Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)
The BRFSS is an annual state-based telephone survey of the U.S. civilian, non-institutionalized adult population. The core questionnaire contains questions asked of all respondents, while states may choose to also include optional modules addressing various topics. The core questionnaire asks about whether a person has been diagnosed with depression. An optional Anxiety and Depression Module assesses the prevalence of anxiety and depressive disorders in the general population at the state level. This module is composed of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-8) which has been validated against the diagnostic criteria for a depressive disorder in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NHANES is a program of studies designed to assess the health and nutritional status of adults and children in the U. S., which is conducted in 2-year cycles. The survey is unique in that it combines interviews and physical examinations. A depression screener has been administered during a computer-assisted personal interview as part of NHANES since 2005.
During 20002004, NHANES assessed major depression and dysthymia during the past 12 months using parent and child report using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children (DISC-IV). Currently, NHANES uses self-reported symptoms drawn from the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) to assess depression during the past 2 weeks among adolescents aged 1217 years.
The NSCH is a cross-sectional national (50 states and DC) telephone survey of parents in households with at least one child aged 0 to 17 years at the time of the interview. Parents report on their childrens health. To assess for depression, parents are asked: Has a doctor or other health care provider ever told you that [CHILD] had depression. If yes parents were asked Does [CHILD] currently have depression? and if yes, parents were asked to rate current depression as mild, moderate or severe.
The NSDUH is sponsored by SAMHSA and uses a series of questions asked through an audio computer-assisted self-interviewing (ACASI) household interview to assess whether adolescents have experienced a major depressive episode, based on DSM criteria and is measured for the lifetime and past year.
PRAMS is a state-based, cross-sectional survey of women who have recently delivered a live-born infant. The survey provides population-based data that can be used to develop maternal and infant health programs and policies. Data are collected in 37 states and New York City and represent approximately 75% of the births in the U. S. PRAMS provides estimates of postpartum depression by using two questions similar to those included in the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-8): 1) Since your new baby was born, how often have you felt down, depressed, or hopeless? and 2) Since your new baby was born, how often have you had little interest in doing things? Possible responses are never, rarely, sometimes, often, and always.
The national Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) was developed to monitor health-risk behaviors that contribute substantially to the leading causes of death, disability, and social problems among children and young adults in the United States. YRBS uses a three-stage cluster sample design to produce a representative sample of public and private high school students in grades 912 in the 50 states and DC. YRBS questionnaires are self-administered; students record their responses on a computer-scannable booklet or answer sheet. One symptom of depression, feeling sad or hopeless, is assessed by the question: “During the past 12 months, did you ever feel so sad or hopeless almost every day for 2 weeks or more in a row that you stopped doing some usual activities?”
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CDC – Depression – Mental Illness – Mental Health Basics …
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