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Category Archives: Hypothyroidism

Adult Hypothyroidism – Thyroid Disease Manager

The full-blown expression of hypothyroidism is known as myxedema. Adult myxedema escaped serious attention until Gull described it in 1874 1 . That it was a state resembling the familiar endemic cretinism, but coming on in adult life, was what chiefly impressed Gull. Ord 2 invented the term myxedema in 1873. The disorder arising from surgical removal of the thyroid gland (cachexia strumipriva) was described in 1882 by Reverdin 3 of Geneva and in 1883 by Kocher of Berne 4 . After Gulls description, myxedma aroused enormous interest, and in 1883 the Clinical Society of London appointed a committee to study the disease and report its findings 5 . The committees report, published in 1888, contains a significant portion of what is known today about the clinical and pathologic aspects of myxedema. It is referred to in the following discussion as the Report on Myxedema. The final conclusions of the 200-page volume are penetrating. They are as follows:

1. That myxedema is a well-defined disease.

2. That the disease affects women much more frequently than men, and that the subjects are for the most part of middle age.

3. That clinical and pathological observations, respectively, indicate in a decisive way that the one condition common to all cases is destructive change of the thyroid gland.

4. That the most common form of destructive change of the thyroid gland consists in the substitution of a delicate fibrous tissue for the proper glandular structure.

5. That the interstitial development of fibrous tissue is also observed very frequently in the skin, and, with much less frequency, in the viscera, the appearances presented by this tissue being suggestive of an irritative or inflammatory process.

6. That pathological observation, while showing cause for the changes in the skin observed during life, for the falling off the hair, and the loss of the teeth, for the increased bulk of body, as due to the excess of subcutaneous fat, affords no explanation of the affections of speech, movement, sensation, consciousness, and intellect, which form a large part of the symptoms of the disease.

7. That chemical examination of the comparatively few available cases fails to show the general existence of an excess of mucin in the tissues adequately corresponding to the amount recorded in the first observation, but that this discrepancy may be, in part, attributed to the fact that tumefaction of the integuments, although generally characteristic of myxedema, varies considerably throughout the course of the disease, and often disappears shortly before death.

8. That in experiments made upon animals, particularly on monkeys, symptoms resembling in a very close and remarkable way those of myxedema have followed complete removal of the thyroid gland, performed under antiseptic precautions, and with, as far as could be ascertained, no injury to the adjacent nerves or to the trachea.

9. That in such experimental cases a large excess of mucin has been found to be present in the skin, fibrous tissues, blood, and salivary glands; in particular the parotid gland, normally containing no mucin, has presented that substance in quantities corresponding to what would be ordinarily found in the submaxillary gland.

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Adult Hypothyroidism - Thyroid Disease Manager

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Underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism) – NHS Choices

An underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism) is where your thyroid gland doesn't produce enough hormones.

Common signs of an underactive thyroid are tiredness, weight gain and feeling depressed.

An underactive thyroid can often be successfullytreated by taking daily hormone tablets to replace the hormonesyour thyroid isn't making.

There's no way of preventing an underactive thyroid. Most cases are caused either by the immune system attacking the thyroid gland and damaging it,orby damage to the thyroid that occurs during some treatments for an overactive thyroidorthyroid cancer.

Read more about the causesof an underactive thyroid.

Symptoms of an underactive thyroidare often similar to those of other conditions,and theyusually develop slowly, so you may not notice them for years.

You should see your GP and ask to be tested for an underactive thyroid if you havesymptoms including:

The only accurate way of finding out whether you have a thyroid problem is to haveathyroid function test, where a sample of blood is tested to measure yourhormone levels.

Readmore about testing for an underactive thyroid.

Both men and women can have an underactive thyroid, althoughit's more commonin women. In the UK, it affects 15 in every 1,000 women and1 in 1,000 men. Children can also develop an underactive thyroid.

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Hypothyroidism | University of Maryland Medical Center


An in-depth report on the causes, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of hypothyroidism.

Autoimmune thyroiditis; Hashimoto's thyroiditis

What is Hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism, also called underactive thyroid, is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones. Hypothyroidism can be caused by the autoimmune disorder Hashimotos thyroiditis, irradiation or surgical removal of the thyroid gland, and medications that reduce thyroid hormone levels. Anyone can develop hypothyroidism, but people who are most at risk include those who are over age 50 and female. However, only a small percentage of people have full-blown (overt) hypothyroidism. Many more have mildly underactive thyroid glands (subclinical hypothyroidism).


Symptoms of hypothyroidism include:

Diagnosis and Treatment

Hypothyroidism can cause serious complications if left untreated. Fortunately, it can be easily diagnosed with blood tests that measure levels of the thyroid hormone thyroxine (T4) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). Your doctor may also want to test for antithyroid antibodies and check your cholesterol levels. Based on these test results, the doctor will decide whether to prescribe medication or simply have you get lab tests every 6 - 12 months.


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Hypothyroidism and Adrenal Fatigue – Sushma Hirani, MD …

Hypothyroidism and Adrenal Fatigue Have you heard of the endocrine system? It is an important system of eight organs in your body that produce a variety of hormones that influence every other organ. When the endocrine system under or over produce hormones, your natural body system becomes imbalanced, which can lead to multiple conditions that are annoying in their mildest form, and incapacitating when severe. Two important organs in the endocrine system are the adrenal gland and the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland releases hormones that control the body's metabolism, and it regulates heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature and growth. An underactive thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones, and the resulting condition is called hypothyroidism. More than 10 million Americans have been diagnosed with hypothyroidism, with another 13 million postulated to have undiagnosed thyroid problems. Symptoms of Hypothyroidism? Some common symptoms of hypothyroidism include cold hands and feet, fatigue, sluggish metabolism, weight gain, slow pulse, depression, dry skin, dry, brittle, and/or thinning hair, feeling groggy in the morning but more alert at night, constipation, slow speech, PMS and/or painful menstrual cramps, and puffiness in face or ankles. Hypothyroidism may have several causes which can be difficult to elucidate and usually require blood tests to sort out. Optimal treatment of hypothyroidism may often require an integrative approach combining nutrition, medication, and supplements. The Adrenal Gland The other major organ in the endocrine system, the adrenal gland, is sometimes known as the "fight or flight" organ. It controls the body's response to stress. When a threat is perceived, the adrenal gland releases cortisol (in response to adrenaline) in the bloodstream, instantly increasing our heart rate and blood pressure, slowing digestion and other secondary functions and sharpening our senses. Cortisol, the main stress hormone is wonderfully effective in the face of stress. However, so many of us lead chronically stressful lives that exceed the adrenal gland's ability to adjust appropriately to the demands, the adrenal glands can become fatigued and unable to carry out their normal function, and can result in a condition called adrenal fatigue. Some stressors that can lead to adrenal fatigue include depression, anxiety, sleep deprivation, anger and a diet high in sugar. One commonly overlooked cause is chronic infection: parasitic and bacterial infections (such as intestinal infections with Giardia or Helicobacter) or an infected tooth root are often prime culprits in adrenal fatigue. What is Adrenal Fatigue? Adrenal fatigue is difficult to diagnose: it has many broad symptoms and the onset is often slow and insidious. Some of the symptoms of adrenal fatigue include weight gain, low libido, lightheadedness when rising from a laying down position, brain fog, lack of energy in the afternoon, needing coffee to get the day started , a higher susceptibility to cold and flu illness are just a few of the vague complaints from patients who suffer from adrenal fatigue. None of these signs by itself can diagnose adrenal fatigue, but taken together, can form a picture of someone under stress. In addition to the symptoms listed above, adrenal fatigue can affect most organ systems in your body. The stomach and intestines may become less efficient in absorbing nutrients, as the imbalance exacerbates food sensitivities and irritable bowel syndrome, and liver function is reduced. Good nutrients, if not processed properly by the intestines and liver, become toxic, and toxic nutrients circulating in your body can also cause brain fog, skin rashes, and joint pain. What is also interesting is that the adrenal gland and the thyroid gland produce hormones that work together. Imbalanced adrenal function compounds hypothyroidism. Adrenal Support Formulas can help in this regard. Magnesium, Vitamin B, antioxidants and Omega-3 fish oils have been shown to be effective in treatment of adrenal fatigue, but what is most important
is that you work closely with your healthcare professional to identify and balance your hormone levels. Whether you choose conventional or holistic care, there is no way to safely "fix" your hormones without professional guidance, so speak with your doctor.

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Top 5 Natural Homeopathic Remedies for Hypothyroidism …

Dear Dr. Sharma. I would like to have your advice in homeopathic tratment. I know how to advise something without full history of the patient. That because I took questionary online. May be it can help Thank you.

1. Your age & sex 61 y.o., male

2. Describe your appearance i.e. weight, height, body type (thin, medium, chubby, fat etc) 175 cm., 91 kg., little overweight, oval face, white, pale

3. Your profession Engineer

4. Describe your personality in at least 20 words (stubborn, easy going, always in a hurry etc.) calm, accommodating, moderately sociable, sometimes irritable, but quickly calmed down, not jealous. I do not like very noisy events, thundering music. I love to be alone sometimes, like melodious music, go to a swimming pool and fitness

5. What is your main health problem & its symptoms Actually I have two main problems. 1. Hypothyroidism, but this problem is under medical control. 2-3 times a year blood tests checking my TSH level. 2. Adenoma BPH. Currently it worried me very much. PSA level is OK The symptoms are: frequent urination, have to wait to start, especially in public places, incomplete emptying feeling of the bladder, frequent need to urinate , interruption of the flow

6. When did this main problem begin Hypothyroidism about 16 years ago, Prostate about 10-11 years ago

8. What makes the main problem better (pressure, warmth, cold, lying down, sitting etc.) warm shower make feel prostate better 9. What makes it worse (pressure, warmth, cold, lying down, sitting etc.) when I drink too much water 10. How do you feel mentally & emotionally during this problem (weepy, irritable, restless, sad, hopeless, fear of death etc.) Prostate problems prevent me feel comfortable, always have to search for a toilet when you go out for a long time or on vocations

11. What other health problems do you have A) About 8 years I am suffering from Urticaria. Little spots or strips can appear on hand, armpit, other side of elbow, butt or other side of knee (some years this urticaria was even on scrotum). In several days they become bigger and bigger, the color is more red and itchy. Usually it last 3-6 weeks and then disappear by itself. Most of the times it appears in summer time or on vocations (for example in Caribbean) even in the winter. Many times I went to dermatology doctors they even took biopsy of skin , but say this is some kind of dermatitis, looks like Urticaria. They advise take Allegra every day and use different creams, but it does not help me. B) Back pain

12. What makes these other health problems better or worse (explain each problem) Urticaria: I feel better after shower , in cool room and worse when is stuffy and high humidity .

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300+ Hypothyroidism SymptomsYes REALLY

I have stumbled upon this page by accident specially that Im preparing a presentation and report about Hashimoto thyroiditis surprisingly I found a lot of the symptoms listed here relates to me specially that I have witnessed an alarming weight gain from 52 kilos to 70 kg in the past year. I thought it was because of the depo provera shot that I took which also caused me recurring pain in the arm where I received the shot. I took the depo provera because I had unexplained excessive menstrual bleeding that cause me to have an very low Iron level. now I switched to IUD

I have noticed that I have those symptoms: Excessive tiredness, Less stamina than others, Less energy than others, Long recovery period after any activity, Inability to stand on feet for long periods ( maybe because I have a flat foot), Inability to concentrate or read long periods of time, Feel weak, Sluggish, Sleep apnea, Dizziness, Lightheaded, Wake feeling tired, Frequently oversleep, Weight gain, Inability to lose weight, Heightened appetite, Cold extremities, Cold sweats, Internal shivering, Slow movements, Slow speech, Low immune system, Recurrent sinus infections, Recurrent ear infections, Recurrent throat infections, Sore throats, Choking fits, Salt cravings, Sweet cravings, Dry mouth, Propensity for cavities, Bleeding gums, Persistent teeth clenching, Noises in ears (hissing, ringing), Internal itching of ears, Excess earwax,Vertigo, Poor focusing, Dry eyes, Frequent tics in the eyes, Spasms of the eyelids, Red inflamed eyes, Dark rings under eyes, Puffiness around the eyes,Hair: Body hair loss, Head hair loss, Dry hair, Brittle hair, Coarse hair, Nails: Brittleness, Yellowish, Ridged, Skin: Dry skin, Pale skin, Pale lips, Easy bruising, Bleeding problems, Acne on face, Breakout on chest and back, Chronic itching, Moles and warty growths, Hives, Numbness and Tingling:Legs, Feet, Arms, Hands, Migraines, Chronic back, Muscles and joint pain, Joint stiffness, Tendonitis, Painful soles of feet, Muscle cramps, Aching bones, Aching muscles, Joint pain, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), Colitis, Abdominal distention, Weight gain in abdominal area, Flatulence, Nausea, GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease), Heavy periods (menorrhagia), Irregular periods, Excruciating pain during period, Constant bleeding, Premenstrual syndrome (PMS), Extreme bloating and water retention, Loss of libido, Vaginal dryness, Painful sex, Easily upset, Irritable, Wanting to be solitary, Mood swings, Anxiety, Personality changes, Feelings of resentment, Jumpy , Lack of confidence, Nervousness, Stress, Anemia, Lack of coordination, Clumsiness, Tendency to fall, Restless Leg Syndrome, Flat feet, Depression, Panic attacks, Memory loss, Confusion, Brain fog, Mental sluggishness, Poor concentration, Noises and/or voices in head, Delusions, Phobias, Loss of drive, Nightmares, Suicidal thoughts, Frequent need to urinate, Decreased output of urine, Elevated liver enzymes, Breathlessness, Difficulty drawing a full breath, Shortness of breath, Tightness in chest, Slow/weak pulse (under 60 bpm) , Fast pulse (over 90 bpm at rest),Skipped beats, Heart palpitations, Chest pain

I was talking to my sister about it and she said it might be just a Vit. D deficiency but after reading this article I think I should go check my thyroid hormones !

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300+ Hypothyroidism SymptomsYes REALLY

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