998 Wisconsin researcher James Thomson, using private funding, successfully isolated and cultured hESCs. Soon after, researchers around the world figured out how to nudge cells down different lineages, with ideas that transplant rejection and genetic disease would soon become things of the past, sliding neatly into the hole that the failure of genetic engineering techniques had left behind. But another blow to the stem cell research community came in 2001, when President Bushs stem cell ban limited research in the U.S. to nineteen existing cell lines.

In the late 1990s, another piece of technology capturing the public imagination was the internet, which promised to bring the world together in unprecedented ways. One such way was through private listservs, the kind used by writer and academic Alondra Nelson to create a space for students and artists to explore Afrofuturist ideas about technology, space, freedom, culture and art with science fiction at the center. It was wonderful, Hopkinson said. It gave me a place to talk and debate with like-minded people about the conjunction of blackness and science fiction without being shouted down by white men or having to teach Racism 101. Connections create communities, which in turn create movements, and in 1999, Delanys essay, Racism and Science Fiction, prompted a call for more meaningful discussions around race in the SF community. In response, Hopkinson became a co-founder of the Carl Brandon society, which works to increase awareness and representation of people of color in the community.

Hopkinsons second novel, Robber, was a breakthrough success and was nominated for Hugo, Nebula, and Tiptree Awards. She would also release Skin Folk (2001), a collection of stories in which mythical figures of West African and Afro-Caribbean culture walk among us, which would win the World Fantasy Award and was selected as one ofThe New York Times Best Books of the Year. Hopkinson also obtained masters degree in fiction writing (which helped alleviate U.S. border hassles when traveling for speaking engagements) during which she wrote The Salt Roads (2003). I knew it would take a level of research, focus and concentration I was struggling to maintain, Hopkinson said. I figured it would help to have a mentor to coach me through it. That turned out to be James Morrow, and he did so admirably. Roads is a masterful work of slipstream literary fantasy that follows the lives of women scattered through time, bound together by the salt uniting all black life. It was nominated for a Nebula and won the Gaylactic Spectrum Award. Hopkinson also edited anthologies centering around different cultures and perspectives, including Whispers from the Cotton Tree Root: Caribbean Fabulist Fiction (2000), Mojo: Conjure Stories (2003), and So Long, Been Dreaming: Postcolonial Science Fiction & Fantasy (2004). She also came out with the award-winning novelThe New Moons Arms in 2007, in which a peri-menopausal woman in a fictional Caribbean town is confronted by her past and the changes she must make to keep her family in her life.

While the stem cell ban hamstrung hESC work, Gurdons research facilitated yet another scientific breakthrough. Researchers began untangling how gene expression changed as stem cells differentiated, and in 2006, Shinya Yamanaka of Kyoto University reported the successful creation of mouse stem cells from differentiated cells. Using a list of 24 pluripotency-associated genes, Yamanaka systematically tested different gene combinations on terminally differentiated cells. He found four genesthereafter known as Yamanaka factorsthat could turn them into induced-pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), and he and Gurdon would share a 2012 Nobel prize. In 2009, President Obama lifted restrictions on hESC research, and the first clinical trial involving products made using stem cells happened that year. The first human trials using hESCs to treat spinal injuries happened in 2014, and the first iPSC clinical trials for blindness began this past December.

Hopkinson, too, encountered complications and delays at points in her career. For years, Hopkinson suffered escalating symptoms from fibromyalgia, a chronic disease that runs in her family, which interfered with her writing, causing Hopkinson and her partner to struggle with poverty and homelessness. But in 2011, Hopkinson applied to become a professor of Creative Writing at the University of California, Riverside. It seemed in many ways tailor-made for me, Hopkinson said. They specifically wanted a science fiction writer (unheard of in North American Creative Writing departments); they wanted someone with expertise working with a diverse range of people; they were willing to hire someone without a PhD, if their publications were sufficient; they were offering the security of tenure. She got the job, and thanks to a steady paycheck and the benefits of the mild California climate, she got back to writing. Her YA novel, The Chaos (2012), coming-of-age novelSister Mine (2013), and another short story collection, Falling in Love with Hominids (2015) soon followed. Her recent work includes House of Whispers (2018-present), a series in DC Comics Sandman Universe, the final collected volume of which is due out this June. Hopkinson also received an honorary doctorate in 2016 from Anglia Ruskin University in the U.K., and was Guest of Honor at 2017 Worldcon, a year in which women and people of color dominated the historically white, male ballot.

While the Yamanaka factors meant that iPSCs became a standard lab technique, iPSCs are not identical to hESCs. Fascinatingly, two of these factors act together to maintain the silencing of large swaths of DNA. Back in the 1980s, researchers discovered that some regions of DNA are modified by small methyl groups, which can be passed down through cell division. Different cell types have different DNA methylation patterns, and their distribution is far from random; they accumulate in the promoter regions just upstream of genes where their on/off switches are, and the greater the number of methyl groups, the lesser the genes expression. Furthermore, epigenetic modifications, like methylation, can be laid down by our environments (via diet, or stress) which can also be passed down through generations. Even some diseases, like fibromyalgia, have recently been implicated as such an epigenetic disease. Turns out that the long-standing biological paradigm that rejected Lamarck also missed the bigger picture: Nature is, in fact, intimately informed by nurture and environment.

In the past 150 years, we have seen ideas of community grow and expand as the world became more connected, so that they now encompass the globe. The histories of science fiction and biology are full of stories of pioneers opening new doorsbe they doors of greater representation or greater understanding, or bothand others following. If evolution has taught us anything, its that nature abhors a monoculture, and the universe tends towards diversification; healthy communities are ones which understand that we are not apart from the world, but of it, and that diversity of types, be they cells or perspectives, is a strength.

Kelly Lagor is a scientist by day and a science fiction writer by night. Her work has appeared at Tor.com and other places, and you can find her tweeting about all kinds of nonsense @klagor

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On the Origins of Modern Biology and the Fantastic: Part 19 Nalo Hopkinson and Stem Cell Research - tor.com

Recommendation and review posted by G. Smith

The Virtues of Not Eating Animals – CounterPunch

Posted: May 28, 2020 at 11:46 am

Drawing by Nathaniel St. Clair

Growing up in a village

I was born in a Greek village where land and food self-sufficiency were everything. My father had a few strips of land where he raised enough food for his family and the family of his brother who lost his life during the war years of the 1940s. My father cultivated wheat, barley, lentils, vine grapes for wine, and olive trees for oil.

Animals made our lives possible and easier. We had a mule, a donkey, goats, sheep, chickens, dogs and cats.

I learned to respect and love these animals. I could not conceive life without them.

My most interesting agrarian memory comes from our harvesting of grapes during the heat of Summer in late August. My sisters and cousins would fill wicker baskets with ripe bunches of white, blue and red grapes, load them on the donkey, and my younger cousin, George, and I would take them home. We would unload the baskets and pour the grapes into the linos, a rectangular stone and cement enclosure a meter high with a cement bottom. One of the stone walls of the linos had a hole that allowed the liquid wine to drain to a small cement pit below.

After filling the linos with the ripe and tasty fruits of Dionysos, George and I washed our legs and entered the soft hills of grapes, which we treaded to pulp while laughing and having fun.

In America

At age eighteen I left the village for America where I discovered the beauty and pleasures of Greek civilization and much, much more. This happened slowly.

Like other young Greeks and most foreign students from many countries, I saw America as a land of opportunity for those with technical knowledge and skills. This pushed my love for the Greek classics to the back recesses of my mind. In 1961, when I arrived in America, I simply wanted some education that would enable me to earn a good living. I had a vague notion of a good life.

However, my education in zoology and Greek history and the history of science and my work on Capitol Hill and the US Environmental Protection Agency brought me face to face with modernity and I did not like it. I could not stand looking at skyscrapers and cringed at seeing gigantic tractors crushing the land. I had the feeling I had to turn to classical thought. If I were to survive the hubris and crimes of technicians armed to the teeth, I would have to have the support of my ancestors.

I read Pythagorean writings with great interest. Pythagoras was a sixth century BCE philosopher of heavens and Earth. He said number was the constituent of everything in the cosmos. He thought music and songs had a healing and educational effect, invigorating humans with inner harmony. He even said he heard the music of the spherical planets moving around the Sun, which he equated to a large fire at the center of the cosmos. He called that firethe House of Zeus. He was in love with animals and life. He was against destroying or eating any living thing, animals in particular. He was certain there was a brotherhood between humans and animals. He urged the Greeks to stop eating meat and never sacrifice animals to the gods.

I read Xenophon, an Athenian military man and historian who flourished in the first half of fourth century BCE. I agreed with his theory and conviction that agriculture was a school for courage, freedom, military training, and the raising of food and civilization.

Then the fourth century BCE philosopher Aristotle came into my life like a breath of fresh air. In contrast to the dry and uninspiring classes I took while studying zoology at the University of Illinois, the writings of Aristotle brought me in touch with the roots of zoology. His works on animals, especially hisHistory of Animals,lifted me to heavens. They were insightful, riveting, enormously important, and pioneering. They explained to me the origins, complexity, and beauty of the animal kingdom, the perfection of nature, and the meaning and importance of the science of zoology, which Aristotle invented.

At work

I cannot say these Hellenic scientific and philosophical insights blended nicely with my life. After a couple of years on Capitol Hill, in 1979, I started working for the US Environmental Protection Agency. For the first time, I began to grasp what America was all about.

I was so embarrassed the United States had fallen so low: pretending its scientists at the EPA and other agencies like the US Department of Agriculture could employ science in the regulation of the abominable chemical weapons it called pesticides. Those deleterious chemicals kill more than unwanted insects and weeds. They kill all life. They should have never reached agriculture, a political, cultural and scientific process of raising food and civilization.

I was confused, and not a little concerned about this gigantic country I had chosen as my second home.

Decoding scientific research

Unable to influence or change policy, I turned to research and writing. Scientists often publish important work. But to protect themselves, they garble their stories and publish them in obscure journals read by few people.

I tracked down dozens of those stories, which I decoded and merged with the highlights of the stories I heard from my EPA colleagues, who also gave me their memos and briefings. In addition, I met a few outstanding scientists who answered my questions: about pesticides, agriculture, animal farms, water, endangered species, biodiversity, politics. They worked for universities or the federal departments of the Interior and Agriculture.

Out of this chronic investigation, the picture that emerged was disturbing and just as deleterious as that about pesticides.

The plight of animals

The industrialization of agriculture started in late nineteenth century. Machines replaced animals in the cultivation of the land and the irrigation and harvesting of crops. The size of the farms expanded without limits. Stone and wooden fences between farms became obsolete. The new mechanized farm surpassed the slave-run plantation. Almost nothing could stand on its way, least of all animals.

The factory farm, sometimes described as meat processing operation, put domesticated animals in the maws of machine feeding, slaughter, and sales to the insatiable appetites of meat-eating humans the industry calls consumers. Armies of academic and for profit corporate scientists issue false claims that confuse the public by legitimizing the inhuman treatment of animals.

Most of these agribusiness scientists teach and do research and extension at land-grant universities funded by the federal and state governments and industry. They are a parody of the original agricultural colleges founded by theMorrill Act of 1862.

Congressman Justin Smith Morrill of Vermont introduced the land grant college bill and President Abraham Lincoln signed it. Morrill and Lincoln inspired that great innovation to help family farmers. Now these 76 schools have become thebrains of agribusiness, thinking and inventing all the gadgetry and machinery and chemicals fueling Americas gigantic farms and agribusiness.

Land-grant universities designed animal farms. It does not bother them that it is wrong treating animals like inanimate things good only for eating.

Animals are living beings. They have feelings of enjoyment and fear. Those who have pet dogs and cats see their pets like their children. I have had dogs all my life. They are my best friends. I speak to them in Greek and English. They look at me straight in the eyes and shake their tales. I saw once a few days old calf in a farm at the Central Valley of California. It had tags on both ears. It turned and looked at me, his big eyes telling me of its horrible fate, taken away from its mother and expecting slaughter soon, so the farmer might sell veal.

At another time, in a visit to China, I saw a white bull in absolute terror written all over its eyes.

Animals probably coevolved with humans and, for millennia, were indispensable to human survival and civilization.

With some exceptions, most people have been eating domesticated and wild animals for millennia. However, the difference between traditional people and modern people eating animals is fundamental.

Traditional people ate animals because they often had to. Those living in mountainous regions with limited access to fishing or growing fruits and vegetables, relied on sheep and goats. Ancient Greeks, for example, ate primarily wheat and barley bread, cheese, olive oil, fruits and vegetables, and every so often they ate the meat of sheep and goats and even sacrificed them to their gods.

In contrast, modern animal farms completely dissolve any contacts people have had with animals or the natural world. They make animals dead meat through mechanical slaughter. Ordering a hamburger is no different from ordering French fries. Both have been made commodities of a cruel factory.

Mechanizing the slaughter of animals is the last straw of human violence against animals. It dehumanizes the relationship of people with animals. It undermines the philosophical and biological connections humans have had with the natural world.

Gaming the system

In practical political terms, the brutal treatment of animals has been increasing corruption among farmers, ranchers, butchers, and consumers. Large farmers / ranchers game the system. Their money power trumps our meager protection of human health and that of the natural world: laws defining and protecting organic food, meaning food raised without synthetic chemicals and without the genetic engineering of crops; laws designed to prevent pollution of the water we drink and laws protecting endanger species.

Large ranchers / meat companies are monopolizing the slaughtering of animals, forcing out of business smaller companies competing with them. In 1986, thelargest 4 poultry processing companiescontrolled 35 percent of the market. In 2015, they slaughtered 51 percent of the countryspoultry.

With the virus plague all over the country and in the slaughtering plants, and with the non-existent regulatory regime of the Trump administration,meat monopoliesendanger workers, farmers and those eating meat.

Meat monopolies are also taking over a large part of the slaughter of grass-fed animals. Which is to say, they occupy a significant niche in organic food production, pretending their organic brand shows a concern for human health and the environment.

The risks and effects of animal farms

Large farmers /ranchers, and slaughter companies put cattle, pigs, and chickens and turkeys by the hundreds and thousands next to each other in confined spaces. According to PETA, an animal welfare organization, factory farm animals are flooding the country with huge amounts of toxic and pathogenicwaste:

Animals on factory farms generate many times the amount of excrement produced by the entire U.S. population, and this waste pollutes the air we breathe and the water we drink. Every second, our nations factory farms create roughly 89,000 pounds of waste, which contains highly concentrated chemical and bacterial toxinsall without the benefit of waste-treatment systems.

At about 2010, theCenters for Disease Control and Preventionissued a study that justifies the concerns of PETA. The study concluded: Concentrated animal feeding operations [CAFOs] or large industrial animal farms can cause a myriad of environmental and public health problems.

The study reported that even the air close to CAFOs is unhealthy:

The most typical pollutants found in air surrounding CAFOs are ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, methane, and particulate matter, all of which have varying human health risks.

These risks are serious. The CDC study summarized the health effects of ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, methane, and particulate matter in the air:

The CDC report also listed some of the pathogens found in the enormous amounts of manure in the CAFOs:

Sources of infection from pathogens include fecal-oral transmission, inhalation, drinking water, or incidental water consumption during recreational water activities.The potential for transfer of pathogens among animals is higher in confinement, as there are more animals in a smaller amount of space.Healthy or asymptomatic animals may carry microbial agents that can infect humans, who can then spread that infection throughout a community, before the infection is discovered among animals. (emphasis mine)

For us, in 2020, living through the corona virus plague, these results are terrifying. The sources for the pandemic are all over the United States, in thousands upon thousands of CAFOs. Yet, the US government has been turning a blind eye, allowing these festering disease factories to go on.

Despite the grave risks to both animals and people, the owners of these large animal feeding operations refuse to shut them down, much less face the responsibility for the colossal and toxic and pathogenic wastes of their factories. They pour all those rivers of filth and plague into lagoons.

The stench from those wastes is powerful enough to make life unbearable to powerless and, usually, minority communities neighboring animal farms. This is especially blatant in east North Carolina where blacks live not far from millions of pigs confined for feeding and slaughter in giantindustrial hog farms.

CAFOs are equally dangerous to wildlife. Their waste lagoons become death lakes for flying and migrating birds. In addition, during storms, waste lagoons overflow into creeks, rivers and ground water aquifers harming both wildlife and humans.

To prevent plagues among thousands of caged animals and plagues from escaping animal farms, agribusiness workers add antibiotics and hormones to the pesticide-rich and genetically engineered feed animals eat. This guarantees the consumers of those animals also eat meat rich in antibiotics, pesticides, hormones and genetically engineered crops and potentially pathogenic diseases.

The other significant consequences of mass slaughter of animals is water pollution and the gases these animals emit into the atmosphere.

Manure gives off methane and nitrous oxide, which, respectively, are 23 and 300 times more potent greenhouse gases than carbon dioxide. These emissions from manure have been affecting climate change in a significant degree.

According to theHumane Society, the countrys largest animal protection organization, There is no question that the meat, egg, and dairy industries contribute significantly to greenhouse gas emissions. Thesociety encourages each individual to take important, daily steps to mitigate the devastating effects of climate change:

Stop eating meat

For these reasons (ethical, political, environmental and existential), vegetarianism is more timely and important now than ever before.

Stop eating meat. Stop being a consumer cannibalizing other living creatures. That way, you send an unmistakable message to careless administrations, like the hazardous administration of Trump, corporate exploiters, meat monopolists and profiteers and eaters of animals. You tell those unethical and violent business and political guys that you are not going to continue supporting their hazardous business.

Second, abandoning meat means you help our chances of surviving the colossal climate change around the corner.

Read the original here:
The Virtues of Not Eating Animals - CounterPunch

Recommendation and review posted by G. Smith

Biotechnology and Pharmaceutical Services Outsourcing Market to 2027: Growth Analysis by Manufacturers, Regions, Types and Applications – News…

Posted: May 28, 2020 at 11:45 am

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GREEN VISION BIOTECHNOLOGY : MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATION (form 10-Q) – marketscreener.com

Posted: May 28, 2020 at 11:45 am

GENERAL

Green Vision Biotechnology Corp. (the "Company"), formerly known as VibeWireless Corp., also formerly known as Any Translation Corp., was incorporatedunder the laws of the State of Nevada on July 5, 2012. We were founded to be inthe business of translation and interpretation. The Company undertooktranslation and interpretation projects for various fields from business,economics, to science issues. The Company later adopted a business plan topursue business opportunities in the global telecommunications industry.

On September 2, 2015, a change in control of the Company took place by virtue ofthe Company's largest shareholder and sole officer and director at that time,selling 4,000,000 shares of the Company's common stock to Forestbay CapitalPartners II, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company. Such shares represented65.8% of the Company's total issued and outstanding shares of common stock. Aspart of the sale of the shares, Forestbay Capital Partners arranged with theformer officer and director, prior to his resignation as the sole officer anddirector of the Company Board, to appoint Mr. Edward Mooney as the sole officerand director of the Company. Mr. Mooney is the Manager of Forestbay CapitalPartners II, LLC.

On November 12, 2015, we changed our name to Vibe Wireless Corp in connectionwith merging with our wholly-owned subsidiary. This name change and our tickersymbol change was acknowledged by FINRA and effected in the market on November23, 2015.

The Company was originally incorporated under the laws of the State of Nevada onJuly 5, 2012 as Any Translation Corp.

On September 30, 2016, the Company filed a Certificate of Amendment with theNevada Secretary of State (the "Nevada SOS") whereby it amended its Articles ofIncorporation to increase the Company's authorized number of shares of commonstock from 75 million to 750 million and forward split all of its issued andoutstanding shares of common stock at a ratio of ten (10) shares for every one(1) share held. The Company's Board of Directors approved this amendment onSeptember 30, 2016.

On September 30, 2016, the Company filed Articles of Merger with the Nevada SOSwhereby it entered into a statutory merger with its wholly-owned subsidiary,Green Vision Biotechnology Corp. pursuant to Nevada Revised Statutes 92A.200 et.seq. The effect of such merger is that the Company is the surviving entity andchanged its name to "Green Vision Biotechnology Corp."

On September 30, 2016, the Company filed an Issuer Company-Related ActionNotification Form with FINRA requesting that the aforementioned forward splitand name change be effected in the market. The Company also requested that itsticker symbol be changed to "GVBT". This name change and our ticker symbolchange was acknowledged by FINRA and effected in the market on November 27,2016.

As disclosed in our Current Report on Form 8-K dated May 12, 2017 there was achange in our management. Effective May 3, 2017, the Company accepted theresignation of Edward P. Mooney as the sole officer of the Company and as thesole member of the Company's board of directors. Simultaneously, Mr. Ma Wai Kin,was elected as the Company's President, Secretary, Treasurer and a member of theBoard of Directors.

Our financial statements have been prepared assuming that we will continue as agoing concern and, accordingly, do not include adjustments relating to therecoverability and realization of assets and classification of liabilities thatmight be necessary should we be unable to continue our operation.

We expect we will require additional capital to meet our long-term operatingrequirements. We expect to raise additional capital through, among other things,the sale of equity or debt securities.

Result of Operations for the Three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018

Revenue was $29,834 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 ("Q1"), decreasedby $23,083, or 43.6% from $52,917 for the three months ended March 31, 2018("Comparable Quarter"). The decrease in revenue during the Q1 as compared to theComparable Quarter was due to the restrictions on our production capacity as aresult of the enforcement on new environmental regulations over industrialproduction by coal-fired boilers by local authorities in Shanxi. In thisquarter, our company has conducted various field trials in Guangxi,Heilongjiang, and Yunnan in order to promote our products.

Cost of sales was decreased by $8,245, or 22.1% from $37,255 in the ComparableQuarter to $29,010 in Q1. The decrease was due to the decrease in productioncorresponding to the decrease in the sales revenue. In terms of percentage ofrevenue, cost of sales was 97.2% in Q1 as compared to 70.4% in the ComparableQuarter. The decrease in cost of sales with the increase in percentage torevenue, was due to the significant decrease in the production level whichworsen the mass of production effect.

Gross profit was decreased by $14,838, or 94.7% from $15,662 in the ComparableQuarter to $824 in Q1. The decrease reflected the correlation in reduction ofrevenue. In terms of percentage of revenue, the gross profit percentage wasdecreased to 2.8% for Q1 as compared to 29.6% for the Comparable Quarter. Thedecrease was primarily due to the significant drop in the sales revenue withresulted to the decrease in the production level.

Selling expenses were decreased by $3,851 or 98.8% from $3,898 for theComparable Quarter to $47 in Q1. In terms of percentage of revenue, the rateswere 0.2% in Q1 compared to 7.4% in the Comparable Quarter. The decrease isprimarily due to the decrease of testing expenses and shipping andtransportation expenses which were correlated to the decrease in sales.

General and administrative expenses were decreased by $144,405, or 59.3% from$243,371 for the Comparable Quarter to $98,966 for Q1. The decrease is primarilydue to the salary and consultation fee in Q1.

The following is a summary of general and administrative expenses for the threemonths ended March 31, 2019, and 2018.

Salary and payroll expenses 15,507 54,832 (39,325 )Professional fees

Consulting fees were decreased by $42,977, or 73.4%, from $58,585 in ComparableQuarter to $15,608 in Q1, owing to the engagement of less external consultantsto improve the Company's operating activities in the Comparable Quarter.

Our salary and payroll expenses were decreased by $39,325, or 71.7%, to $15,507in Q1, as compared to $54,832 in the Comparable Quarter. We anticipate thatsalary and payroll expenses will rise in future periods as it becomes necessaryto increase our staff in order to enhance our management quality for the listingrequirement and to increase our production activities.

Professional fees were decreased by $501, from $7,909 in Comparable Quarter to$7,408 in Q1. The decrease of professional fees was due to the engagement ofless independent professionals such as international lawyers and accountants.

Travel and entertainment expenses were decreased by $11,404, or 55.0%, from$20,735 in Comparable Quarter to $9,331 in Q1. The decrease of travel andentertainment expenses was due to the reduction of project-based travellingactivities.

Research and Development expenses were decreased to $Nil in Q1 from $786 inComparable Quarter.

Depreciation and amortization expenses were decreased by $12,750, or 23.0%, from$55,428 in Comparable Quarter to $42,678 in Q1.

Other expenses include items such as office expenses, software related costs,telephone and a variety of other miscellaneous expenses. None of these expensesalone changed significantly except transportation fee, as the difference was$36,662, or 81.3% decrease from $45,096 in Comparable Quarter to $8,434 in Q1.

We anticipate that we will incur higher general and administrative expenses as apublic company. We expect that our professional fees, cost of transfer agent,investor relations costs and other stock related costs will increase.

We also anticipate that selling, general and administrative expenses willconcurrently increase with our increased activity in the future but will notincrease in the same proportion to that of revenue.

Our loss from operations was decreased by $133,418 or 57.6%, to negative $98,189in Q1, from $231,607 in Comparable Quarter.

Non-operating income (expenses) was increased by $24,201, or 1419%, to income of$22,495 in Q1, from expenses of negative $1,706 in Comparable Quarter, of whichmainly due to the increase of other income increase $28,135 from $124 inComparable Quarter to $28,259 in Q1.

The net loss attributed to the Company was reduced by $157,619, or 67.6% tonegative $75,694 in Q1, as compared to negative $233,313 in Comparable Quarter.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

The Company's liquidity and capital is dependent on whether the Company iscapable of generating its revenues and increasing its capital for thedevelopment and expansion of its business.

Management plans to support the Company's operation and its business strategy byraising funds through public and private offerings and relying on officers anddirectors to perform essential management functions with minimal compensation.If we do not raise all of the money we need from a public offering, we will haveto find alternative sources, such as a private placement of securities, or loansfrom our officers, directors or others. The loans are likely to be unsecured,non-interest bearing and repayable at demand.

Moreover, management has actively taken steps to revise its operating andfinancial needs. Management believes that the Company's current and availablecapital resources will allow it to continue its operations throughout thisfiscal year.

At March 31, 2019, we had a working capital deficit of $9,718,626, as comparedto a working capital deficit of $9,596,914 at December 31, 2018. Of the workingcapital deficit at March 31, 2019, $9,454,171 was amount due to related partiesand shareholder. Excluding the amounts due to related parties and shareholder,we would have had a negative working capital of $264,455 at March 31, 2019. Ascomparison, the working capital deficit at December 31, 2018, $9,361,322 wasamount due to related parties and holding company. Excluding the amounts due torelated parties and holding company, we would have had a negative workingcapital of $235,592 at December 31, 2018. The amounts due to related parties andshareholder are unsecured, interest free and repayable on demand.

During the three months ended March 31, 2019, operating activities used cash of$4,550, and for the comparable three months ended March 31, 2018, operatingactivities used cash in operations of $122,676. The use of cash in operatingactivities for the three months ended March 31, 2019 was mainly derived from anet loss of $75,694 with a non-cash item of $42,678 ($36,710 plus $5,968) indepreciation and amortization and negative $66,640 in inventory provisionreversal ; moreover, there was an increase in cash of $66,640 in inventories; anincrease in cash of $38,113 in other payable and an increase in cash of $21,813in accrued expenses, which were offset by a decrease in cash of $1,883 inaccounts receivable; a decrease in cash of 2,402 in accounts payable; a decreasein cash of $25,084 in accrued payroll and a decrease in cash of $2,509 in amountdue to related parties. As comparison, the use of cash in operating activitiesfor the comparable three months ended March 31, 2018 was mainly derived from anet loss of $ $233,313 with a non-cash item of $67,498 ($61,167 plus $6,331) indepreciation and amortization; moreover, there was an increase in cash of$10,230 in inventories; an increase in cash of $13,843 in other receivables; anincrease in cash of $26,664 in other payable and an increase in cash of $55,215in amount due to related parties, which were offset by a decrease in cash of$33,882 in accounts receivable; a decrease in cash of 10,613 in tax payables;and a decrease in cash of $34,942 in accrued expenses.

During the three months ended March 31, 2019, investing activities used $Nil ofcash; and for comparable three months ended March 31, 2018, investing activitiesused $2,112 of cash.

During the three months ended March 31, 2019, financing activities provided cashof $8,730; and for comparable three months ended March 31, 2018, financingactivities provided cash of $104,692. The change of cash provided by financingactivities was derived from the changes in the amounts due to our shareholder.

As at March 31, 2019, net cash and cash equivalents balance was $13,447 ascompared to balance $9,114 as at December 31, 2018.

As of March 31, 2019, stockholder's equity was negative $6,489,388, compared toa negative equity of $6,405,098 at December 31, 2018.

The source of fund for supporting the Company's business operation was loansfrom directors and shareholders. In the event the directors and shareholders donot continue to support the Company's business operation, the Company could beshort of funds and may not be able to operate any longer. The amounts due torelated parties and director are interest-free loans. These loans are unsecuredand have no fixed repayment terms.

Plan of Operation and Funding

We expect that working capital requirements will continue to be funded through acombination of our existing funds, loans from third parties, other debtfacilities, or further issuances of securities. Our working capital requirementsare expected to increase in line with the growth of our business.

Existing working capital, further advances and debt instruments, and anticipatedcash flow are expected to fund our operations over the next three months. Wehave no lines of credit or other bank financing arrangements. In connection withour business plan, management anticipates additional increases in operatingexpenses and capital expenditures relating to: (i) developmental expensesassociated with a growing business; and (ii) marketing expenses. We intend tofinance these expenses with further issuances of securities, and debt issuances.Thereafter, we expect we will need to raise additional capital and generaterevenues to meet long-term operating requirements. Additional issuances ofequity or convertible debt securities will result in dilution to theshareholdings of our current shareholders. Further, such securities might haverights, preferences or privileges senior to our common stock. Additionalfinancing may not be available upon acceptable terms, or at all. If adequatefunds are not available or are not available on acceptable terms, we may not beable to take advantage of prospective new business endeavors or opportunities,which could significantly and materially restrict our business operations. Wewill have to raise additional funds in the next twelve months in order tosustain and expand our operations. We currently do not have a specific plan ofhow we will obtain such funding; however, we anticipate that additional fundingwill be in the form of equity financing from the sale of our common stock. Wehave and will continue to seek to obtain short-term loans from our directors,although no future arrangement for additional loans has been made. We do nothave any agreements with our directors concerning these loans. We do not haveany arrangements in place for any future equity financing.

Since 2017, local government of Jinzhong City, Shanxi Province, China (whereShanxi Lutu and our production plant is located) has promulgated a new set ofenvironmental regulations restricting the use of coal-fired boilers infactories. Since coal-powered generators were used in our production plant, ourproduction activities in 2019 were restricted to a certain extent.

We cannot ensure that we can comply with the new environmental regulations intime. If that is the case, our production and our production capacity may bereduced as a result. This will affect our ability to generate income and to meetthe demand of our customers, which in turn could have a material adverse effecton our financial condition and results of operations.

Due to the enforcement on new environmental regulations over industrialproduction by coal-fired boilers by local authorities in Shanxi, the Company'sproduction was restricted to a certain extent in 2017. In order to fully complywith the new environmental regulations in place, management of the Company hadplanned to carry our rectification work and expected that the rectification workcould be completed by mid of 2018 and full-scale production might resume in thesecond half of 2018. However, due to the shortage of funding to carry out therectification work on our coal-powered generators, our production activitieswere restricted since second quarter in 2018. Our production and our productioncapacity was reduced as a result, significantly affected our ability to generateincome and to meet the demand of our customers, which in turn had a materialadverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations. Themanagement had decided to maintain our business by way of sub-contracting orassignment of the production. Furthermore, the management had further researchedfor other business opportunity to utilize the reduced capacity of the propertyand equipment, in order to make better the worsened revenue.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

As of the date of this Quarterly Report, we do not have any off-balance sheetarrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or futureeffect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues orexpenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capitalresources that are material to investors.

The independent auditors' report accompanying our December 31, 2018 auditedfinancial statements filed in Form 10-K on May 15, 2020 contained an explanatoryparagraph expressing substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a goingconcern. The financial statements have been prepared "assuming that we willcontinue as a going concern," which contemplates that we will realize our assetsand satisfy our liabilities and commitments in the ordinary course of business.

Edgar Online, source Glimpses

Excerpt from:
GREEN VISION BIOTECHNOLOGY : MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATION (form 10-Q) - marketscreener.com

Recommendation and review posted by G. Smith


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