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Category Archives: Chemistry

Catalysis and chemical bonds that make us stronger – Chemistry World

Fuelled by the expanding global population, the World Economic Forum expects demand for chemicals and materials toquadruple by 2050. To meet the growing need for sustainable approaches to chemical synthesis and manufacturing, industry is opening its doors to new ideas. Increasingly, companies within the chemicals and pharmaceuticals sectors are relying on R&D from outside sources. As such, the previously closed world of chemical manufacturing is becoming less reserved, with innovation evolving into a more open and collaborative procedure.

New approaches to collaboration within chemical development are driven by the realisation that working together is essential to catalyse innovations, and provide a competitive edge. At Umicore Precious Metals Chemistry(PMC),we know how important collaboration is to industrial success. We draw on decades of collaboration experience to help diverse industry partners including the oxo-alcohols sector develop innovative approaches to sustainability and drive drug R&D.

It is estimated that 80% of all chemical commodities are passed on as semi-finished products to other branches of industry including automotive, pharmaceutical and microelectronics.[1] Serving high-value chemicals to these sectors is notoriously costly, lengthy and, in some cases, unsustainable. To help the chemicals industry meet tomorrows needs, innovation models that offer partners the benefits of sharing risks and profits are needed. While collaborative innovation can bring many benefits, it can also create tension over intellectual property (IP) and trust.

Sharing key IP can mean greater potential to co-develop breakthrough products and processes

Whether optimising a process, deriving new synthetic routes or producing a new formulation chemists constantly invent and generate new IP that is vital to downstream customers. Recent research shows that patented products and processes account for between 80 to 90% of sales within the pharmaceutical and fine chemicals industry.[2] Historically, emphasis on IP fuelled a culture of secrecy in R&D. However, in sharing key IP through multi-company collaborations, theres potential to co-develop breakthrough products and processes.

Since 2010, Umicore PMC partnerships have underpinned a portfolio of advanced metathesis and cross-coupling catalyst technologies. The PMC division has also formed industry partnerships with key companies within performance materials, electronics and pharmaceutical sectors.With these collaborations, Umicore PMC gained insight into the pragmatic co-creation and efficient sharing of relevant IP. Weve developed new chemicals from renewables and uncovered sustainable synthetic routes for important pharmaceutical ingredients. For innovation like this to continue, collaboration and co-operation is vital.

Good communication channels are essential for instillingconfidence between partners. Once trust is established, goals are achieved effectively. Our longstanding collaborations with key oxo-alcohol manufacturers is a case in point.As fundamental starting materials for manufacturing solvents, paints, adhesives and plasticisers, oxo-alcohols are prepared via a hydroformylation reaction using rhodium-based catalysts. At around 227,000 per kilogram today, this process uses several tens of kilograms of rhodium is a significant pain point for stakeholders. Efficient catalysis, and recycling methods, are very important to these industries. Because our catalysis and metal recycling experts maintain such close relationships with industry partners, we are able to tailor aportfolio of high quality and safe hydroformylation catalysts.

Combined with the high-efficiency recycling technology we use which we believe is capable of recycling more rhodium metal than any other existing recycling technology we provide a high-value cost effective service to our customers.The pursuit of more sustainable and environmentally conscious manufacturing processes for performance chemicals prompted one customer to use metathesis technologies to valorise non-edible feedstock in the cost-efficient synthesis of renewable chemicals.

Working within European Multilevel Integrated Biorefinery Design for Sustainable Biomass Processing one of the EUs largest co-funded R&D projects we demonstrated that renewable chemicals manufacturing is not only technically viable but cost-efficient at an industrial scale. And, the methods that emerged from the collaborationprovide the chemicals with more properties than oil derivatives. Close collaboration between multiple partners, open communication and efficient project management underpinned the innovation.

One elegant synthesis pathway using a proprietary Umicore PMC palladium cross-coupling catalyst for an active pharmaceutical ingredient involving a cross-coupling reaction on a difficult substrate demonstrates important scale-up phase aspects.With the active ingredient of the drug having successfully passed approvals and set for launch, an independent contract research organisation was engaged to troubleshoot the process and confirm the catalysts superiority among a broad panel of cross-coupling technologies. Industrialisation is set to begin upon its completion.

The drugs originator a company based in Asia selected two contract manufacturing organisations(CMO) in different regions of the world to manufacture the active ingredient. This configuration demanded meticulous coordination between Umicore PMC and both contract manufacturing organisations, as well as with the originator.Strong coordination ensured the CMOs quickly mastered the chemistries involved in the synthesis and underpinned a robust supply chain between Umicore and the CMOs for the catalyst and its key starting materials. We planned and implemented a seamless transfer and qualification of production at our most appropriate manufacturing sites for these customers.

Constant communication helped us all plan the right production volumes at the right time, as well as address the palladium recycling to make the process more sustainable and cost efficient. That close coordination allowed for the successful and timely launch of a new drug, backed up with a robust and efficient manufacturing process translating to a cost-effective solution delivered at the most relevant time.

To succeed in increasingly demanding markets, vendors must strengthen their competitive position by thoroughly understanding and serving the needs of the customer whether asked for or unrequested. At Umicore, our customers benefit from our comprehensive range of services and offerings and our deep understanding of their businesses and challenges. Rather than working only with businesses that occupy the next step in the value chain, we create an ecosystem of partners that collaborate to deliver better and more sustainable results for the customers.

Our philosophy is simple working together brings out the best in us all. Visit the Umicore PMC Websiteto learn more about how we work with our customers and partners to ensure every project meets their expectations.

The author of this piece is Volker Raab, director of global business homogeneous catalysts at Umicore PMC.

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Catalysis and chemical bonds that make us stronger - Chemistry World

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Levitation Thats No Trick: Scientists to Perform Touchless Chemical Reactions – SciTechDaily

Levitation has long been a staple of magic tricks and movies. But in the lab, its no trick. Scientists can levitate droplets of liquid, though mixing them and observing the reactions has been challenging. The pay-off, however, could be big as it would allow researchers to conduct contact-free experiments without containers or handling that might affect the outcome. Now, a team reporting in ACS Analytical Chemistry has developed a method to do just that.

Scientists have made devices to levitate small objects, but most methods require the object to have certain physical properties, such as electric charge or magnetism. In contrast, acoustic levitation, which uses sound waves to suspend an object in a gas, doesnt rely on such properties. Yet existing devices for acoustic levitation and mixing of single particles or droplets are complex, and it is difficult to obtain measurements from them as a chemical reaction is happening. Stephen Brotton and Ralf Kaiser wanted to develop a versatile technique for the contactless control of two chemically distinct droplets, with a set of probes to follow the reaction as the droplets merge.

Levitating droplets of acidic and basic solutions (left) merge into a larger droplet (right), in which carbon dioxide bubbles form as a product of the reaction. Credit: Analytical Chemistry 2020, DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.0c00929

The team made an acoustic levitator and suspended two droplets in it, one above the other. Then, they made the upper droplet oscillate by varying the amplitude of the sound wave. The oscillating upper droplet merged with the lower droplet, and the resulting chemical reaction was monitored with infrared, Raman and ultraviolet-visible spectroscopies. The researchers tested the technique by combining different droplets. In one experiment, for example, they merged an ionic liquid with nitric acid, causing a tiny explosion. The new levitation method could help scientists study many different types of chemical reactions in areas such as material sciences, medicinal chemistry and planetary science, the researchers say.

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Reference: Controlled Chemistry via Contactless Manipulation and Merging of Droplets in an Acoustic Levitator by Stephen J. Brotton and Ralf I. Kaiser, 1 June 2020, Analytical Chemistry.DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.0c00929

The authors acknowledge funding from the Office of Naval Research.

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Levitation Thats No Trick: Scientists to Perform Touchless Chemical Reactions - SciTechDaily

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On Miles, Blu & Exile Strengthen Their Chemistry and Revisit Their Roots – bandcamp.com

FEATURES On Miles, Blu & Exile Strengthen Their Chemistry and Revisit Their Roots By Danny Schwartz July 07, 2020

On Dancing in the Rain, from Blu & Exiles 2007 debut album Below the Heavens, rapper Blu describes a symbolic act of defiance. He clocks out of work in a rainstorm and discovers that hes short on bus fare. In response to this stroke of bad luck, he turns up his headphones, kicks off his shoes, and stomps gleefully in the puddles near the bus stop. This spiritof a resilient working-class bluesman, navigating the ups and downs of everyday lifeanimates Below the Heavens, which today remains a pillar of backpack rap, a union of two dedicated classicists who werent trying to reinvent the wheel but ended up paving their own lane. On Miles: From An Interlude Called Life, their first full-length album in eight years, Blu & Exile stay true to their roots.

Exile builds his boom-bap beats around soul and jazz loopsTony Bennett, cool-era Miles Davis, Philadelphia souland Blu delivers the striving, aspirational energy of a rap romantic whos been down and out without a dollar for food. The albums title pays tribute to Miles Davis, of course, as well as Blu & Exiles winding journeys, both together and apart. It felt like we had been miles away from where we started, and it felt like we had a lot to say about all those miles that weve traveled since weve begun, Blu says. Just miles carries multiple meanings, the albums themes surface in part through repetition of keywords, like black and blue. As Blu filters his identity as a Black man through familial and historical lenses, Miles comes into focus.

Blu and Exile started piecing together a trap album in 2015 by trading beats and verses over email. They scrapped it in 2017. It wasnt as genuine, especially for our fan base, Blu explains. I was being a little more experimental, which Im known to be with some of my projects. We decided to go back to the drawing board. We went back to our old music. They began on the album that would become Miles with a more intentional, in-person form of collaboration. They cut 40 songs in all for the project. We were kind of disconnected as friends, he says. We were still working, creatively, but once we built back on our friendship again, it built back on our chemistry to be able to create an album that we love.

Miles is a spacious, 20-track double album that gives Blu time to take several lengthy strolls down memory lane, through his childhood in South Central Los Angeles. Together, these memories offer a clear window into Blus upbringing and the preconditions for his rap career, which he believed would deliver him from his familys financial struggles. Rap and family are intertwined; on Music is My Everything, he recalls how his cousin taught him what a bassline was, and other pearls from his early musical education, like, Memories of Eazy-E when I was 3, my auntie dated him, my papa would bang him on the way to the beach. On Blue As I Can Be, he remembers, First song I ever recorded felt important, I had to paint my portrait enormous. That early idealism continues to color Blus music today.

On Miles, Blu places his personal history alongside a much broader Black history, as he draws himself into a lineage that predates civilization and extends back to the first humans, who lived in Africa, and their diaspora. (More miles than Africans into Asia.) On Roots of Blue, the albums nine-minute centerpiece, he rattles off a dizzying list of namesEgyptian gods, characters from the Bible, key 20th century Black figures like James Baldwin, Jackie Robinson, and Elijah Muhammad, and everyone else creating Black history that lives with me every day. Blu scribbles lists like these across Miles, giving shout outs to everyone from legendary Black artists to Africans shipped over on the Middle Passage to present-day victims of police violence. The breadth of these references affirms a fundamental Black bond, a connection between Blu and every Black human who has ever lived. Black skin, he raps on African Dream, black bones, Black man from the Black planet, black sand, black lamb. Referencing back to our roots, basically, is just a way of reflecting and going back miles, he says on the phone. And I went back as far as I could go, really.

Blu has worked extensively with many producers, including Flying Lotus and Madlib, but he is still most closely associated with Exile. The two of them agree that their friendship is the foundation that has allowed their musical partnership to endure. Exile calls himself and Blu two artistic brothers. Weve been through a lot of things that pulled us apart and brought us back together, he muses.

I think it gets easier as we go, Blu adds. The older we get, the closer we get to understanding each other. The music becomes easier to make.

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On Miles, Blu & Exile Strengthen Their Chemistry and Revisit Their Roots - bandcamp.com

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FDA warns against 5 more hand sanitizers that contain toxic chemical – KTLA

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has added five hand sanitizers to its list of products that have tested positive for a toxic chemical.

These additional hand sanitizer products tested positive for methanol, which is a substance that can be toxic when absorbed through skin or ingested.

The FDAs discovery comes justtwo weeks after the agency advised consumersnot to use nine hand sanitizers manufactured by the Mexican company Eskbiochem SA, because samples had tested positive for methanol.

Exposure to significant amounts of methanol can result in nausea, vomiting, headache, blurred vision, permanent blindness, seizures, coma, permanent damage to the nervous system or death.

Anyone exposed to these hand sanitizers should seek immediate treatment, the FDA warns.

The five hand sanitizers added to the FDAs list are:

These have all been manufactured in Mexico as well.

TheU.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention saysthat proper hand hygiene is an effective response to Covid-19, and the agency recommends using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% ethanol or 70% isopropanol.

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FDA warns against 5 more hand sanitizers that contain toxic chemical - KTLA

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Turnkey State-of-the-art Calcining/Chemical facility and equipment available for sale – Yahoo Finance

Bids Due July 28, 2020

OTTAWA, Ill., July 7, 2020 /PRNewswire/ --Located just 70 miles from Chicago, Illinois, investment group headed by Federal Equipment Company and Holland Industrial Group is accepting offers for the Cristal Metals (Tronox) production facility in Ottawa, Illinois. The facility is fully configured to produce and process titanium powder and can be converted to many other products. Turnkey for its existing function as a calcining and drying operation, the plant can be used across multiple chemical processes. A $200 million investment was made to build this facility in 2010 and it was operated from 2010-2019.

Bids for the facility are due July 28, 2020.

The facility includes calciners, rotary tray dryers, liquid slurry, filtering, and more. It also features CSX rail spurs branching into (2) buildings.

The sale of this turnkey operation is a unique opportunity:

For more information, to view sale brochure, and bidder packet, please visit: https://fedequipblog.fedequip.com/for-sale-chemical-plant-ottawa-il/.

Contact:Interested parties should contact David Winger for further information: +1 216.536.0309| david@fedequip.com.

Auction Scenario:Should an acceptable sealed bid offer not be received by the July 28, 2020 deadline, an auction of the company's M&E assets will commence, with all assets sold on a piecemeal, "as is, where is" basis. The auction will be conducted online at the end of August or early September 2020. A second inspection of the assets will be made available to interested buyers.

About Holland Industrial Group:

With over 30 years of experience in plant liquidations and equipment auctions, Holland Industrial Group serves large and small corporations in asset recovery for their idle and surplus assets. Our Real Estate arm allows us to help companies understand their short-term and long-term value of their property. We have the capabilities to buy all-cash to complete a smooth transaction in connection with the disposition of all plant assets including the real estate. For more information, please visit HollandIndustrialGroup.com.

About Federal Equipment Company:Federal Equipment Company offers 60 years of expertise buying and selling processing and packaging equipment. We optimize the value you recoup for surplus equipment and ensure you get the equipment you need quickly from our broad, on-hand inventory of reliable used machines. For more information, please visit: fedequip.com.

View original content to download multimedia:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/turnkey-state-of-the-art-calciningchemical-facility-and-equipment-available-for-sale-301088596.html

SOURCE Federal Equipment Company

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Turnkey State-of-the-art Calcining/Chemical facility and equipment available for sale - Yahoo Finance

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Enjoying the fireworks? You are watching chemistry in action! – WHNT News 19

When you are watching the fireworks this year, just think that is chemistry in action!

Okay, you may not be thinking about science and would rather focus on the show, but the spectacular colors and sizzling sounds wouldnt happen without it.

When we look up at the sky and see the rockets red glare, you can thank the element strontium for the ruby hue.

In fact, the majority of the colors you see are courtesy of various compound salts bursting in the air.

Red is formed when strontium salts are heated to extreme temperatures.

Orange fireworks get their glow from calcium, where as yellow is formed from sodium.

Green bursts of color are from barium, and copper compounds are responsible for the shimmery blue bombs bursting in air.

But if youd rather celebrate the holiday in your backyard with a big box of sparklers, behold that you are enjoying the sights and sounds of chemistry in your hand.

Sparkler rods contain a mixture of powdered metallic fuel, oxidizers and binder and whats in the fuel can result in different colors.

Aluminum and magnesium compounds produce yellow sparks; iron produces more bronzy hues, and titanium produces silvery sparks.

Oxidizers in the sparkler rod produce oxygen, which help the metallic fuel burn.

And of course, there are binding materials that hold everything together.

Have a safe and happy Fourth of July, and if you watch any fireworks this weekend I hope you enjoy the science show!

Christina

Connect with me!Facebook:Christina Edwards, WHNTTwitter:@ChristinaWHNTwx

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Enjoying the fireworks? You are watching chemistry in action! - WHNT News 19

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