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Category Archives: Menopause
Menopause Menopause Overview
Menopause, the time when a woman stops having menstrual periods, is not a disease or an illness. It is a transition between two phases of a woman's life.
Many women experience a variety of symptoms as a result of the hormonal changes associated with the transition through menopause. Around the time of menopause, women often lose bone density and their blood cholesterol levels may worsen, increasing their risk of heart disease.
Premature menopause: The average age of U.S. women at the time of menopause is 51 years. The most common age range at which women experience menopause is 48-55 years. If menopause occurs in a woman younger than 40 years, it is considered to be premature. Menopause is considered late if it occurs in a woman older than 55 years. For most women, menopause is a normal occurrence.
Perimenopause: The hormonal changes associated with menopause actually begin prior to the last menstrual period, during a three to five year period called the perimenopause. During this transition, women may begin to experience menopausal symptoms and may lose bone density, even though they are still menstruating.
Surgical menopause: Surgical menopause is menopause induced by the removal of the ovaries. Women who have had surgical menopause often have a sudden and severe onset of the symptoms of menopause.
Menopause occurs due to a complex series of hormonal changes. Associated with the menopause is a decline in the number of functioning eggs within the ovaries. At the time of birth, most females have about 1 to 3 million eggs, which are gradually lost throughout a woman's life. By the time of a girl's first menstrual period, she has an average of about 400,000 eggs. By the time of menopause, a woman may have fewer than 10,000 eggs. A small percentage of these eggs are lost through normal ovulation (the monthly cycle). Most eggs die off through a process called atresia (the degeneration and subsequent resorption of immature ovarian follicles - fluid filled cysts that contain the eggs).
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/9/2014
Menopause: Click for Symptoms and Home Remedies
In addition to dealing with hot flashes, mood swings, and other symptoms that accompany menopause, many women undergoing premature menopause have to cope with additional physical and emotional concerns.
Prematuremenopauseismenopausethat happens before the age of 40 whether it is natural or induced. Women who enter menopause early get symptoms similar to those of natural menopause, likehot flashes, emotional problems,vaginal dryness, and decreasedsex drive.
Menopauseis the end of a woman's menstrual cycle andfertility. It happens when the ovaries no longer makeestrogenandprogesterone, two hormones needed for a woman's fertility, and periods have stopped for 1 year.
Discuss these frequently asked questions and answers about menopause with your doctor.
The term "menopause" is commonly used to describe any of the changes a woman experiences either just before or after she stops menstruating, marking the end of her reproductive period.
Menopausesimply means the end ofmenstruationfor one year. As a woman ages, there is a gradual decline in the function of her ovaries and the production ofestrogen.
Some women experience induced menopause as a result of surgery or medical treatments, such as chemotherapy and pelvic radiation therapy.
If menopausal symptoms occur, they may include hot flashes, night sweats, pain during intercourse, increased anxiety or irritability, and the need to urinate more often.
Loss of estrogen is believed to be the cause of many of the symptoms associated with menopause.
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Menopause - Symptoms and Types of Menopause - from WebMD
Reviewed byDrJeniWorden, GP
The menopause, also called the change of life, is defined as the end of the last menstrual period.
In Western women, it occurs on average at 51 years, but there's a wide range extending from your 30s to 60s.
Going through the menopause before the age of 40 is known as premature menopause and between 41 and 45 as early menopause.
The menopause occurs when the ovaries no longer respond to the controlling hormones released by the pituitary gland of the brain.
As a result, the ovaries fail to release an egg each month and to produce the female sex hormones oestrogen and progesterone.
It is the fall in the levels of these hormones in the bloodstream that gives rise to the symptoms of menopause.
Research into the menopause is relatively recent. One hundred years ago, when life expectancy was shorter, most women did not live long after the menopause and so little was known about it.
Many women experience symptoms of the menopause and irregular periods for several years up to the menopause itself.
This is called the climacteric, or 'perimenopause', and represents the gradual decline in the normal function of the ovaries.
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The menopause - Netdoctor
The menopause can cause a wide range of physical and psychological symptoms.
The first symptom is usually a change in the pattern of your monthly periods.
The start of the menopause is known as the perimenopausal stage, during which you may have light or heavy periods (menorrhagia).
The frequency of your periods may also be affected. You may have one every two or three weeks, or you may not have one for months at a time.
Other menopausal symptoms include:
It's difficult to predict how long the menopause will last because it affects each woman differently.
The severity of symptoms and the overallduration of the menopause will vary depending on a number of factors including genetics, lifestyle, diet, stress and overall health.
The perimenopause (the initial stage) may only last for a few months or for some women it may continue for as long as 10 years. The average duration of the perimenopause is around four years.The perimenopause ends when a woman has gone 12 months without having a period.
Vaginal symptoms, such as dryness, can sometimes persist and get worse with age.
If you experience the menopause suddenly, rather than gradually, your symptoms may be worse.
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Menopause - Symptoms - NHS Choices
Menopause facts Menopause is defined as the absence of menstrual periods for 12 months. It is the time in a woman's life when the function of the ovaries ceases. The process of menopause does not occur overnight, but rather is a gradual process. This so-called perimenopausal transition period is a different experience for each woman. The average age of menopause is 51 years old, but menopause may occur as early as the 30s or as late as the 60s. There is no reliable lab test to predict when a woman will experience menopause. The age at which a woman starts having menstrual periods is not related to the age of menopause onset. Symptoms of menopause can include abnormal vaginal bleeding, hot flashes, vaginal and urinary symptoms, and mood changes. Complications that women may develop after menopause include osteoporosis and heart disease. Treatments for menopause are customized for each woman. Treatments are directed toward alleviating uncomfortable or distressing symptoms. Continue Reading
Medscape. The 2012 Hormone Therapy Position Statement of The North American Menopause Society.
Medscape. The Role of Soy Isoflavones in Menopausal Health.
Rossouw JE; Anderson GL; Prentice RL et al. Risks and benefits of estrogen plus progestin in healthy postmenopausal women: principal results From the Women's Health Initiative randomized controlled trial. JAMA 2002 Jul 17;288(3):321-33.
4. Getty Images
Menopause Symptoms, Perimenopause, and Treatment
Menopause, is when a woman stops menstruating and can no longer get pregnant, which is a natural event, not a disease or illness. However, for some women the physical and emotional symptoms can be difficult.
Menopause involves hormonal changes that may cause physical symptoms; the ovaries stop producing estrogen and progesterone, the female sex hormones, and estrogen levels decline over several years. That decline can cause:
For some women, menopause may bring on feelings of sadness. However, it is important to remember that menopause does not mean an end to your sexuality, or that you are any less feminine. In fact, some women find the years after menopause to be a time of freedom, when they no longer have to think about having a period or becoming pregnant.
Today, an estimated 50 million women in the United States have reached menopause. Most women will spend at least one-third of their lives in or beyond menopause.
Technically, menopause is considered complete when a woman has not had a period for an entire year. On average, menopause occurs at age 51, but it varies from person to person. Because menopause is a process that happens over several years, it is divided into two phases:
Another type of menopause, known as surgical menopause, happens if both ovaries are removed for medical reasons. This may be done if you have a hysterectomy, the removal of the uterus.
After menopause, women lose the protective effects of estrogen and are at increased risk for osteoporosis and heart disease. There are a variety of treatments available, however, to help ease the symptoms and reduce health risks associated with menopause.
Symptoms of menopause vary from woman to woman. Some studies suggest that the signs and symptoms of menopause may vary between cultural groups. For example, up to 80% of American women experience hot flashes while only 10% of Japanese women have that symptom. Some researchers think that may be due to differences in diet, lifestyle, or cultural attitudes toward aging.
The following are general symptoms of menopause:
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Menopause | University of Maryland Medical Center