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13 Important Genetic Engineering Pros And Cons | Bio Explorer

Posted: October 16, 2019 at 6:41 pm

Over the last century, the field of genetics and biotechnology has greatly developed because of the better understanding of the gene. Because of the improvement of technology, scientists have already gone up until the manipulation of the genome (complete set of genes) of organisms. This process is called genetic engineering. In this article, we will explore 13 important genetic engineering pros and cons.

The sharing of genetic material among living organisms is known to be a natural event. This phenomenon is known to be very evident among bacteria, hence they are called natures own genetic engineer. Such phenomenon is the inspiration of scientists in this endeavor.

In literature, there are in fact many synonyms of the term genetic engineering: genetic modification, genome manipulation, genetic enhancement, and many more. However, this term shall not be confused with cloning because genetic engineering involves the production of new set of genes while the latter only involves the production of the same copies of genes in the organism.

Genetic engineering is the process of manipulating an organisms genome using biotechnology and the products of it are either referred to as genetically modified or transgenic organisms. Check out the disadvantages of genetically modified foods here.

Basically, genetic engineering is done by inserting a gene of interest from sources like bacteria, viruses, plants, and animals into the target organism. As a result, the organism with the inserted gene of interest is now able to carry out the new trait or characteristic.

This technology grants us the ability to overcome barriers, exchange genes among organisms, and produce new organisms with favorable traits.

For a more detailed explanation of the process, check out this video below:

Now we will dive into the pros and cons of Genetic Engineering now.

Supporters of genetic engineering believe that genetic engineering is indeed safe and is still comparable to the traditional process of breeding in plants and animals. Advocates of genetic engineering support the technology primarily because of the following reasons:

On the other hand, there are several types of potential health effects that could arise from the insertion of a novel gene into an organism. Critics disagree with the methods of genetic engineering because of:

Because of the technology used to create genetically modified crops and animals, private companies that produce them do not share their products at a reasonable cost with the public.

In addition, they believe that the process is somewhat disrupting the natural way and complexity of life. In addition to this, critics fear the misuse and abuse of biotechnology.

Indeed, genetic engineering will always have two opposite sides. While the possibilities of what science can create are endless, and the harmful effects also are. At present, it is important to know that the real risks and benefits of genetic engineering lie in how science is interpreted and used.

But theres really no doubt that with the rapid advancements in technology, the creation of GM organisms are also increasing.

What do you think? Are GM organisms slowly becoming the future?

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13 Important Genetic Engineering Pros And Cons | Bio Explorer

Recommendation and review posted by G. Smith

The Complete List Of Texas Medical Schools

Posted: October 15, 2019 at 10:46 am

Texas has an abundance of medical schools already, and there are only more to come! School is on the rise, which means pre-meds are hard at work on their MCAT studies and application preparations. If you are a Texas resident, you have more options than most! Here is the complete list of Texas medical schools, including the ones slated to open within the next few years. (These are in no way ranked by prestige.)

1. Baylor College of Medicine

Average GPA: 3.88

Average MCAT: 35 out of 45

Main Program: M.D.

There are currently 743 total medical students. Of the 6,618 people who applied in the last class, 732 were interviewed (452 of which were Texas residents), and of those interviewed and accepted, 186 enrolled this past year. Approximately 139 out of the 186 students in the first-year class are Texas residents. Located in the Texas Medical Center in the ever-so-humid and large city of Houston, Baylor is one of the most prestigious and competitive medical schools in the nation. However, it was voted the most affordable private medical school with in-state tuition set at $17,498 and out-of-state tuition at $30,598. Baylor College of Medicine is ranked 18th in the nation among medical schools by U.S. News and World Report.

2. UT Southwestern Medical School at Dallas

Average GPA: 3.88

Average MCAT: 34 out of 45

Main Program: M.D.

There are currently 939 medical students, with 226 in the first-year class. Of the 4,057 people who applied, 834 received an interview (750 of which were Texas residents). Of those interviewed and accepted, 226 enrolled. Eighty-five of the students that just enrolled are from Texas and an overwhelming 61 percent of first-year students are male (so all the single ladies put your hands up!). UT Southwestern is ranked 23rd in the nation by U.S. News and World Report.

3. University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio

Average GPA: 3.74

Average MCAT: 32 out of 45

Main Program: M.D

There are currently 880 medical students. Of the 4,133 people who applied, 974 received an interview (847 of which were Texas residents). Of those interviewed and accepted, 212 enrolled. Eighty-nine percent of the enrolled students are from Texas and 51 percent are female. UTHSC San Antonio is ranked 70th in the nation by U.S. News and World Report. Since it is located in San Antonio, you can definitely find some of the best Tex-Mex food to eat while cramming for your boards!

4. University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

Average GPA: 3.87

Average MCAT: 32 out of 45

Main Program: M.D.

There are currently 900 medical students. Of the 4,091 that applied for admission, 1,053 received an interview and 949 were Texas residents. Of those who were interviewed and accepted, 228 enrolled and 57 percent are male. Again, ladies, if you are looking for the perfect doctor husband, this is another great place to go. Located near the beach, UTMB at Galveston is ranked 111th in the nation by U.S. News and World Report.

5. University of North Texas Health Science Center

Average GPA: 3.59-3.6

Average MCAT: 28 out of 45

Main Program: D.O.

UNTHSC is the only Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine program in Texas. Of the 3,006 people that applied for admission, 837 received interviews. Of those who were interviewed, 454 were accepted and 228 enrolled (209 of which were Texas residents). There are only 30 medical schools in the U.S. which offer the D.O. degree. People with a D.O. degree can be physicians and surgeons just like those of the M.D. degree, however, the D.O. degree requires 300-500 hours of studying philosophically based techniques for hands-on manipulation of the human musculoskeletal system. D.O. schools are known to be slightly easier to gain admission into. UNTHSC is located in Fort Worth (which is the best city in the state of Texas), and is ranked 158th in the nation by U.S. News and World Report.

6. Texas A&M University Health Science Center

Average GPA: 3.74

Average MCAT: 30 out of 45

Main Program: M.D.

Of the 3,791 people who applied, 714 received an interview and 668 were Texas Residents. Of the people who were accepted, 199 enrolled, 95 percent of whom were Texas residents. Fifty-four percent of first-year students are female. The school is located, unfortunately, in College Station. It is ranked 101st in the nation by U.S. News and World Report. Aside from its location, it's a great medical school. Just keep in mind that you'll have to call yourself an Aggie for the rest of your life. Whoop...

7. Texas Tech Health Science Center

Average GPA: 3.78

Average MCAT: 32 out of 45

Main Program: M.D.

Of the 3,535 people who applied, 783 received an interview, 717 of whom were Texas Residents. Out of those interviewed and accepted, 150 enrolled, 90 percent of whom were Texas residents. Fifty-six percent of the students in the first-year class are male. TTHSC is located in Lubbock, where it smells like cow droppings and is almost worse than College Station because it's straight-up in the middle of nowhere. At least you won't be distracted from studying, because there's not much to do out there in the middle of the plains of Texas. The school is ranked 104th in the nation by U.S. News and World Report. However, it does snow there, which could be fun.

8. Texas Tech Paul L. Foster School of Medicine

Average GPA: 3.6

Average MCAT: 28 out of 45

Main Program: M.D.

Located in El Paso, the Texas Tech Paul L. Foster School of Medicine has 100 students in its first-year class, 99 percent of whom are Texas residents. The current first-year class is 65 percent male and 35 percent female. Learning Spanish is an additional requirement at this school. I was not able to find as much in-depth information about this school, but I can also guess there is very good, authentic Mexican food around. Learning Spanish truly gives you an edge in Texas medicine, so I think this would also be a very solid choice of medical school.

9. UT Health Science Center at Houston

Average GPA: 3.84

Average MCAT: 33 out of 45

Main Program: M.D.

There are currently 958 medical students, with 240 of them in the first-year class. Of the 4,393 who applied, 845 received interviews (791 of whom are Texas residents). The first-year class is 55 percent male. This school is neighbored with Baylor College of Medicine. It looks like this town is "big enough for the two of us." Houston is a great place for medicine, especially since it contains THE world-class M.D. Anderson Cancer Center.

UNDER CONSTRUCTION

10. Dell Medical School

We have yet to know the average GPAs or MCATs at this medical school, because it is BRAND NEW AND NOT EVEN FINISHED BEING BUILT YET! It has, however, received preliminary accreditation, which means it will begin recruiting its first class this year. Its first class will contain 50 students in June of 2016. Dell Medical School hopes to revolutionize medical education by creating educational flexibility for students to determine their own objectives for clinical cases, commitment to innovation of care in the Austin community, focus on leadership development, integrating more technology into medicine, and increasing student presence in the community. Dell Medical School will be located in Austin, home of the Texas Longhorns, great food, live music festivals, prime hiking and camping spots in the hill country, and hippies. While the first class may seem small, it is only because the school will not be fully licensed yet. Class sizes will increase over time.

11. University of Texas Rio Grande Valley School of Medicine

The school of medicine will welcome its first class in fall of 2016. The program already has already accepted 42 medical residents to begin clinical rotations in Valley Baptist Medical Center in Harlingen, McAllen Medical Center, and Doctors Hospital at Renaissance in Edinburg.

12. TCU & UNT Medical School

TCU recently announced its partnership with UNT to create the first M.D. program in Fort Worth, in addition to the D.O. program. The school will accept its first class of 60 students in 2018. To minimize costs, it will utilize both the UNTHSC and TCU campuses and existing faculty. People who graduate from this medical school will be alumni of both UNT and TCU.

13. University of the Incarnate World Medical School

Main Program: D.O.

The University of the Incarnate World is a Catholic institution located in San Antonio. It will be the only faith-based medical school in the state of Texas. It is currently applying for its accreditation by the American Osteopathic Association in the hope of welcoming its first class of 150 medical students in July of 2017.

With the addition of the four new medical schools, Texas will tie with California for having the second most medical schools in the U.S., leaving New York at the top with 16. The opening of new medical schools and increased enrollment has been a side effect of Obamacare. Obamacare will now emphasize an increase in demand for primary-care physicians, rather than specialties, to aim for more preventative care. There will be more scholarships and loans available to students who pursue primary care. In 2013, overall medical school enrollment increased by 6.1 percent. Today, people are becoming more aware of the Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine degree. D.O. schools will expect an increased enrollment of 162 percent by 2020, whereas M.D. schools will expect an increased enrollment of 29 percent because D.O. degrees emphasize more primary, preventative care.

Texas is a melting pot for medicine, and is only becoming more prominent. Just remember to maximize your options when applying for medical school!

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The Complete List Of Texas Medical Schools

Recommendation and review posted by G. Smith

Bioengineering Department | Temple University College of …

Posted: October 15, 2019 at 10:45 am

Our graduates join and leadinterdisciplinary teams of engineers, scientists and clinicians to solve fundamental problems in the world around us.Temple's Bioengineering Department has a strong focus on understanding human physiology and pathophysiology as well as the associated diseases and injuries.

Bioengineers graduating from our programs have a solid foundation in both engineering and life sciences, as well as a strong sense for translational bioengineering research. Our courses and our research helps to trainstudentsto understand and employ basic and applied knowledge from diverse areas of engineering and sciences, such as thermodynamics, biomechanics, bioinformatics, bioimaging, bioprocessing, fluid mechanics, polymer chemistry, biomaterials and tissue engineering. These students alsogain an understanding of cellular, molecular and regenerative engineering.

The department aims to use engineering to solve and improve in areas such asinnovative medical devices and diagnostic equipment, smart biomaterials, novel bioimaging modalities to detect and predict diseases such as cancer.Our bioengineering research and well trained bioengineers aim to thesolve fundamental problems in the world around us andimprove the quality of global health care and the standard of living throughout the world.

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Bioengineering Department | Temple University College of ...

Recommendation and review posted by G. Smith

Stem Cell Therapy: A Rising Tide: How Stem Cells Are …

Posted: October 15, 2019 at 10:44 am

Stem cells are the repair cells of your body. When there arent enough of them, or they arent working properly, chronic diseases can manifest and persist.

From industry leaders, sport stars, and Hollywood icons to thousands of everyday, ordinary people, stem cell therapy has helped when standard medicine failed. Many of them had lost hope. These are their stories.

Neil H Riordan, author of MSC: Clinical Evidence Leading Medicines Next Frontier, the definitive textbook on clinical stem cell therapy, brings you an easy-to-read book about how and why stem cells work, and why theyre the wave of the future.

Neil takes readers on a riveting journey through the past, present and future of stem cell therapy. His well-researched, educational and entertaining book could change your life. I highly recommend it. Tony Robbins, NY Times #1 Bestselling Author

100 years old will soon become the new 60. Stem cells are a key therapeutic to enable this future. Dr. Riordans book is your guide to why this is true and how you will benefit. A must read for anyone who cares about extending their healthy lifespan.Peter H. Diamandis, MD; Founder, XPRIZE & Singularity University; Co-Founder, Human Longevity, Inc.; Author of NY Times Best Sellers Abundance and Bold

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Stem Cell Therapy: A Rising Tide: How Stem Cells Are ...

Recommendation and review posted by G. Smith

Stem Cell Therapy for Anti-Aging, & Pain Relief | Tampa …

Posted: October 15, 2019 at 10:44 am

Stem Cell Therapy has been around for quite some time, but due to high cost it was primarily used for recovery in athletes and the financial elite. However, with the progression of science and knowledge, stem cell therapy has become much more widely used and financially attainable.

Tampa Rejuvenation is the first in Tampa Bay to utilize the benefits of stem cell therapy for the purpose of anti-aging, sexual performance, and pain relief. We realize as our patients age, their bodies no longer have the regenerative properties to attain the desired results from using their growth factors alone as with our PRP, or Plasma Rich Platelet, therapy. Although many patients will still yield improvement with the PRP alone, the magnitude of cytokines and growth factors in your blood as you age will deplete with age. By implementing stem cell therapy, the number of growth factors are exponential, allowing our bodies to regenerate on a magnitude that is otherwise unattainable with some results lasting for 3-5 years.

Stem Cell Therapy can be used to restore vitality to the skin, encourage the growth of hair, and even restore sexual performance and pleasure.

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Stem Cell Therapy for Anti-Aging, & Pain Relief | Tampa ...

Recommendation and review posted by G. Smith

U.S. Transhumanist Party / Transhuman Party Official …

Posted: October 15, 2019 at 10:43 am

Steve Hill

Editors Note: In this article, originally published on August 26, 2019, by the Life Extension Advocacy Foundation (LEAF), Mr. Steve Hill reviews an MIT Technology Review article authored by David Adam. Mr. Adam gives his view of the research field of aging, and Mr. Hill is impressed by the factualism compared to the MIT Technology Reviews previous articles that covered the topic. Mr. Hill goes on to discuss aging and lifespan in other species and address the question: Is aging a disease, and does it really matter?

~Bobby Ridge, Assistant Editor, September 9, 2019

It is a sure sign that the tide has turned when mainstream news outlets and magazines start publishing positive articles about aging research and the prospects of rejuvenation.

A refreshing change

Today, I want to highlight an article in MIT Technology Review in which the author, David Adam, gives a sensible and measured overview of what is happening in the field and manages to sidestep the usual negativity and misconceptions that often plague popular science pieces.

Since ancient times, aging has been viewed as simply inevitable, unstoppable, natures way. Natural causes have long been blamed for deaths among the old, even if they died of a recognized pathological condition. The medical writer Galen argued back in the second century AD that aging is a natural process.

His view, the acceptance that one can die simply of old age, has dominated ever since. We think of aging as the accumulation of all the other conditions that get more common as we get oldercancer, dementia, physical frailty. All that tells us, though, is that were going to sicken and die; it doesnt give us a way to change it. We dont have much more control over our destiny than a Cyclops.

But a growing number of scientists are questioning our basic conception of aging. What if you could challenge your deathor even prevent it altogether? What if the panoply of diseases that strike us in old age are symptoms, not causes? What would change if we classified aging itself as the disease?

The article skips the sensationalism and assumptions that many journalists typically make about aging research; instead, we get a solid piece of factual journalism. This is in stark contrast to the reporting done by this outlet a few years ago, as it had published irrationally skeptical and frequently negative coverage of the field and the science behind it.

This may be partially due to changes to the editorial staff at the magazine, which happened in 2017, but it is also indicative of the wider acceptance of the idea that we may be able to do something about aging. The same magazine has even published a special issue entitled Old Age is Over! If you want it, which takes a deeper dive into the topic, though this is paid content.

There may be a choice about how we age

For millennia, it has been assumed that aging is a one-way street and that we must simply accept that there is nothing we can do about it, aside from facing age-related ill health with stoicism. However, the situation has somewhat changed. As researchers have discovered more about how aging works, the processes driving it, and the results from model animals, it has become increasingly clear to many people that something might be done about aging in order to delay, prevent, or potentially reverse age-related diseases.

We already know that a number of species do not age; this phenomenon is known as negligible senescence. This simply means that the organism does not show a decline of survival characteristics, such as muscle strength, mobility, and senses. Such species also do not experience an increased mortality rate with advancing age or a loss of reproductive capability with age.

These species tend to have much more efficient repair systems that are capable of offsetting and repairing damage rapidly enough to prevent it from accumulating and snowballing out of control as it does in humans. We are relatively long-lived as a species, but, compared to some longevity champions, such as the bowhead whale at 200 years plus, the Greenland shark at 400 or more years, and the ocean quahog clam, which lives at least 507 years, our lifespan is relatively brief.

So, the race is now on to see if we can develop therapies to repair age-related damage, slow down how fast that damage accrues, and see if we can emulate these kings of longevity. The key take-home message here is that there is no biological reason that humans might not live longer, healthier lives if such therapies are developed.

Exactly how long that might be is a matter of speculation; it could be a few years, a decade or two, or perhaps more. The key point is that the researchers who are developing these therapies are aiming to make those extra years healthy ones, and that is surely something that most people can get behind.

Is aging a disease, and does it really matter?

Some researchers propose that aging is a disease, and while this is a somewhat contentious view, it has some merit and is absolutely worthy of further discussion. We discussed if aging is natural or pathological in a previous article, and while the case can certainly be made that aging is a disease, it may more accurately fit the description of a co-morbid syndrome: a group of symptoms that consistently occur together and a condition characterized by a set of associated symptoms.

Whether or not they believe in either the disease hypothesis or maximum life spans, most experts agree that something has to change in the way we deal with aging. If we dont do something about the dramatic increase in older people, and find ways to keep them healthy and functional, then we have a major quality-of-life issue and a major economic issue on our hands. Dr. Brian Kennedy

This matter is largely a matter of semantics, and the important thing is that, from a regulatory point of view, including aging as a disease state or syndrome would make it easier to develop therapies that directly target the aging processes themselves. Currently, therapies must focus on single diseases in order to progress through clinical trials, which is not the most optimal approach.

However, it is my personal view that this situation will not change much until the first successful human demonstration of rejuvenation therapy occurs. Until then, researchers will continue to work within the current regulatory system, and while this is, by its nature, slower, it does not prevent progress being made. Fortunately, there are now a lot of companies working in this space, and a number of therapies are quite far along in development.

A therapy that works in humans against one age-related disease by targeting an aging process directly could potentially treat a slew of other related diseases, and so any successful therapy making it through the system would likely rapidly see off-label usage for other, similar conditions.

Conclusion

In closing, it is refreshing to see more balanced and fair reporting on the field and the science of aging rather than the negative and highly biased material that this outlet had published prior to 2017. Reasonable skepticism is perfectly understandable, especially in a field as cutting-edge as rejuvenation biotechnology, which is charting unknown waters and attempting to do what has long been thought impossible.

However, the weight of evidence, the results of a myriad of animal studies demonstrating age reversal, and the rapid increase of scientific understanding should balance that skepticism in anyone interested in science and the actual facts. A magazine devoted to science really should be at the top of its game when reporting the facts, and this and other recent articles on the topic have been much closer to this mark. Oh my, how times have changed.

Steve Hill serves on the LEAF Board of Directors and is the Editor in Chief, coordinating the daily news articles and social media content of the organization. He is an active journalist in the aging research and biotechnology field and has to date written over 500 articles on the topic as well as attending various medical industry conferences. In 2019 he was listed in the top 100 journalists covering biomedicine and longevity research in the industry report Top-100 Journalists covering advanced biomedicine and longevity, created by the Aging Analytics Agency. His work has been featured in H+ Magazine, Psychology Today, Singularity Weblog, Standpoint Magazine, Keep Me Prime, and New Economy Magazine. Steve has a background in project management and administration which has helped him to build a united team for effective fundraising and content creation, while his additional knowledge of biology and statistical data analysis allows him to carefully assess and coordinate the scientific groups involved in the project. In 2015 he led the Major Mouse Testing Program (MMTP) for the International Longevity Alliance and in 2016 helped the team of the SENS Research Foundation to reach their goal for the OncoSENS campaign for cancer research.

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U.S. Transhumanist Party / Transhuman Party Official ...

Recommendation and review posted by G. Smith


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