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We May Have Uncovered the First Ever Evidence of the Multiverse – Futurism

Posted: April 28, 2017 at 12:47 am

In Brief A recent study on a spaceanomaly that has perplexed scientists for years has some suggesting that it could be explained by a parallel “bubble universe” although there are other, more standard potential explanations, as well. Too Cold

For years, scientists have been baffled by a weird anomaly far away in space: a mysteriousCold Spotabout1.8 billion light-years across. It is cooler than its surroundings byaround 0.00015 degrees Celsius (0.00027 degrees Fahrenheit), a fact astronomers discovered by measuring background radiation throughout the universe.

Previously, astronomers believed that this space could be cooler simply because it had less matter in it thanmost sections of space. They dubbed it amassive supervoidand estimated that it had 10,000 galaxies fewer than other comparable sections of space.

But now, in a recently published survey of galaxies, astronomers from the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS)say they have discovered that this supervoide could not exist. They now believe that the galaxies in the cold spot are just clustered around smaller voids that populate the cold spot like bubbles. These small voids, however, cannot explain the temperature difference observed.

To link the temperature differences to the smaller voids, the researcherssay a non-standard cosmological model would be required. But our data place powerful constraints on any attempt to do that, explained researcher Ruari Mackenzie in anRAS press release. While the study had a large margin of error, the simulations suggest there is only atwo percent probabilitythat the Cold Spot formed randomly.

This means we cant entirely rule out that the Spot is caused by an unlikely fluctuation explained by the standard model. But if that isnt the answer, then there are more exotic explanations, said researcher Tom Shanks inthe press release. Perhaps the most exciting of these is that the Cold Spot was caused by a collision between our universe and another bubble universe.

If more detailed studies support the findings of this research, the Cold Spot might turn out to be the first evidence for the multiverse, though far more evidence would be needed to confirm our universe is indeed one of many.

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We May Have Uncovered the First Ever Evidence of the Multiverse – Futurism

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A Remarkably Cheap Drug Could Eliminate the Leading Cause of Maternal Mortality – Futurism

Posted: April 28, 2017 at 12:47 am

In Brief A drug developed in the 1960s is making a much-needed comeback. Clinical trials of the inexpensive drug tranexamic acid have shown it is able to help save the lives of women who suffer from hemorrhages after childbirth. Drug of the Past

Although it seems like a problem of the past, women are still dying in childbirth across all areas of the world. In fact, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), roughly 830 women die in childbirth each day. Many ofthe causes are preventable, and of these, blood loss is the biggest contributor, killing roughly 100,000 women after they give birth every year.

The thing is, it neednt be the case. In the 1960s,a Japanese doctor named Utako Okamoto developed a powerful drug, tranexamic acid,that prevents hemorrhage after childbirth. It was Okamotos dream to save women, Haleema Shakur told NPR. But she couldnt convince doctors to test the drug on postpartum hemorrhaging.

That is, until now.

Shakur headed up clinical trials at the London School of Tropical Medicine and Hygienefor the tranexamic acid that Okamoto developed. The trials involved 20,000 women from about 200 hospitals across 21 countries. After each woman was diagnosed with postpartum hemorrhaging (heavy bleeding after childbirth), she was given either the drug or a placebo.

Roughly 1.2 percent of the women who received tranexamic acid within three hours of hemorrhaging died, according to the study, which waspublished in the journal The Lancet. Meanwhile, 1.7 percent died after receiving just a placebo.

I think the study is exciting, said Felicia Lester, an OB-GYN at the University of California, San Francisco, who does work in Uganda and Kenya. Im usually cautious in saying that. But it looks like tranexamic acid has the potential to save lives.

According to the WHO, 99 percent of all maternal deaths take place in developing countries,and women in rural areas or poorer communities are more likely to fall victim than those in cities or wealthier areas. Because tranexamic isnt costly to produce only about $3 in the U.K. and just a quarter of that in places like Pakistanits potential could easilyextend to these remote areas and poorer communities.

If you can save a life for approximately $3, then I believe thats worth doing, said Shakur. Now, we just need to make sure the drug actually gets to the women who need it the most.

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A Remarkably Cheap Drug Could Eliminate the Leading Cause of Maternal Mortality – Futurism

Recommendation and review posted by Guinevere Smith

Another Google Co-Founder Is Building a Secret Aircraft – Futurism

Posted: April 28, 2017 at 12:47 am

In Brief Another Google founder apparently has plans of building an aircraft. According to sources, the vehicle closely resembles a zeppelin and is currently housed at NASA’s Ames Research Center.

While Larry Page was busy bringing his flying car to reality, another Google co-founder, Sergey Brin, was apparentlyon a similar path, trying to create a vehicle that will take to the skies as well.

However, unlike Pages land/air hybrid vehicle, the Kitty Hawk Flyer, which could be introduced into the market as early as this year, Brins project is a giant airship resembling a zeppelin thats currently housed at the NASA Ames Research Center. According to a report by Bloomberg, the project was spurred after Brin saw old photos of the USS Macon, an old airship built by the US Navy.

This particular prototype could have beencreated as part of a potential business venture which would be timely, given that were at the cusp of airborne vehicles and flying taxi fleets becoming a reality. Or, it could be simply a passion project for Brin, who apparently has a long-standing fascination with airships. We just dont know yet.

News of this project has piqued the curiosity of many. New airship technology could potentially help cut delivery and transport costs, given that it can accommodate massive amounts of cargo and be more fuel efficient. But whatever his intentions are for this project,Brin certainly has a few experienced friends he can tap for advice.

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Another Google Co-Founder Is Building a Secret Aircraft – Futurism

Recommendation and review posted by Guinevere Smith

New Breakthrough Work Finally Lets Us Trigger Artificial Photosynthesis – Futurism

Posted: April 28, 2017 at 12:47 am

In BriefA researcher has created an affordable synthetic material thatmimics the natural process of photosynthesis, absorbing visiblelight to trigger a chemical reaction that cleans the air whileconverting CO2 into solar fuel. Blue Light, Clean Air

Scientists around the world have been tryingto trigger photosynthesis the natural process by which a plant converts carbon dioxide into fuel using sunlight in a synthetic material in a way that could have practical uses, but with limited success. Now, scientists have announced a breakthrough in the field that revolutionizes the power industry.

Researchers had always hit a wall when looking for a way to trigger the necessary chemical transformation using visible light. The materials they found that could absorb those wavelengths of light were either rare orexpensive, making the process financially impractical to pursue. Cheaper materials worked with ultraviolet rays, but those account for only four percent of sunlight.

In their researchrecently published in the Journal of Materials Chemistry A,University of Central Floridas (UCF)Fernando Uribe-Romo and his team reveal how they got around this using a type of synthetic material called a metal-organic framework (MOF). It was created by combining the common metal titanium with organic molecules that were programmed to absorb blue light.

When they tested the MOF within a blue LED photoreactor a cylinder lined with strips of blue LED lights the hoped-for chemical reaction occurred. The air was cleaned and the CO2 was converted into two types of solar fuel: formate and formamides.

This work is a breakthrough, said Uribe-Romo in a UCF news release. Tailoring materials that will absorb a specific color of light is very difficult from the scientific point of view, but from the societal point of view we are contributing to the development of a technology that can help reduce greenhouse gases.

The Earth is rapidly heading toward the worst CO2 levels its seen in more than 200 million years. In fact, in just the 150 years since the Industrial Revolution, the planets atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases have increased from 280 ppm to nearly 405 ppm. If the current trend continues, we could hit 2,000 ppm by 2250.

Plants are our allies in the pursuit of clean air as they naturally convert CO2 into oxygen. Being able to recreate their natural process on a large, more directed scale could prove invaluable in the fight against climate change.

The idea would be to set up stations that capture large amounts of CO2, like next to a power plant, explains Uribe-Romo in the press release. The gas would be sucked into the station, go through the process and recycle the greenhouse gases while producing energy that would be put back into the power plant.

That ability to not only eliminate pollutantsin the air but also produce clean energy opens up additional potential uses for the new material. Perhaps it could be used to power cars while also cleaning the air along freeways, or in solar roofs that keep the lights on inside and the air outside free of CO2. Once the seemingly impossible has been accomplished, everything else sounds pretty simple.

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New Breakthrough Work Finally Lets Us Trigger Artificial Photosynthesis – Futurism

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Leaked Photos From Tesla Show the Alien Robots That Will Build Model 3s – Futurism

Posted: April 28, 2017 at 12:47 am

In Brief Tesla’s employing a huge number of Kuko robots to build its Model 3 electric vehicle. These robots, which have also been part of the production lines for the Model S and Model X, would help bring Tesla’s cheapest EV to more people. Alien Robots

Tesla hired its first robots back in 2014to beused as part of a dedicated production center for the Model S. These robots, developed by German industrial manufacturerKuka Robotics, are also responsible for the Model X and Teslas energy product line. Now, photos leaked by someonewho claims they work as aField Service Engineer atKuka Robotics posted bya user inSoutheastTradersforumshow an army of Kuka robots ready to be shipped out.

These new Kuka robotsquirkily named after X-Men superheroes will be responsible for several Model 3 production line duties, including: spot welding, laser welding, handling, and loading materials, and various other tasks. The Kuka robots are part of what CEO Elon Musk previously called an alien dreadnought that will be tasked with building theModel 3. According to the person who posted the photos, the robots will be at the Tesla factory for the next 7 weeks to help set up and commission 467 robots and 21 KL slides.

Tesla users who toured the factory confirmed sightings of these alien robots. [T]here is an enormous area of the factory where the Model 3 assembly line is being built, said an owner from the Tesla Motors Club (Engle). There are Kuka robots all over the place waiting to be installed.

Tesla and Musk have long seen the value of automation in its factory production lines. As Teslas highly-anticipated Model 3 electric vehicle is slated to begin low volume production by July, these robots which cost between $50,000 to $500,000 will be essential. Supposedly, Tesla spent more than $50million on them and the additional $1.4B capital raised in March certainly helped cover the cost.

The Model 3 will be Teslas cheapest EV yet, priced at $35,000. Its expected to have the latest Autopilot software, an entirely unique display system, Teslas solar roof technology, as well as a number of featuresfound inpreexisting Tesla models.

As a less costly EV, the Model 3 is Teslas attempt to bring autonomous and green vehicles within the reach of more people. Research has indicated that autonomous vehicles are alreadysaving lives, andhelping the environment. Now its just a matter of getting them on the road.

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Leaked Photos From Tesla Show the Alien Robots That Will Build Model 3s – Futurism

Recommendation and review posted by Guinevere Smith

It’s Official. In 2025, NASA and the ESA Will Land on Europa to Look For Alien Life – Futurism

Posted: April 28, 2017 at 12:47 am

In BriefNASA and the ESA are planning to launch a joint mission toJupiter’s moon Europa. This icy satellite hosts a subterraneanocean larger than those on Earth, and it could hostextraterrestrial life. Exploring Together

Recent discoveries in space have made the search for life beyond Earth easier and more difficult at the same time. As more exoplanets and moons with the potential to support extraterrestrial life turn up, the probability of finding one that actually does increases. However, sending missions to explore all these potentially inhabited worlds has also become more difficult.

NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA)have come up with a rather practical solution: The two space agencies willpool their resources for one of these exploration missions. The target is Europa, one of Jupiters moons, and it is consideredone of the best candidates for alien life.

The proposal, dubbed the Joint Europa Mission (JEM), was unveiled Sunday in Vienna, Austria, at the annual meeting of the European Geosciences Union. The whole idea is that if we think exploring Europa for life is important, it should be an international adventure, Michel Blanc from the Research Institute in Astrophysics and Planetology in Toulouse, France, told New Scientist. The ultimate goal is to get to the surface and look for biosignatures of life.

The prospect of life on Europa increased when the moon was discovered to have a vast ocean hidden beneath its icy crust. This discovery wasreinforced by the observationof water plumes escaping to the surface. Researchers estimate thatEuropa boasts twice as much wateras our planet, so theres plenty to explore, and the ocean even seems to be more similar to Earths than previously thought.

The plan is for JEM to launch by the mid-2020s, and it would run for about six-and-a-half years. The first five of those would be used simply to reach Jupiter, then a few more days would be needed to reach Europa.

Upon reaching Europas orbit, a lander would be launched to explore the surface for 35 days, scanning material samples for traces of life. Meanwhile, the orbiter craft would spend three months taking various measurements to reveal Europas basic structure, focusing on the oceans composition. After that, the lander could crash into Europa while taking and transmitting data about the moons atmosphere.

While both NASA and the ESA have existing plans to explore Europa and the other icy-watery moons in the solar system, the planned combined effort would offer a unique advantage for both space agencies. Pooling their resources might make it easier to figure out solutions to key problems, such as Jupiters intense radiation and the need to make sure Europa wont be contaminated by organisms from Earth.

Theres great enthusiasm for this on both sides, Jakob van Zyl, director for solar system exploration at NASA JPL, told New Scientist. The budget request is now with the president.

Europa is just thefirst goal for collaborative space exploration. Potential missions to Jupiters other moons, as well as those of Saturn, could well be developed in the future. Perhaps alien life is justan Earth-formed partnership away.

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It’s Official. In 2025, NASA and the ESA Will Land on Europa to Look For Alien Life – Futurism

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